HISTORY



OF



GREENE COUNTY,





TOGETHER WITH



HISTORIC NOTES ON THE NORTHWEST,



AND



THE STATE OF OHIO.



GLEANED FROM EARLY AUTHORS, OLD MAPS ANY) MANUSCRIPTS,
PRIVATE AND OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE, AND
ALL OTHER AUTHENTIC SOURCES.



By R. S. DILLS.



ILLUSTRATED.



DAYTON, OHIO:

ODELL & MAYER, PUBLISHERS.

1881.

GREENE COUNTY COURTHOUSE, XENIA, OHIO












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HISTORY OF GREENE COUNTY.

INTRODUCTION.

Page,

Virginia-Virginia military survey-County organization-Townships-Com-

missioners' act- The judiciary- Court of the associate judges-First court

house- Court in Course-Court of Common Pleas-Supreme Court-Jails-

Court houses- Greene Street- Broken bank notes in the treasury-Uncurrent

money- Renting a stove- Exempt from taxation- Pavement around the pub-

lic square- First agricultural society- Fencing the public square- First

maps of surveys- Taxing lawyers and physicians-Imprisonment for debt

Politics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

INDIAN WARS.

From their origin to the Treaty of Greenville, with incidents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 240

EARLY SETTLEMENT IN GREENE COUNTY.

Letter from Samuel Freeman-Tecumseh-The old cabin and pioneer church. . . . . . 259

TRIALS OF EMIGRATION.

Frederick Bonner, sen.-Nimrod Haddox-Pioneers-Pioneer girls-The old

school house . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 274

THE. WAR OF 1812.

Causes of the war-Tecumseh, Harrison, Proctor-The deserter- Josiah Hunt

Effects of the war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

THE OLD MUSTER.
Early laws establishing the militia- The parade- Whisky- List of officers. . . . . . .. . ..298

COUNTY IMPROVEMENTS.

Railroads- Woolen factories-Infirmary- Description of the Infirmary-Soldiers'

and Sailors' Orphans' Home; a history of the same- The law organizing it

Description of the buildings-The home school building- Administration

building-School department-Home officials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 303

AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.

History of its organization, and officers ....................................... . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. 339

NEWSPAPERS.

The Gazette- The Xenia Torchlight- The Xenia Weekly Sunlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341

COUNTY IN THE REBELLION.

Seventy-Fourth Regiment- One Hundred and Tenth Regiment- Ninety-Fourth

Regiment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

SUMMARY.

Retrospect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367

GEOLOGY.

Topography- Geological Series- Clinton and Niagara limestone-Sub-division of

the Niagara Group-Drift-Soils-Analyses-Water supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 370

XENIA TOWNSHIP.

Boundary and history-Captain Bullet-Simon Kenton- Daniel Boone-Early

settlers-Location of Xenia- Original surveys-Houses-Game-Cold Fri-

day-Oldtown-Improvements-Powder mills-Miscellaneous-Banks-Se-

cret societies-Churches-Union schools-Wilberforce University-Old citi-

zens of Xenia- County census . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

CEDARVILLE TOWNSHIP.

Township officers-Old settlers-Cedarville village-Newspaper-Physicians

Manufactories-Schools-Churches-Secret societies-Soldiers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536

Biographical .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 559

BEAVER CREEK TOWNSHIP.

Big Beaver valley-Population and industries-Railroads- Turnpikes and roads -

Mills-Schools-Churches-Secret societies-Early settlements- Cemeter-

ies-Villages-Homicides-Incidents . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 588

SUGAR GREEK TOWNSHIP.

The Virginia military reservation- First settlement- Incidents- Early settlement

at Bellbrook- Pinkney road--Bellbrook- Incidents-Schools- Religious de-

nominations - Mills - Limestone quarries - Cemeteries - Indian relics -

Sleepy Tom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .626

Biographical . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644

MIAMI TOWNSHIP.

Present condition- Yellow Springs and Neff House- Springs- Antioch College-

Clifton- Antioch bone cave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .661

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. 700

BATH TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement-War of 1812-Indians - Game customs-Churches - Schools -

Osborn corporation-Fairfield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 721

ROSS TOWNSHIP.

Grape Grove-Early settlers- Manufactures-Schools-Churches- Cemeteries . . . . . . . . 739

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 754

SILVER GREEK TOWNSHIP.

Introduction-Present boundary-Early settlers- Indians-Township organization .. . . . 765

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 786



JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement- Pioneer times- Schools- Churches- Secret societies-Railroad

-Bowersville-Post-office, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 815

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 830

SPRING VALLEY TOWNSHIP.

Organization - Officers - Spring Valley village- Churches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 850

Biographical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 854

>NEW JASPER TOWNSHIP.

Early settlers - Schools - Churches - Organization - Villages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 881

CAESAR'S CREEK TOWNSHIP.

Boundaries - Early settlers - Schools - Churches - Mills Paintersville. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 885

Biographical .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 889

SUPPLEMENT.

OHIO: Address by E. D. Mansfield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 895

ORDINANCE OF 1787 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. 916

XENIA PAPER MILL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 924

GREENE COUNTY OFFICIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 926

GREENE COUNTY IN THE LEGISLATURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. 939

XENIA COLLEGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943

Biographies - Xenia & Beaver Creek Township . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 946


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