600 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
has no clue to what it really "gained." No aid from the associate manager was accepted, as had been the case with many other societies ; and, probably, on account of the fact that the ladies seemed desirous to send their supplies directly to Miss E. Mitchell, of their acquaintance, who was then engaged in hospital work ; thus severing for a time, at least, their connection with W. P. Branch, represented by Miss Walker.
By March 27th, 1865, "2 boxes of eatables and a keg of pickles" had been forwarded to Miss M., and clothing was soon to follow. At this date, Mrs. Ellen Whitlock was president.
No. 1.—The first Aid Society was organized July, 1863. Mrs. Lydia C. Adams, though in feeble health, missed but one meeting while they were held. Mrs. Geo. Chapman was also untiring. D. S. Watrous was secretary.
The fourth box of hospital stores was forwarded December 22, 1863. [The ladies of this section, prior to their organization, had contributed liberally to the Montrose Aid.] Feb. 22, 1864, they sent 40 lbs. butter, a quantity of socks, dried fruit, etc.
No estimate at the time was made of these five boxes; they were worth, with the $7 cash sent with the last, probably $250. Much was done in the way of private individual donations, such as stamps, envelopes, socks, and handkerchiefs to friends in the army. These were in almost every corps and division. " We are looking many ways, and trying to pray and encourage them all," wrote one of the society.
" In response to the call for supplies for the soldiers, and for contributions to the Great Central Fair, the members of the Methodist and Presbyterian congregations of Brooklyn assembled at the Presbyterian church, May 24th, and contributed and sent to Philadelphia the following articles : One large box of dried, canned, and preserved fruits, jellies, wines,
and other hospital stores ; two kegs of pickles ; one tub of butter containing 84 lbs., with $11 cash. They also sent to the Children's Department of the Fair a box of fancy articles, maple sugar, and other gifts of the children. The value of the whole was estimated at $126.
"M. A. ADAMS,
"Chairman of Committee."
Total estimates of official consignments about $375.
No. 2.—In April, 1861, the ladies of the Universalist denomination with, drew from the former society, and organized with Mrs. L. F. Porter, president; Mrs. Obadiah Bailey, treasurer; Mrs. E. S. Kent, secretary. The first organization declined in consequence. The second sent to the Sanitary Commission, in 1864, cash $55, a box of stores of equal amount, and eight barrels of apples, worth $20. March 17, 1865, the avails of a festival held at Mr. Wm. Craver's, $105 ; and April 18, $139 cask in addition, swelled the total contributions of this society to $374 at least. Total from Brooklyn Aids, $749.
The Sisters of the Convent at St. Joseph's, under the supervision of Mother Mary Philomena, filled two boxes in 1863 and 1864 with delicacies and old linen, and forwarded them to the Sanitary Commission. 'They had no society organized. [In the report forwarded to the general secretary after the war, the copyist wrote " bbls." for "bottles," thus giving undue value to choice, but comparatively small contributions.]
Other ladies of Choconut were liberal contributors of cash, delicacies, and clothing, through the societies of Friendsville and Montrose.
APPENDIX - 601
The ladies of Springville began their work by holding an ice-cream festival, on Thursday evening, May 21st, 1863, with the avails of which they were encouraged the next Monday evening, May 25th, to organize a soldier's aid society. Its first officers were: Mrs. Albert A. Root, pres.; Miss Philena L. Meacham, treas. ; Miss E. Ursula Scott, secretary ; with an executive committee of three—Mrs. Edward B. Scott, Mrs. E. H. Culver, and Miss Juliette Smith—for the first month.
Contributions began to flow in ; but, to accommodate distant friends of the society, three officers were gratuitously furnished, by the gentlemen of the place, with horse and wagon for a collecting tour, from which they returned with supplies more than sufficient to fill the first box, which was sent to the W. P. B. (to which the society became auxiliary, June 25th, '63), on the 3d of July following. Bedding and delicacies for the sick were the principal contents, and it is interesting to note how these were procured. Ladies parted with part-worn dress skirts (no small sacrifice when dry goods were at maximum prices) for the linings of bed quilts, others brought carded wool for their manufacture, and still others sent patchwork and thread. Some sent feathers for pillows, others striped linen for ticks, and others cases for them ; one lady gave sugar for making cordial, another the brandy, another, " the jug to put it in." As a rule, in all the societies, the spirits used were paid for from the treasury.
By the 29th of July another box was filled and forwarded to Philadelphia ; its contents being shirts, drawers, double-gowns, towels, &c., in addition to bedding and delicacies. It is but just to mention in this connection, that not only for Springville, but for most of the other societies, the boxes and barrels, used for packing, were generally the gift of the merchants ; and, as a rule (though there were exceptions, as in Auburn,) consignments were carried free of charge to the nearest depot, the Commission paying freight by railroad.
In December, 1863, M. H. Smith, who was Miss Scott's successor as secretary, made the first published report of the society, in which she stated
"The loyal ladies of Springville have been silent, heretofore, but they have not
been, the while, inactive. They have been, with their sisters from Maine to
Plying the busy fingers
O'er the vestments old,'
for the relief of that noble band of brothers, who have been stricken in defence of their loved native land. This society has sent four boxes of sanitary stores to the Commission at Philadelphia."
Over one hundred dollars had been received by the treasurer, to the same date, including the avails of a supper given by the ladies in December. The next noted addition to their funds was made July .4th, 1864: the net proceeds of a festival, then held, amounted to $215 77. An address was made on this occasion by Hon. B. Parke, LL. D. By the treasurer's report, July 1865, we learn that the total amount of money received was $385.69.
The society consisted of twenty members. They prepared the following contributions :-
48 doublesgowns, 24 bed-quilts, 63 shirts, 35 prs. drawers, 28 prs. slippers, 26 prs. socks, 25 pillows with 25 slips, 1 sheet, 20 linen towels, 20 pads, 143 handkerchiefs, 4 part-worn coats and vests, 4 boxes of lint, besides large quantities of old linen, cotton and bandages, with an amount of reading matter. 30 1/4 gallons of blackberry brandy and wine, l.4 gallons grated horseradish, 3 1/2 gallons pickles, 1 bottle raspberry vinegar, 3 bottles currant-shrub, 11 jars, cans, etc., of jelly, and 2 cans honey, and 140 lbs. of dried fruit.
Society No. 2.—The ladies of Lynn had met from time to time, after the
602 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
call came for help for suffering soldiers; and, without electing officers, had prepared one box and one barrel, containing quilts, wrappers, dried-fruit, etc., and forwarded them to the Sanitary Commission, during the fall of 1863. On the 2d of December following, they duly organized, Miss E. Knapp, president, Mrs. 0. Fish, treasurer, Miss Nettie Brown, collector, and Mrs. E. M. Phillips, secretary. Their meetings were held every Tuesday afternoon and evening.
June, 1864, they sent $14.60 to the Philadelphia Fair. Their labors as a society continued through the summer, but their numbers were small, and they reported their progress "very slow ;" but a box, filled with bedding, dried fruit, etc. (no particulars given), was made ready before the cold weather set in, when it was difficult for those living at a distance to attend, and the "Mite Meetings" were the only ones held through the winter. The receipts from these, added to $10 received per Miss Walker, gave them a fund a little over $21. An estimate of the total value of the consignments made by the society appears too low, being only $75. But, in any case, it would not fully represent the labors of this section, contributions being sometimes sent to other societies. In 1864, the residents sent $16 to the Montrose Aid, which, according to the wish of the donors, was forwarded to the Christian Commission.
The first Soldiers' Aid Society was organized June, 1863, at New Laceyville, or West Auburn. Its officers were Mrs. John C. Lacey, president and treasurer; Mrs. John R. Lacey, secretary; and Mrs. Miles C. Lacey, corresponding secretary.
Few in numbers at all times, this society was yet vigorous, having at its head one of an indomitable and patriotic spirit. Before the organization of what was afterwards known as the Auburn Aid, contributions were received from distant portions of the township; but the resources of the society were soon limited to a small circle in the vicinity of the Tuscarora.
The cash receipts, previous to October, '63, were but $32 ; but, with this capital, willing and industrious hands contrived to send to the Sanitary Commission three boxes filled with clothing, bedding, dried fruit, rhubarb wine, and other delicacies, and one firkin of cucumber pickles. A special call for the latter was made by the Commission about this time, and was promptly responded to by all the aid societies of the county. Sauerkraut, and kindred articles were thought to be preventive of scurvy, which, at that time, was infecting the soldiers in many places. Most gladly did persons of limited means devote portions of their gardens, the following season, to the culture of cucumbers and cabbages. There was even rejoicing whenever there was work for the soldiers which permitted children to have a share in it. They could pull weeds, pick lint and berries (though, after the first season, old linen was called for instead of lint), make scrap-books, patch bed-quilts, make and sell book-mark's, etc., etc. Indeed, we may justly attribute the preservation of the life of many a soldier to the efforts of the little blackberry pickers in this county.
Before the 1st of November, 1864, the West Auburn society had collected and forwarded to the W. P. B. of the Sanitary Commission, 160 lbs. dried fruit, 2 gallons of blackberry syrup, 3 gallons of rhubarb wine, 2 bottles blackberry cordial, 1 bottle raspberry vinegar, 6 quarts dried sweet corn, 1 firkin pickles, 1 keg pickled cabbage, and 1 keg of apple-butter; besides making and contributing 34 shirts, 18 pairs drawers, 12 pillows and 18 cases, 16 arm-slings and pads, 1 dozen handkerchiefs, 3 towels, 5 pairs socks, 2 pairs sheets, 1 quilt, and 15 lbs. of cloth for dressings.
A pleasant feature of the work among the aid societies, was the occasional interchange of visits to their meetings, for mutual encouragement and cheer. In August, 1863, the secretary and the corresponding secretary of the Mont-
APPENDIX - 603
rose Aid were privileged to visit that of West Auburn. The earnestness and zeal exhibited by the ladies there was refreshing, and gave a zest to the twenty-eight miles of travel not soon forgotten.
In November, 1864, the funds of the society, almost entirely exhausted, were replenished through that dispensed by the associate manager, and, with fresh courage, the ladies continued their work, which had had some drawbacks, among these being a missent package; and disbanded only with the return of peace.
Society No. 2.—A t a meeting of the citizens of Auburn, held at the Burch school-house, July 7, 1863, a soldiers' aid society was organized, and the following officers elected: president, Mrs. D. J. Raub; secretary, Mrs. H. J. Crawford; treasurer, Mrs. James Bunnel ; executive committee, Mrs. E. A. Edwards, Miss M. A. Newman, Miss Henrietta Kinney, Miss I. P. Sterling, and Mrs. Job Green.
Within the first month, the new society were in receipt of $25, only three-fifths of which were expended in preparing the first consignment, which consisted principally of dried fruit, pillows, and part-worn shirts, for hospital use, and the box was forwarded, without delay, to the W. P. B. The Gettysburg battles developed more freely the sympathies and energies of persons who had previously thought theirs taxed to the utmost ; and the result was seen in the rapid increase of aid societies in efficient action.
Two or three months later, the Auburn society forwarded another box, the contents of which were very valuable, the garments being of new material, made up by the ladies, whose treasury had been replenished by the addition of more than $100.
In April, 1864, guided by a circular received from Philadelphia, the society was reorganized, with Mrs. Daniel Cooley for president; Mrs. David Raub, Mrs. A. M. Sturdevant, Mrs. Charles Crawford, Mrs. Job Green, and Mrs. William 0 verfield, for vice-presidents (Mrs. Quinby afterwards supplying a vacancy); Mrs. John G. Taylor, secretary and treasurer.
To those acquainted with the residents of Auburn, it will be perceived that the officers of the society were widely separated, and, in fact, a large territory —not less than eight square miles—was covered by the society. But each vice-president served as a nucleus of influence in her particular locality, and the result gives proof of the efficiency of the plan adopted.
The following was the final report of the secretary and treasurer.
"The Auburn Soldiers' Aid forwarded to the U. S. S. C. (W. P. B.) 98 new muslin shirts, 16 part worn shirts, 15 new flannel shirts, 57 pairs drawers, 97 pairs slippers, 68 pairs drawers, 96 pillows, 100 pairs pillow cases, 16 dressing gowns, 22 sheets, 30 towels, 43 handkerchiefs, 9 arm slings, 3 pairs pads, 3 pairs pants, 45 fans, 3 linen coats, 330 lbs. dried fruit of different kinds, 11 bottles blackberry cordial, 9 bottles elderberry cordial, 7 bottles catsup, 8 bottles horseradish, 20 cans fruit, 12 tumblers jelly, 2 cans honey, 5 papers corn starch, 12 combs, a large quantity of bandages, 2 bbls. cotton and linen, containing 80 lbs. each, 20 lbs. butter, 1 tub butter, 2 firkins pickles in vinegar, 1 keg wine, containing 10 gallons, also, beans, onions, dried corn, sage, hops, vinegar, wine, etc., etc.
"Sum total received $950 93
"Expenses $950 93
Of their receipts, they paid the last $20 for clothing for the widows and orphans of the soldiers.
During the summer of 1864, the "little folks" of Shannon Hill were at work under the title of the Alert Society, and contributed " a very nice patchwork quilt" to the aid society. About this time, Springville, and Clapper Hill, Bradford Co., contributed more or less to the supplies sent from Auburn.
An oyster supper, given at the house of Mr. Lott, Auburn Center, put
604 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
nearly $50 into the treasury; indeed, throughout the county, oysters were of great use in furnishing means to enable the ladies to carry on their work.
The secretary, in making up her report, adds : " Our efforts have been attended with great inconvenience, and we have been called upon to make much sacrifice many times, from the fact that our society is very much scattered." And, with reference to the Montrose Aid: "I felt almost discouraged after I was at your rooms, and saw how much easier you could do a great deal than we could a little." This is quoted in order to exhibit in a stronger light, not the little but the much accomplished by those in farming communities, where rough roads and distance were formidable obstacles, but where their warm and generous hearts in the cause were strong enough to overcome them. But when the battles were over, their efforts relaxed, as did those of many others, while a few societies continued their work to the 4th of July following.
In response to the urgent solicitation of Miss S. M. Walker, July 6, 1863, the Misses Matilda and Miriam J. Wright consented to exert themselves to form a Soldiers' Aid Society in Forest Lake, and so faithfully did they fulfil their promise, that a society of twenty members was in successful operation two weeks later, the organization having been made July 11, when the sisters engaged to serve respectively as president and secretary. The latter wrote on the 20th of the same month to the associate manager:—
" Two barrels are nearly filled and will be ready to send this week, with a tub of butter. We intend to go on with the work, in which much interest is manifested throughout the community."
So successfully was this intention carried out, that the work went on until late in the summer of 1865.
Though up to October 9, 1863, only $9.85 had been paid into the treasury (with which the ladies bought cotton cloth and made shirts, sheets, and pillowcases,) they had managed to send articles amounting in value to $56.64,¹ besides about a barrel and a half of dried fruit, which, being sent in different consignments and not weighed, was not estimated, nor was a tub of pickles ; had these been properly appraised, better justice could now be done in comparing the results of the society's efforts with that of others. Still, this was a common practice ; they looked more to see that proper articles were promptly forwarded than to reckon up the amount of the same. It was not until the aid societies were urged by the Commission to place estimates upon their consignments, that due attention was paid to the matter.
The interest taken by the community in general seemed somewhat to flag by the end of the first three months of the society's existence ; still they met once in two weeks. It should have been stated before, that their labors for the benefit of the soldiers had begun long before their organization, their supplies being forwarded as a part of those of the Montrose Aid, to which at first most of the townships were tributary.
In 1864, the Forest Lake Society, in common with others, was in receipt of ten dollars per Miss Walker ; and by a collection taken up at an evening meeting, and by private contribution, they were able to expend nearly $25 in the purchase of flannel, which was made into shirts and drawers.
"'!'here are enough ready hands to work," wrote the secretary, "if they only have the material ;" and this expressed the condition of the societies everywhere at that time. The women could not do enough to give vent to their excitement, or to their sympathy with the state of their country and its loyal army ; though war in itself was repugnant to each and every one of them.
¹ "Three tubs" are acknowledged from this society during October. 1863, in the Sanitary Commission Department of the Saturday Evening Post.'
APPENDIX - 605
The Great Central Fair at Philadelphia, June, 1864, received from the Forest Lake Society about $30, including $7 cash, a package of fancy articles worth $7, 1 barrel of potatoes, and 1 tub of butter.
From the beginning to the close of their work, the ladies received in all some cents less than $70. Of this sum $28.29 were private contributions, and $11 02 a thanksgiving collection; $10 from the Taylor Hollow Society, and the balance was given them " to double ;" which it may be safely said they did. From the whole amount ($70) they made twenty-seven consignments to the commission, viz., 11 barrels (3 of clothing and fruit), 5 boxes ditto, 5 tubs of butter, 1 tub and 1 firkin of pickles, 1 keg of fruit and 1 of onions, with 2 packages worth $12.40, besides the cash donation to the fair.
Surely, in view of Miss Walker's solicitation, we may say, " A word spoken in due season, how good is it !"
In the summer of 1864, the ladies in the vicinity of Birchardsville, in the township of Forest Lake, contributed for the benefit of sick and wounded soldiers two boxes and one barrel of clothing and delicacies ; but they had no organization.
In the fall of 1864, at Taylor Hollow, Miss Carrie L. Vail exerted herself to interest the ladies
near the southern line of the township in organizing an aid society, of which she was made the president ; Miss Mary Taylor, vice-president; Misses Maria A. Vail and Cynthia T. Carr, secretaries. When they began their work (which was before their organization) they expected only to fill one box, but after becoming interested and united, they anticipated permanent effort ; but the failing health of the president of the society obliged her to relinquish her labors after the third consignment in three months, and the other members not choosing to assume responsibility, confided their fund, $10 (per Miss Walker), to the society near the Lake.
FRIENDSVILLE AND FOREST LAKE SOCIETY.
The township of Middletown had no aid society, and Mrs. J. C. Morris, then residing there, interested herself early in July, 1863, in engaging Mrs. Dr. N. Y. Leet, and other ladies of Friendsville, to unite with those of the northwestern part of Forest Lake, to form an organization in behalf of suffering soldiers. They responded promptly, and July 20, 1863, they elected the following officers : Mrs. Fred. Hollister, pres. ; Mrs. E. S. Hosford, treas. ; Mrs. Martha D. Leet, sec. Mrs. James Stone and others on Stone Street were actively interested. "The society organized with becoming spirit, but sickness checked their operations," and but three consignments are mentioned, of which the estimates given in Dr. C. C. Halsey's report for the county were $134.10. But in the 'Saturday Evening Post,' in which the commission made its acknowledgments at first, the Friendsville Aid is credited for four barrels in October, 1863. These probably included one sent from Lakeside, Choconut, the contents of which are not given. The others contained bedding, clothing, etc., and fruit. Of the last there were 117 pounds ; currant jelly, 39 pounds ; canned strawberrries, 7 pounds; tea, 1 pound ; and 1 half barrel pickles also given.
This society sent $18 to the Grand Central Fair.
A distinct organization was formed by the ladies of Friendsville, in January, 1864, with the following officers : Mrs. Nelson Griffis, president ; Miss Mattie Brainard, treasurer ; and Mrs. F. Foster, secretary and corresponding secretary. These, with four or five other members, comprised the society, and the secretary in making her report, August 9, 1864, wrote of " many disadvantages," adding, " but I trust that even the little we are able to do, may, in the hands of our noble Sanitary Commission, be productive of much good." At that time it appears that at least one barrel had been filled and forwarded,
606 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY
as shie says: "We send another battel this week, and are doing all in our power to prepare a large quanity of fruit." That this effort was successful is seen in the fact that they sent 12 pounds of currants dried in sugar, besides 24 pounds of other kinds of dried fruit, and 6 gallons of blackberry wine, with 7 cans of blackberries and cherrties. Of bedding and clothingthey sent 12 quilts and comfortables, 20 feather pillows, and 2 hop pillows with cases, 4 sheets, 2 dressing-gowns, 11 pairs socks, 3 shirts, 1 pair draweres, 16 pads and arm-slings handkerchiefs, 1 pair slippers, lint, old linen and muslin. They sent the Grand Central Fair articles valued at $50. Totlal estimate, $141.30. Here as elsewhere the workers were represented in the army, and some of these, alas, by prisoners of war. on of whom "died at Andersonville."
The ladies of Choconut were contributions to this society.
At Clifford Corners an aid society of twenty-five members was organized, July 30, 1863, Mrs. Doctor Gardner, president ; Mrs. M. C. Stewart, secretary ; Miss Amanda M. Wells, corresponding secretary ; Miss R. L. Halstead, treasurer (succeeded by Miss Persia K. Stevens). Two committees were appointed, one on supplies (changed every month), and another permanent (Mrs. William Johnson and Mrs. William Lott), on packing. They agreed to work three hours each week, either at home or at the society meeting. At the second meeting, thirty-three ladies were present. The secretary, writing of this meeting to the associate manager, said :—
"They all seem to commence the work with energy, and a determination to do something for the cause we have so long neglected. We have for sometime felt it to be our duty to do something for our suffering soldiers, but, knowing the loss and misuse of articles sent by private boxes, we have remained inactive. But your timely letters and papers have opened a way for us, and we feel under great obligations to you for giving us the opportunity of throwing in our mite for the holy cause."
This letter being shown to the committee in Philadelphia, it was published in the Sanitary Commission Department of the Saturday Evening Post,' and the editor added : " We shall watch with peculiar interest the progress of the Clifford Aid." This was certainly a stimulus to exertion, and the ladies nobly met the apparent requisition. Within the first two months their number enrolled was nearly fifty. Within the year they had forty meetings, and
4 barrels and 4 boxes valued at - $297 06
1 tub batter - 10.00
1 box to the Grand Central Fair (including 1125 cakes maple sugar) - 131 29
Making a total result for first year of $438 35
On reorganizing the second year at Mrs. C. D. Wilson's (twenty-two ladies present), it was agreed to meet once a fortnight, with a five cents fine for absence. Twenty-five meetings were held, and the whole value of articles sent was - 335 98
Total of sixteen consignments - $774 33
(In these were included 12 gallons blackberry brandy, $48; three boxes clothing etc., 1 cask and 1 firkin of pickles.)
The secretary wrote again, expressing a sentiment common to all the societies : " Oh, it is sweet to think that perhaps even our feeble efforts have saved one life, and made one home glad that would otherwise have been desolate."
APPENDIX - 607
There were but fifteen members at the close of the work, but their record would not shame a larger number.
A festival, a young people's exhibition, and a refreshment stand, had furnished funds additional to collections made by the society. To these must also be added $11, per Miss Walker; it was on the reception of $10 of this that the secretary wrote her : "It came just in the right time and in the right way, to give us a new impetus in the right direction, as your favors always do ; ' and this statement will be indorsed by the societies of the whole county.
Among the results of the industry of this society, in the absence of a full statement, we give: "243 pounds dried fruit, 50 cans of fruit, 72 arm-slings, 83 shirts, 47 drawers, 7 quilts," and smaller articles in proportion.
Rumors early reached the associate manager of the interest taken by some of the ladies of Ararat in supplying suffering soldiers with comforts and delicacies, and she promptly communicated with Mrs. Mary Kingsbury Tyler, who was known to have been one of the number. Her reply stated briefly the effort made in Ararat, jointly and individually, and added:—
" The reason that we have not formed a separate organization, is on account of the fewness and feebleness of our numbers. There are some here who will keep on doing to the best of their ability as long as there are suffering soldiers to aid."
In November, 1864, she wrote :—
" The number of those who would lend a helping hand has been sadly reduced by death and removals, and I find if anything is done it will be by the personal exertions of one or two females in the decline of life. My age (within a few weeks of seventy) and feeble health prevent my doing as much as I could wish. I have felt that whenever I could knit a pair of socks, or furnish a pair of pillow-cases, they should not wait when aid societies were all around us."
A month later :—
"The money kindly furnished by you was expended in buying material to work up, and on the day appointed, quite a number of ladies met here and made or nearly made it up. Most of them brought something besides, and some displayed commendable liberality, but did not conclude it was best to organize a society."
In other districts there was no organization from causes not dissimilar to those that operated in Ararat. Here, in addition, should be mentioned the bad state of the roads in winter, which prevented frequent meetings even bad there been a larger number interested in the work. But to show that earnest hearts overcame difficulties—having the spirit if not the letter of an aid society—the following is quoted from Mrs. Tyler's report:—
"During the first year of the war, a box was sent from here weighing nearly four hundred pounds. In it were fifty pairs of socks, also pillows, cushions, pillow-cases, sheets, bedquilts, wrappers, drawers, etc. I would say that some individuals from Thomson contributed some articles for which they should be credited, but I cannot tell how much. No accounts were kept. After that Mrs. E. B. Wilson (the wife of our pastor) collected clothing, dried fruit, etc., perhaps to the amount of $20, and sent to the Soldiers' Aid at Montrose.
"In the autumn of 1864, we furnished a small box (with aid from the associate manager) valued at about $30, something over, I think. In the spring of 1865, with further assistance from her, and with something gained by an oyster supper, we sent $25 to the Commission at Philadelphia. In June, following, my daughter-in-law and myself sent $7 more. There have been a few individual donations in money ; I cannot say how much. Our large box was sent to Washington, the other to the W. P. Branch."
608 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY
Total estimate of boxes and other donations, as per Dr. Halsey's report, $282.
The reports of soldiers who bad returned from hospitals where no gratuitous aid had been furnished, probably discouraged effort in Thomson. The contribution to the Ararat box is all that has been reported.
At the foot of the eastern slope of Elk Mountain, a society was organized through the personal solicitation of Miss Walker, in the summer of 1864; Mrs. Thomas Burns, president, and the Misses Jennie A. and Orpha E. Dart, secretaries. The two sisters had two brothers in the army—one of them a prisoner, as they afterwards learned, at Andersonville, where be died the same season. It is not singular, then, that they " needed no second appeal to work for our poor suffering ones." Others united with them, perhaps a dozen attending on an average the meetings of the society. The treasury is reported as being " generally empty ;" still, a bOX was filled and forwarded to the W. P. B. in August, 1864, by means of a very praiseworthy species of barter, where dairy farmers could more easily bring butter than cash, and the contributions made by them were paid to the merchant for muslin, etc., to be made into garments for hospital use.
In the fall of 1864, the receipt of $10, per Miss Walker, gave the West Herrick Society the means, six weeks later, to send a bOX principally of dried fruit and delicacies, valued at $27.84, and a firkin of pickles. The reception of these was promptly acknowledged by Mrs. Plitt, of the W. P. B., who added :—
" I think Susquehanna will be the banner county in her efforts to relieve the sufferings of our soldiers in this hated rebellion. She never tires. Her loyal women are always on the alert, always doing, always giving."
The Welsh citizens of Herrick, Clifford, and Gibson contributed liberally to societies in these townships, but no aid society was established by them as a community ; this, among those accustomed to work as a distinctive body, is another mark of the delightful oneness of feeling that characterized coworkers for the Sanitary.
September, 1863, the ladies in the southeast corner of Herrick contributed generously to a box sent from Montrose. In the fall of 1864, the Uniondale Aid Society reported, Mrs. M. A. Arnold, president and treasurer ; Mrs. D. D. Reynolds, secretary, and Mrs. M. Dimmick, Mrs. S. Miller, and Mrs. L. Coleman, solicitors.
They contributed at least one box of bedding, clothing, and dried fruit, valued at $32, and $7.50 cash, which was returned to them, with $10 from Miss Walker's fund, to be doubled. The total estimate is given at $54.70.
Through the winter, storms and bad walking made meetings of the society impracticable, but the secretary wrote, "The little we can do we will do, thanking God we are permitted to labor in so worthy a cause."
Before a soldiers' aid was organized here, contributions to the value of $75 to $85 had been forwarded for the comfort of soldiers. The first regular meeting was held August 1, 1863. During the next ten or eleven months, the society, small in the beginning and growing smaller, still were able to send to the W. P. B. four barrels, three of them filled with fruit, wine, bedding, and clothing ; one with vegetables.
APPENDIX - 609
An ice-cream and strawberry festival was held at the hotel in Jackson, on the afternoon and evening of the fourth of July, 1864, the net proceeds of which were $105. f this sum the society appear to have made good use within the remaining ten months of their organization, as the total amount of consignments for the benefit of soldiers is given thus : eight barrels, one bOX of canned fruit, one keg of strawberry wine, one keg of blackberry syrup, one tub of butter—the whole valued at $313.82. The members of the society were separated by distance and met only once in two weeks, and sometimes not as often. The officers were: Mrs. James A. Bingham, president; Mrs. S. M. Foster, corresponding secretary; Miss Jane Nason, recording secretary; Mrs. G. W. Slaysman, and Mrs. E. Tucker, treasurers in succession,
The North Jackson Aid Society, Mrs. P. Hall, secretary, is incidentally mentioned by the secretary of the former, but no account of its operations was ever made to the associate manager for the county.
The Soldiers' Aid Society of Gibson was organized the 8th of August, 1863, with the following officers: Mrs. Ellen Whitney, president; Mrs. W. T. Read, vice-president; Miss 0. D. Tuttle, secretary; J. G. Stiles, treasurer; directors, Mrs. C. P. Hawley, Mrs. S. S. Ingalls, Mrs. C. P. Edwards, Miss Eleanor Read. On the 12th of September, 1863, a bOX was made ready for the W. P. B , and another on the 3d of October following. Their contents were : Feather pillows, woolen sacks, handkerchiefs, hop pillows, one comfortable, six double gowns, pillow cases, shirts, drawers, lint and linen rags, 34 lbs. dried currants, 1 bushel of apples, 8 bottles of blackberry cordial and raspberry vinegar, besides various packages of dried fruit. It is unfortunate that no cash estimate was made of the value of these boxes before forwarding. Material for clothing had cost - $56 22
Gibson sent to the Great Central Fair one bOX valued at $100 and cash $7 45 - 107 45
South Gibson sent a box to the Christian Commission, Sept. 1864.
Gibson Hollow and Gibson Hill, a box to the same, November, 1864 - 23 00
Cash raised by subscription and sent to the Sanitary Commission, December, 1864 - 75 50
Collection on Thanksgiving Day, sent to the Am. Union Com. for refugees - 45 40
Net proceeds of a festival, divided equally between the Sanitary and Christian Commissions - 205 24
Total - $512 81
[We are indebted to the pen of Hon. U. Burrows for intelligence of what was done for suffering soldiers after the disbanding of the Aid Society.]
In addition to his liberal cash subscription, George H. Wells sent one bbl. of onions.
Mrs. Burrows, Mrs. Read, Mrs. Ingalls, Mrs. Edwards, and Mrs. Kennedy were engaged in preparing the last bOX when they received $10 from Miss S. M. Walker from the fund entrusted to her. This furnished them flannel, which they made up and forwarded to the Commission as above. Without estimates of a portion of the supplies, we have contributions to the value of more than five hundred dollars.
There is no common business centre in Gibson, business being distributed among four different places in the township; this was "one cause that embarrassed the successful and regular working of a soldiers' aid society, and made the efforts of the people somewhat spasmodic."
- 39 -
610 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
The ladies of Lathrop organized a soldiers' aid, August, 1863, in response to an appeal from the associate manager in behalf of the Sanitary Commission. From a letter to her written by the secretary we are permitted to quote
" We find a great amount of opposition, but the greatest difficulty is the unaccountable ignorance of many respecting the workings of the Sanitary Commission. We are met on all sides with, The soldiers will never get it ; 'twill be devoured by surgeons and nurses;' then follows an account of boxes lost,' etc., which, of course, were sent to friends in regiments. If we can succeed in making them understand the difference between the U. S. Sanitary Commission and local Aid Societies,' we can do much more."
The officers first reported were : Mrs. Thayer, president (afterwards Mrs. I. A. Newton took her place) ; Mrs. Silvius, treasurer; Mrs. George Bronson, secretary ; Mrs. J. M. G. Baker, corresponding secretary. The latter made strenuous exertions to secure the interest of others in the cause; and not wholly without success, as the report of supplies forwarded attest. Unlike many other societies, their efforts seem to have been far more abundant during the last six months prior to July, 1865, than at any previous time, This was owing, in part, to the encouragement received from the avails of the oyster supper given by the society at the house of Captain Lord, March 2, 1865. Notwithstanding a storm prevailed at the time, the receipts were $125.13. Not long previous they received, per Miss Walker, $10, and, before the close of their work, another $10, "to be doubled." With a list before us of the articles sent to the Commission, we are constrained to feel that the total estimate, $134.22, is much too low. Besides five barrels of vegetables, three firkins of pickles, five gallons of spiced cabbage, one ham, five quarts prepared horseradish, a half bushel oats, 4 lbs. hops, 7 lbs. old muslin, reading matter, and one or more small packages, there were 40 lbs. dried berries and peaches, and 84 lbs. dried apples included with the consignments, which were even more directly the result of the industry of the ladies at their meetings, viz., 17 shirts, 5 pairs drawers, 4 quilts, 9 pairs socks, 1 dozen linen napkins. 8 towels, 5 pairs pillow cases, 2 pillows, and 2 hop pillows, 38 thumb stalls, 15 pads, and arm slings with splints, 15 lbs. bandages, 2 lbs. lint, 3 handkerchiefs, 1 cushion.
The operations of the society appear to have been in the central portions of the township, and principally along Horton's Creek.
The organization of the Glenwood Soldiers' Aid Society, November 26, 1863, and its successful operation, may justly be considered due to the efforts of Miss Jessie Hartley, its secretary. Miss Sarah J. Hartley was chosen president, and Miss C. Conrad, treasurer. At the first three or four meetings only five or six ladies were present; but, at the fifth meeting, nine convened. The former number was the average attendance. Two ladies volunteered to go through a portion of the township of Lenox and solicit contributions, the result of which was a consignment to the W. P. B, December, 1863, of which the modest valuation was less than $20. Several persons refused to assist, with the plea that the articles sent would never reach the soldiers, but be appropriated dishonestly. In view of this the secretary thought that " perhaps their misgivings might be allayed through the medium of the county papers, if some persons in possession of facts concerning the benefit done by other aid societies of our county should consider the matter of sufficient importance to publish them."
In reply to this the associate manager published, in the Montrose Republican', statements that were considered satisfactory. The ten members of the
APPENDIX - 611
Glenwood Society were able, on the 23d of June, 1864, to forward the second barrel of supplies, when the treasurer reported forty cents remaining in the treasury—" all our capital—for we have nothing beside; not the smallest scrap of anything whatever was left ;" and yet, one month later, the forty cents had swelled to forty dollars. The latter constituted the proceeds of an oyster supper given by the ladies. ften was there "not a scrap left," after consignments by other societies; but faith and works soon brought in a new supply for succeeding demands.
In the fall of 1864 the Glenwood Society received $10 from the fund disbursed by Miss Walker, and, in acknowledging it, a just tribute was paid to her as a laborer in the cause " in which," says the secretary in a letter to Miss W., "you have and are still performing a part unparalleled, as 'far as I have known, in noble results."
For some months previous to October 28, 1864, no meetings had been held, and yet, up to that time, having been in receipt of only $66.70 in cash, the society had forwarded 117 lbs. dried apples, 52 lbs. dried berries, currants, etc., 3 1/2 bushels of green apples, 12 1/4 lbs. butter, 5 gallons pickles, 12 cans fruit, etc., 10 gallons blackberry brandy (valued at $40), 1 bottle wine,
besides the bedding, socks, etc., making a total value of about - $90 00
Cash sent to G. C. Fair, per Mrs. F. P. Grow - 24 00
Individuals in the northern part of Lenox, who at one time contributed, through Mrs. Lucy Z. T. Oakley, to the Glenwood Aid Society, had, at length, March 27, 1865, an organization of their own, by the distinctive appellation of the " Lenox Soldiers' Aid ;" of which the following report was given, not long afterwards, in the columns of the ' Republican'
" We had almost concluded our numbers too small and scattered, most of whom had sent forth their companions, brothers, and sons, thus leaving them to struggle alone in rather destitute circumstances. But the call to aid our released prisoners could not be passed by without notice. The cause being earnestly presented before the community, an appointment was made for the organization of a society for this object. Accordingly, on the 27th March, a few wended their way to the Old Red School House,' and, after calling to order, made choice of Mrs. D. E. White, president; Miss Cordelia Tingley, vice-president; Mrs. Lucy Z. T. Oakley, secretary; Miss J. Lord, treasurer; appointed Saturday, April 1, for our next meeting at the house of D. C. Oakley. At this meeting committees were appointed to visit and solicit funds. Thus we have met each week, at places designated by the society, and have had our hearts cheered as our numbers have doubled every meeting. We have, with united effort, been able to fill one barrel containing various articles, such as shirts, drawers, socks, slippers, handkerchiefs, pillow, pillow-cases, thread, bandages, 1 quilt, sheet, combs, housewife, dried apples, dried berries, dried beef, sugar, tea, butter, onions, and a quantity of reading matter. Also, one keg of pickles ready for use. All valued at $45.20."
One barrel, one box valued at about $15, and one keg of pickles—the sum total of their consignments (as the work of the Sanitary Commission closed in July) does not represent the value of their organization to ,themselves or to others. It was a self-sacrificing effort made by a scattered community, at a season when their energies were taxed to the utmost for the erection of a house of worship. The secretary wrote respecting those connected with the Aid Society: " Many that have contributed to it were really needy themselves ;" and of their church enterprise : " Having always met in a schoolhouse, and that becoming very poor, we need, greatly need, a house more comfortable." This was not the only instance in the county where a neighborhood struggling to secure a comfortable (not luxurious) house of worship, supplemented their work with effort for the Sanitary Commission; but of such spirits are most good enterprises begotten.
612 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY
In response to Miss Walker's appeal. July, 1863, for organized effort here, the following reply was given by a lady who contributed through the societies of other townships, prior to the formation of a soldiers' aid in Liberty :—
"I would gladly do anything I could, but the people here are so friendly to the South, they will not hear nor do anything."
This is not quoted to revive old prejudices, but to state the facts as they existed at the time ; it was not only in Liberty, but in other localities, such a state of things existed, to ignore which, would be to hide from view the greatest difficulty then encountered by the loyal women in prosecuting their work through the U. S. Sanitary Commission. Then, too, they had their own griefs. It was painful to see a man drafted, being unable to serve, and yet being obliged to pay his $300 to stay at home ; but there were women who could bear to see this even in their own families, and still exert themselves for those who had been able to answer their country's call. It is only by considering these and kindred circumstances, that one can rightly estimate the sacrifice made by the ladies in sustaining a soldiers' aid society.
Miss Walker, accompanied by three officers of the Montrose Aid, had met the ladies of the township at the Baptist church, and incited them to organize, January 13th, 1864, under the name of Lawsville Center Aid. Mrs. D. Stanford was elected president; Mrs. Garry Law, vice-president; Miss Edna M. Cowles, treasurer; and Miss M. A:Smith, secretary.
After the third meeting the secretary wrote of very "good success," and as if sanguine that an increase of interest would be felt in their undertaking; but " the members were widely scattered, and it was with much difficulty they could get together. Then came reports that the Commission did not make good use of the means put in their hands. Mrs. Stanford was energetic and faithful, but there was very little responsive activity. The last effort that she made to get the society together, only two members met with her, and the notice of the meeting was read in the Baptist and Presbyterian houses." With all this array of discouragement, it is gratifying to know that the organization was far from being non-efficient. Though the cash capital amounted, in all, to but $41, of which $9 were returned to the associate manager at the close of its operations, $32 were so judiciously invested as to be much more than quadrupled in the value of the supplies forwarded by the society. The first box was not estimated, but it must have been quite valuable, containing 9 quilts besides 60 minor articles. It was sent April 7th, '64. The next, July 9th, following, was valued at $39.84. A firkin of pickled cucumbers was forwarded, November 26th, and one of sauerkraut, December 30th, '64. The last box was filled and sent February 17th, 1865, after which the society appears not to have been in active operation, though it was not formally closed until July 1st of the same year. The total estimate then made of their contributions was $135. Remnants were made into garments for the freedmen.
During the fall of 1863, Mrs. Dr. Dunham called upon a number of the ladies of Rush to notify them of the appeal of Miss Walker, for their united efforts for the relief of suffering soldiers; but, it was not until the 16th of February, 1864, that the ladies met and effected an organization. This was at the residence of N. Granger, Esq., and Mrs. Dunham was called upon to preside, after which the following officers were elected : Mrs. Amos Sherwood, president; Mrs. Loring Hewen, secretary; Mrs. Norman Granger, treasurer; Mrs. C. Perrigo, solicitor for the north district. The other districts, outside of the one in which the meeting was held, were not represented. The resolutions then adopted show that after-meetings were held upon a different plan from that in Montrose and some other places, where a room was
APPENDIX - 613
secured for the purpose, and no one was burdened to furnish a supper for the workers. The afternoon and evening of every alternate Thursday was appointed for their meetings, which were to be held from place to place upon invitation, according to the 2d resolution which concluded thus : " Our hostess shall give us nothing but plain, soldiers' fare for our supper, and no refreshments in the evening." A " mite" was required of every person coming in, in the evening; and the sum thus raised was not inconsiderable, as the young people understood that play and not work was intended.
During the first nine months after organization the society received, in cash, $194.72; and the estimated value of the consignments to the W. P. B. for the same time was $313.20.
These included only the results of labor in 1864.
In March, 1865, another valuable box was forwarded, the cash receipts through the winter having greatly increased ; and just two months later the last consignment was made, the last " mite" collected, (nearly $300 being the total amount of cash receipts) and the work was closed up by sending $51.75 (the balance in the treasury) to the Freedmen's Fund at the Am. Baptist Home Mission Rooms, Nassau Street, N. Y. This, or a similar, disposal was made of the funds remaining with other soldiers' aid societies upon their regular disbanding.
The total contents of the boxes filled during fifteen months bear testimony to the activity and patriotism of the ladies of Rush. Besides 4 firkins of pickles, 26 gallons blackberry syrup, 118 lbs. dried fruit, 36 cans of fruit. 12 bottles horseradish, with smaller quantities of various articles of diet, there were made or contributed 73 pillows and 19 cases, 8 sheets. 6 bed quilts. 59 shirts, 40 prs. drawers, 44 prs. socks, 24 dressing-gowns, 34 towels. 119 handkerchiefs, 21 arm-slings and pads, 114 needle books and "housewives," and several miscellaneous articles of clothing, and large quantities of old linen bandages, and reading matter accompanied them.
Prior to September, 1864, the ladies near Eddy church had attempted something in the way of a separate organization, Miss Maggie Bertholf, president, and Mrs. Frederick Fargo, treasurer and secretary, but their contributions found their way to the Women's Penn. Branch, via Montrose and Dimock Aids, and were not estimated. Mrs. Fargo herself, a soldier's wife with three children, wrote of their discouragements :—
" Our place is so full of soldiers' wives and widows, and fatherless children, that it is hard to do much, but we will try to do more, though it is my daily prayer that our labors may not be needed long, but that the brave soldiers may soon return to be nursed by wife, sister, or mother."
On the 30th of November, 1864, encouraged by the receipt of ten dollars per Miss Walker, and by the helping hand of the minister of their parish, the ladies had a meeting at Mrs. Fred. Fargo's, and reorganized by electing Mrs. James Fargo, president; Mrs. J. More and Mrs. Fred. Fargo, vice-presidents; and Mrs. J. M. France, secretary; the N. E. corner of Auburn being represented. This society continued in operation through the winter, and sent to the W. P. B. bedding, clothing, dried fruit, scrap-books for convalescents, etc. etc., amounting to more than $80. They sent to the Christian Commission $10 cash.
The associate manager of the county, and three representatives of different aid societies, visited this society at the house of E. W. Gray, in East Rush, February 11th, '65, encountering drifts that made the effort perilous; but it was rewarded at last by a welcome from a group of ladies earnestly at work for the soldiers. The society sustained itself under difficulties that would have wholly disheartened members less enterprising and patriotic.
614 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
The party mentioned in the foregoing paragraph, proceeded to Jessup, where, two hours later, they found a company of forty gathered at the " Bolles school house," where needles and shears were busy. On the previous evening a mite society, tributary to the aid, was held in the same township, and twenty dollars were collected and added to their treasury.
In four months the Jessup Aid had forwarded three consignments, and the fourth was ready.
The associate manager read here, a letter from Mrs. Grier, of the Commission, relative to the statements afloat derogatory to its reliability. The reply made by Miss Ellen Mitchell to an inquiry respecting her own observation of the workings of the Commission, was also given. Here we quote the account given by one of the visitors : " Then followed a novel tea-taking.' Since the days when we went, basket in hand, making our early essays up the Hill of Science, we had not feasted in a school-house ; and, not then, as now, with the bountifully spread table enlivened by the contents of the hissing urn,' or its less pretending substitute. By the way, why would it not be well for all the district societies to follow the plan of Jessup—meet in the forenoon, have a picnic dinner, and spend the whole day, once a fortnight ?"
The mite society of Jessup was organized Jan. 15, 1864, by electing L. B. Pickett, president ; Edgar W. Bolles, secretary ; Fannie Cornell, collector; and Libbie Baldwin, treasurer.
For nine months this was the only effort made to obtain funds for the relief of sick and wounded soldiers ; but it was the most efficient one of the kind in the county, mite societies in almost every other instance, being simply auxiliary to regular aid societies. This society held eighteen meetings, at which the whole amount collected was very nearly two hundred dollars. ($199.15.) The last meeting was held April 7th, 1865.
The Jessup Aid Society was organized in the Bolles school house (District No. 4). October 28th, 1864, by the election of Mrs. Dr. Bissell for president; Mrs. Sally Bolles, Cordelia Bolles, Mrs. Mary Wheelock, Mrs. Kate Olmstead, Mrs. Amy Blasdell, vice-presidents ; Miss V. M. Chatfield, recording secretary and treasurer ; and Miss Jessie Bissell, corresponding secretary.
The society met weekly until Christmas, when they had prepared two barrels of clothing, dried fruit, etc., for the Sanitary Commission, and one firkin of pickles, which together were valued at $95.73. Their great success, in so short a period, was due to the fact that the mite society, after sending $72.64 to the Philadelphia Fair, had given into their hands $40; which, with an equal amount collected by E. W. Bolles on election day, (Nov. 8, 1864), and $10 from the fund held by Miss Walker, gave them advantages at the outset, enjoyed, it is believed, by no other society.
After New-Year's, 1865, the meetings were semi-monthly only, but by the 11th of March following, two more barrels were packed and forwarded to the Commission. The society then had thirty-eight members, and the secretary wrote : "There seems to be a lively, persevering interest manifested in its behalf. We have many a willing heart and hand to aid in this good cause."
It is but just, in writing of woman's work in our county during the war, to attribute much of its efficiency to the pecuniary aid furnished by the stronger sex. Indeed, in very many ways were we indebted to them, and in none more than as they made us feel their confidence in our success.
The greater part of the Fire Hill District contributed to the East Rush Society. Prior to Oct. 1864, Jessup had sent liberal supplies to the Montrose Aid, and also directly to soldiers, but no cash estimates were then made. But, aside from these, the cash donations from individuals, and from
APPENDIX - 615
the mite society, with the contributions to the G. C. Fair, and in material to the Jessup Aid, formed an aggregate value of $788.37. This was gathered in eighteen months, and from one of the smallest townships.
At the request of Miss S. M. Walker, Mrs. C. Poulson and daughter made the first effort towards an aid society in Dundaff, Oct. 1864. The latter, with several young girls, organized themselves into w committee of solicitation and raised $14, Mrs. P. called at nearly every house in the village, meeting, in almost every instance, with ready encouragement from the ladies, who met soon after at Miss Wells', preparatory to an organization.' This was fully effected, Oct. 21, 1864. with the following officers : Mrs. Sylvester Johnson, president; Mrs. A. Wilbur, Mrs. Bennet, Mrs. A. Phelps, Mrs. J. Hodge, Mrs. Slocum, vice-presidents ; Mrs. J. Slocum, secretary and treasurer. Cutting and packing committees were also appointed.
The labors of these committees in all societies were very arduous, and on this account, the members took them in turn, in most cases. At Dundaff they were permanent. Miss Sally Wells, Mrs. Phelps, Mrs. Lamoreaux, Mrs. J. Weaver, and Mrs. R. Phinney, being the cutting committee ; and Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Mills, Mrs. Dr. Reed, Mrs. Morris, and Miss Louisa Johnson, committee on packing.
A room over a store was prepared for the use of the society, and considerable interest was soon evinced by the people of the borough and vicinity. A Christmas supper given by the ladies netted $103.76. The gifts in poultry, etc., had been very liberal. From other sources $27.35 were received during the month, and the work progressed well through the winter; 1 firkin of butter, besides small packages; 1 firkin of pickles ; 1 barrel dried apples; 3 boxes, containing bedding, clothing, fruit—green, dried, and canned; 43 arm-slings and pads ; 2 jugs grated horse-radish (tearful eyes !); 21 "housewives" with towels, handkerchiefs, etc., and a variety of other articles for hospital use. The total estimate given, $161.35, is altogether too low.
The principal part of the butter was sent in the summer of 1865, $10 from Miss Walker being doubled in this investment. The money remaining in the treasury at the close of operations was given to a family in the place, the father of which had died in defence of the Union.
Brackney Soldiers' Aid was in operation late in 1864.
On the 27th of December the ladies gave an oyster supper at the house of Mr. William Gage, in Brackney, for the purpose of adding to their funds for carrying out the great work in which they had enlisted. They acknowledged the receipt of $51, as the avails of the supper, with thanks for the willingness of the people to contribute for the soldiers, adding, "We hope they will continue to sustain us in our undertaking, until there are no more sick and wounded soldiers to care for." Mrs. ISAAC GAGE was secretary.
Previous to this organization the ladies of Silver Lake had contributed to the Montrose Aid.
A society of this name, of which Mrs. D. H. Wade was president, reported November 4, 1864, as having sent $12.50 to the Sanitary Fair at Philadelphia, and to the Commission the following articles: 16 shirts, 8 pairs socks, 10 arm-slings, 2 feather pillows and cases, 2 hop-pillows, 1 bottle blackberry wine. 2 packages dried apples, 3 packages dried berries, and a quantity of bandages and lint.
616 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
After receiving, in December, 1864, a donation of $10 from the fund entrusted to Miss Walker, seven families of the neighborhood (quite in the northeast part of the town), assembled one evening in that month and resolved to double it and return in supplies to the Commission. Mrs. E. W. Hawley was chosen president, and Miss Lydia M. Stephens secretary. A sum of five or six dollars was subscribed at once, meetings were appointed semi-weekly, and each person attending was to pay ten cents to increase the fund. For want of other work the preparation of apples for drying was taken up. In January, 1865, we hear of them as engaged in making cotton shirts. In February following, the associate manager reports a visit to the society " with Rev. A. H. Schoonmaker, and some of the Montrose ladies, in S. Sayre's sleigh. The former addressed us ably, and a collection was taken up." This exhibits only one of the instances in which the reverend gentleman referred to served the soldiers' aid societies of the county, and where the associate manager was found cheering and encouraging feeble societies. Those organized late had been, in their individual members, for a long time contributors to the Montrose Aid or other societies. As an organization their contributions were estimated at $115.
February 25, 1865, this society organized, after having very materially aided the Montrose Society, and in the few months of their existence made a good record. From mite societies held in the neighborhood, they received $50 ; from Miss Walker's fund, $10, and from other sources nearly $10 more, during the first two months. They forwarded 1 firkin of pickles, 2 barrels potatoes, and 1 barrel containing 42 lbs. dried fruit, 1 peck green apples, 1 bottle horseradish, 9 comfort-bags, with 6 towels, needles, pins, thread, buttons, soap and combs; 3 pairs pantaloons, 4 pairs drawers, 3 pairs socks, 1 pair slippers, 6 shirts, 5 arm-slings, 14 handkerchiefs, 1 pillow, old muslin and reading matter.
Mrs. Naomi Barnes, pres. ; Mrs. A. Butterfield, Mrs. H. Vail, Mrs. E. C. Wells, and Misses Josephine Vail and Florence Atherton, vice-pres. ; Miss Emily H. Wells, sec. and treas.
The last mite society was held at the house of Mr. John F. Deans, July 20, 1865, and the avails were used for the purchase of provisions .for the lodges instituted by the Sanitary Commission for the benefit of our disabled and returning soldiers.
A special plea had previously been published
UNITED STATES SANITARY COMMISSION,
WOMEN'S PENNSYLVANIA BRANCH,
1307 Chestnut St., PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 25th, 1865.
To the Aid Societies and Individuals contributing to the Philadelphia Agency of the United States Sanitary Commission :—We wish to make an urgent appeal to you for aid in a work which we are sure will enlist all the sympathy of your hearts, and the earnest labor of your hands. By a recent arrangement of the work of the various branches of the Sanitary Commission, it has been made the duty of the Pennsylvania Branch to collect and forward all the supplies needed for our returned prisoners, who are now constantly arriving at Annapolis. They are coming to us from those terrible Southern prisons, starved and almost naked—many of them suffering from neglected wounds received on the day of their capture. Of all our noble soldiers, they deserve most of our grateful care. To the Pennsylvania Department has been given the honor of supplying the Sanitary Stores, for the relief of these poor victims of the rebellion.
Everything is needed. Clothing of all kinds, hospital slippers, towels, handkerchiefs, bandages, old linen and muslin in quantities, for dressing their wounds and sores ; delicacies of every description, pickles, dried fruit, domestic wines, apple butter, etc. To each one of our faithful allies in this blessed work we would say,—Will you send what your husband, your son, your brother
APPENDIX - 617
would require were he one of those living skeletons who are appealing to us for help ? We do not doubt your answer.
MARIA C. GRIER,
Chairman Executive Committee.
This proved a strong stimulus to all. " We shall work as if our fingers were winged," wrote one who had lost a precious brother in Andersonville prison ; and this was the feeling of many others throughout the county. One or two more societies sprang into existence (Lenox No. 2), and as follows :—
DISTRICT NO. 5, BRIDGEWATER.
Late in March, 1865, the " Grant Aid Society" was organized here, by electing Miss S. J. Harrington, president ; Mrs. C. F. Watrous, secretary; Mrs. S. Watrous and Mrs. G P. Wells, financial committee; and Mrs. M. L. Catlin and Mrs. Wells, cutting committee. Their first effort was to raise funds to buy oysters with which they gave a supper, April 7th following, and realized therefrom $83.25. This sum, with $10 from Miss Walker, enabled them to buy material for clothing. They met every Tuesday afternoon to make it up. Their last meeting was on June 27, '65, and the balance then in the treasury, $5.35, was given to a soldier's widow. Their funds had been less than $100, butt with this they sent to the W. P. B. of the Sanitary Committee the following articles : 50 shirts, 19 pairs drawers, 2 bed quilts, 18 comfort-bags, filled with needles, pins, thread, buttons, etc. • 2 pairs pillows, and 3 pairs cases; 2 pairs socks, 20 handkerchiefs, 6 pairs slippers, with 3 bbls. potatoes, 2 firkins of pickles, and a quantity of tea, sugar, coffee (un-weighed), popped corn, and reading matter. It may be safely said they doubled their capital ; and we have their own statement that they were happy in their work.
At Heart Lake, the ladies though not regularly organized, accepted $10 from Miss Walker's fund and doubled it in the purchase of butter, which they sent with three barrels of potatoes, and one barrel of dried fruit to the Sanitary Commission. Mrs. C. J. Curtis, Misses Cole and McCollum were efficient.
At last, the " cruel war was over," and the societies prepared to disband by the 4th of July, 1865. On that day a circular was issued by the Women's Pennsylvania Branch to the aid societies contributing to it, an extract from which is here given :—
" We thank you for your warm, earnest, and untiring co-operation, feeling that, if the Philadelphia Agency of the Sanitary Commission is able to look with grateful satisfaction upon results accomplished, the praise is largely due to you as faithful co-workers in this blessed ministry to the suffering. Our work is closing, dear friends, but shall we ever forget how our hearts have been knit together during its accomplishment? Our memories of these years will never perish. The sorrow and the agony cannot be forgotten ; but, like a rainbow upon the storm, we shall look back with ever-returning joy to the help we were enabled to give to that most noble of instrumentalities for good, whose work has been so vast and so beneficent—the United States Sanitary Commission.
MARTA C. GRIER,
" Chairman Executive Committee."
The Sanitary and Christian Commissions turned over to the American Freedman's Aid the stores remaining on hand.
THE WOMEN OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY IN ARMY HOSPITALS.
"Unfearing she walks, for she follows the Lord.—
How sweetly she bends o'er each plague tainted face,
With looks that are lighted with holiest grace I
How kindly she dresses each suffering limb,
For she sees in the wounded the image of Him I"
—From Gerald Griffin's Tribute to his Sister.
618 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
1. Miss Ellen E. Mitchell, of Montrose, went to Bellevue Hospital, May, 1861, and spent several weeks in preparation for the service of army nurse, under the auspices of the Ladies' Relief Association, New York city. In September following, she went to Union Hotel Hospital, Georgetown, D.C., for three months. January, 1862, she was sent by Miss Dix to St. Elizabeth Hospital, Washington, D. C., where she remained about six months, when she was called home by the death of her mother ; after a few weeks she returned to Washington, and from there was sent to Point Lookout, Md. Here her position was very trying, and, after two months she came back to Washington, and served successively in the Warehouse Hospital, the Catholic church, and Union Hotel (Miss Alcott's ward). When the last named hospital was finally broken up, Miss Mitchell went to Knight's Hospital, New Haven, Ct., for three months, after which she spent ten months in the Treasury Department, at Washington; still holding herself in readiness for Miss Dix's orders. These sent her to the battle at Fredericksburg, where she remained until the place was evacuated, and then came to Judiciary Square Hospital, serving here until the close of the war.
She afterwards studied medicine in the Female Medical College, New York, graduating in 1870; practised one year in the Infirmary there, after which she established herself as a physician at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, in the fall of 1871.
2. Miss Elizabeth Richards died in the service. [See Friendsville.]
3. Miss Laurie C. Gates, of Dimock, while a teacher to the freedmen at Lincoln Hospital, D. C., spent most of her leisure during fifteen months in voluntary service to the sick and wounded.
4. Miss Lydia A. Chamberlin, of Choconut, went to Columbian College Hospital, January 1, 1863. After three months there, she was sent to Knight's Hospital, where she remained until the following autumn, when she was obliged to come home to recruit. The next spring she went to Chester, Pennsylvania, performing hospital service a few weeks there, before she was sent to Chesapeake Hospital, Fortress Monroe. In August, she was called home, but returned to her post the following winter, and remained until August, 1865.
5. Miss Jane E. Bentley went, August, 1863, to Knight's Hospital, New Haven, and remained there until the following December, when she was sent by Miss Dix to Chesapeake Hospital, Fortress Monroe. Here she remained until August, 1865.
From September 4, 1866, she has occupied the position of matron in the Home for Orphan Children, at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
6. Mrs. Mary Wootton, of Montrose, went to Georgetown, D.C., September, 1863, as matron in the Volunteer Officers' Hospital. A year later, at Miss Dix's request, she occupied a similar position at Elmira, N. Y., to the close of the war.
WORK FOR THE FREEDMEN.
From the report made April 7, 1868, by Miss S. M. Walker, to the W. P. Branch of the American Freedmen's Commission, we copy the following:—
"Though many of our self-sacrificing people felt they had already given to the soldiers all that could be spared, yet the officers of their aid societies in Montrose and Dimock reorganized for the freedmen, eleventh month, 1865, in prompt response to an appeal from the W. P. B. and Am. F. Commission.
" An aid society was also formed by the colored women of Montrose, second month, 1866. These three were the only societies formed in aid of the freedmen, but several of the adjoining townships and Harford contributed liberally towards the consignments forwarded by these societies. Small remittances in money have been received from ten townships, in response to letters addressed to the faithful auxiliaries of the Sanitary Commission.
"11th month, 1866, our kind friend, L. G. Parrish, offered to support a
APPENDIX - 619
teacher from Susquehanna County with our assistance. Amount collected to the present time, $472.30."
Before the close of the school year, July, 1868, $47.52 were added, making $519.82.
As the teacher was engaged only five months of the first year, and four months of the second, her salary had been raised without Mrs. P.'s contribution; but the latter was needed for transportation, outfit, and incidental expenses. In the meantime a number of barrels of clothing had been forwarded to destitute freedmen, eight of which were from Dimock ; one box went from Uniondale—the remainder from Montrose.
Miss Walker became responsible, November, 1868, in behalf of Susquehanna County, for the support of one teacher two years. The amount collected and forwarded in that time was $748.68. This covered the salary for the number of months in which the teacher was actually engaged, and, with the sums contributed by the freedmen themselves, balanced the expenses of the Commission for Miss Chamberlin to July, 1870 ($1268.50).
In October, 1867, Miss Walker had been elected a vice-president of the W. P. Branch of the American Freedmen Commission; but, after three years' service, was obliged, by failing health, to resign her position, and also the responsibility of securing funds for the support of a teacher.
Hitherto the following townships had contributed : Bridgewater (with Montrose), Dimock, Choconut, Forest Lake, Silver Lake, Apolacon, Jessup, Springville, Auburn, Rush, Franklin, Great Bend, New Milford, Harford, Gibson, Jackson, Brooklyn, Lenox, Clifford, Herrick, and Ararat. If anything was done by the townships not mentioned, it was not through the American Freedmen's Commission, or has not been reported. It is believed that agents for the American Missionary Association took up collections for the freedmen in several parts of the county. From November 2, 1866, to January 1, 1872, the Montrose Aid alone had collected and forwarded $786.53, besides using $94.20 for material which the society made into clothing for destitute freedmen. With a small later contribution, the amount raised by the county for the freedmen, since November, 1866, independent of agents' collections, is about $1400.
TEACHERS TO THE FREEDMEN.
1. Miss Antoinette L. Etheridge, of Montrose, went to Beaufort, S. C., November, 1863, as teacher to the freedmen, under the auspices of the American Missionary Association. She remained in that vicinity until July, 1865, when she returned to the North. In the fall of 1866 she went to Fortress Monroe, taught four months, and was then sent to Augusta, Ga., where she taught four months before the summer vacation. In October, 1867, she went again to Fortress Monroe, and taught in that vicinity eight months; and, again, in the fall of 1868, remaining six months. Not long after her return home she engaged as teacher in the Orphans' Home at Wilkes-Barre ; but she was too much worn to endure the position, and left at the close of the first term. Early in January, 1871, she was once more with the freedmen in Amelia County, Va., and remained until the following July; in the fall she resumed her labors there, but, after the summer vacation of 1872, went to Wallingford Academy, Charleston, South Carolina.
2. Miss Laurie C. Gates was a teacher at Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D. C., from May, 1864, to July, 1865, under the auspices of the American Missionary Association.
3. Emily C. Blackman went to Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi, November, 1866, under the auspices of the Pennsylvania Branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission, and supported by the Church of the Epiphany, Philadelphia. Her school was opened in response to the call of a Southern gentleman, Dr. J. E. Tucker, for teachers for his former slaves. There were then five hundred and four negroes, young and old, under his
620 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
supervision, and of these more than three hundred received instruction from two, three, and, for A time, four teachers in day and night schools, and in Sabbath-schools nine months. The working force of the plantation was greatly reduced in the fall of 1867, but still a large school was kept up seven months, ending July 1,1868, when the writer returned to the North without the hope of resuming labors which had been at once the most arduous and the moat joyous of her life. Members of that school who first learned there to write the letters of the alphabet are now teaching, each with a salary of $50 per month ; others have passed an examination which has permitted their entrance into Alcorn University, Mississippi.
4. Miss Lydia A. Chamberlin, of Choconut, went to Okolona, May, 1867, under the above auspices, to take charge of a plantation school five miles distant from Dr. Tucker's, but she taught in the latter several weeks before her own school-house was ready. Her labors were transferred, after the first vacation, to a school opened February, 1868, in the city of Okolona, by the Pennsylvania Branch of the American Freedmen Union Commission. The salary of Miss C. was secured by the contributions of Susquehanna County and of the freedmen attending the school.
5. In the fall of 1868 she returned to the same school, accompanied by her sister, Miss Carrie E. Chamberlin. Both taught there until June, 1869, and each succeeding winter and spring until November, 1871, when they were transferred to the-school at Dr. 'Fucker's.
6. Miss Maggie S. Baldwin accompanied the Misses C. to their school at Okolona.
7. On the 1st of January, 1869, these ladies were joined by Miss Phebe E. Lewis. In December following the Misses Baldwin and Lewis took charge of the school at Dr. Tucker's, teaching until June, 1870, and resuming the same in the fall. They closed their labors there June, 1871.
SOLDIERS AND MILITARY MATTERS.
REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS WHO HAVE RESIDED IN SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY. -Asa Adams, at Bunker Hill ; Jedediah Adams. six and a half years in the war ; John Adams, lived to be 104 years old ; Ezekiel Avery, Benjamin Babcock, -- Babcock (Dimock), John Baker, Nathaniel Balcom, Joel Barnes, Nehemiah Barnes, Reuben Beebe, Amos Bennett, Elias Bennett, Abiel Bills, John Blaisdell, Nathan Brewster, Sr., in American and French Revolutions; Isaac Brown, — Brownson, Jonas Brush, Captain Ichabod Buck, Nathan Buel, Isaac Bullard, John Burnham, Joseph Button, Andrew Canfield, Captain Benjamin Case (Great Bend), Putnam Catlin, Benjamin Chamberlin, Daniel Chamberlin (Choconut), Moses Chamberlin, Wright Chamberlin (Gibson), Darius Cook, Ezekiel Cook, 0zem Cook, Henry Congdon, Dyer Crocker, John Darrow, Josiah Davis, Peter Dickey, Lieutenant David Dimock, Edward Dimmick, David Doolittle, Ezra Doty, Isaac Doud, Jonathan Edwards, John Eldred, James Eldridge, Stephen Ellis, Gabriel Ely, Pardon Fish, Simeon Foot, — Ford, Silas Fowler, — Fuller, Nathaniel Gates, George Gelatt, Asahel Gregory, Abner Griffis, Stephen Griffis, Timothy Hall, Israel Hewitt, Captain Bartlet Hinds, Dudley Holdridge, Seth Holmes, Garner Isbell, Joshua Jackson, Luther Kallam, Rufus Kingsley, drummer at Bunker Hill; Gershom F. Lane, Hezekiah Leach, Daniel Lawrence, Captain Luther Leet, Rufus Lines, Captain John Locke, of the Boston Tea Party, 1773; Ezekiel Maine, Nathan Maxon, Joseph McKune• Jesse Miles, — Miller, Josiah Mills, Almon Munson, Jonathan Newman, Patrick Nuang (?), Robert Nichols, Issachar Nickerson, David Olmstead. Hezekiah Olney, Thaddeus Peet, Joseph Potter, Captain Hazard Powers, Sr. (?), Henry Pruyne, Joseph Raynsford, John Renyolds, Simeon Reynolds, Caleb Richardson, Jonathan Ross, Isaac Rynearson, Bristol B. Sampson, Samuel Scott, Zerah Scott, Westol Scoville, Ichabod Seaver, Christian Shelp, David Sherer, Christopher
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Sherman, William Shufelt, Garrett Snedaker (N. Milford). Asahel South-well (?), — Staples, Captain Jarah Stephens, William Stephens, Nathaniel Stewart, Clement Sumner, Lawrence Tarpining, John Thatcher, Thomas Thatcher, Eseck Thayer, Joseph Thomas. Hosea Tiffany, Thomas Tiffany, Nathaniel Tower, Isaac Turrell. Moses Tyler, Elias Van Winkle, David Wakelee, Sylvanus Wade, Lemuel 'Wallbridge, Ephraim Warefield, Amos Webster, Jacob Wellman, Cornelius Westbrook, John Whitely. Enos Whitney, Thomas Williams, in American and French Revolutions, and lived to be 104 years old, dying in 1826 ; Barnard Worthing, Captain Samuel Wright, Simeon Wylie, Samuel Yeomans, Samuel Clark, Gideon Lyman. Total number, 140.
The earliest item found respecting military organizations in this section after its settlement, is the appointment by the governor, December, 1797, of Putnam Catlin as brigade inspector for Luzerne County. A year or two later, when it was feared the country was on the eve of a war with France, the inhabitants of this section were alive to the situation. In the Wilkes-Barre Gazette and Luzerne Advertiser,' about this time, appeared a.notice to attract the attention of " ambitious, spirited, and patriotic young men, tired of lounging about their fathers' houses, and who wish to exchange a life of tasteless indolence for that of glory," offering them a chance to join the army.
The first military movement within the limits of Susquehanna County appears to have been in 1806, when the first militia training was held at Parkevale. There is special mention of trainings there in 1807-8. In the spring of 1808, there was a " muster and inspection" at Joseph Chapman, Jr's. Thomas Parke was then colonel, and Walter Lyon major of the 129th Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia. In 1811, at a military election, William C. Turrel was chosen lieutenant-colonel ; Isaac Post and Asa Dimock, majors ; Elias Bell, Hezekiah Leach, Hiel Tupper, Amos Tiffany, Seth Mitchell, Fred. Bailey, John Bard, and Calvin D. Cobb were early captains in this regiment; and at some time, probably, Rufus Fish, Jeremiah Spencer, and Jabez A. Birchard.
The war of 1812 furnished practical reasons for military duty. An " Appeal to Patriots," published in the Luzerne County papers in 1813, offered a bounty of $16 (for an enlistment for three years), and three months' pay at $8 per month, with one hundred and sixty acres of land. Those who enlisted for only eighteen months received no land.
SOLDIERS OF " THE WAR OF 1812," who were then or afterwards residents in Susquehanna Couuty.—Colonel Fred Bailey, P. Turner Baldwin, Daniel Brewster, Billings Burdick, Calvin Corse, Gurdon Darrow, Zeph Eldred, S. B. Fessenden, Martin Hall, Jonathan Howard, Jesse Hale, David Hale, Nathaniel R. Locke, Joseph McKune, N. Norris, Major Isaac Post, A. H. Read (battle of Plattsburg), Enoch Smith, Luther Stanley, Ezra Sturdevant, d., Jonathan Treadwell, Wareham B. Walker, Samuel Wilson, Lieutenant. J. B. Worden. Jairus Lamb and Hosea Benson were " ordered to stand a draft"—nothing further appears. Total number, 26.
Complaint of taxes increased as hostilities continued. May, 1814, bounty was raised to $124, besides 160 acres. In the summer a call appeared in the Luzerne County papers (none were then established in Susquehanna County) for a meeting immediately after court, 23d August, at Edward Fuller's, " friendly to a restoration of peace or a more vigorous prosecution of the war."
The burning of the Capitol at Washington stimulated militia organizations. At a militia election in the summer of 1814, Fred. Bailey was elected colonel, Joseph Burgess, lieutenant-colonel; J. Slocum, and Benjamin Lathrop, majors.
Isaac Post was appointed inspector of 2d Brigade. From his diary we learn that, October 23,1814, he received orders for marching the militia, and set out for Wilkes-Barre on the 24th. Arrived at Danville, Pa., Nov. 1; with detachment of militia on the 13th; received orders to halt 19th; to
622 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
dismiss the detachment 21st; the whole discharged 24th and 25th same month." Colonel F. Bailey accompanied this expedition. It was held up to ridicule, while the militia were waiting for their pay until April, 1819, and afterwards, for its fruitlessness. Ezra Sturdevant, drafted from Harford or New-Milford, was left sick at Danville, died, and was buried with military honors. It is laughingly asserted that Major Post brought back one hand-rifle and one tin camp kettle as the spoils of this expedition.
After the war the old organization died out, and the 76th Regiment appears to have taken its place. Walter Lyon and Joseph Washburn were majors of this regiment, and Austin Howell, Job Tyler (afterwards colonel), Daniel Lathrop, and John Comfort, captains. In 1819, Daniel Lathrop was elected lieutenant-colonel of the same. I. Post declined a re-election as brigade inspector, and Samuel Thomas was chosen in 1823. The 2d Brigade, 8th Division, was composed of the 2d Regiment, Luzerne County, the 76th in Susquehanna, and the 70th in Wayne. Colonel Aden Stevens had command very early of a regiment composed of Bradford and Susquehanna men. At some time Francis Fordham was colonel of the 76th Regiment.
Luman Ferry was captain of an independent volunteer company formed in 1816. Several similar companies sprang up, among which we find the Harford Artillery, Captain Asahel Sweet, and also Obadiah Carpenter; a Rifle Company at Great Bend, Captain Jonathan Treadwell; the Choconut Infantry, Captain Goodsell ; the Bridgewater Yeomanry Guards, Captain Benjamin Sayre, and later, Bela Jones, A. C. Luce, and Horace Smith; the Brooklyn Infantry and the New Milford Infantry, Captain Seth Bisbee; the Montrose Artillery, Captain H. J.. Champion; the Susquehanna Troop, of which Fred. Stephens was orderly-sergeant, and Samuel Gregory, Hyde Crocker, Samuel Bard, captains; Montrose Rifle Grays, David Francis, captain; Springville Rifle Company, and Captain Canfield's Infantry (Middletown ?).
In 1824, nine companies united to form the 126th Volunteer Regiment, William Jessup, colonel; Saxa Seymour, lieutenant-colonel; B. Jones, adjutant; Stephen S. Jewett, and Simon S. Chamberlin, majors. For a few years succeeding military trainings were great occasions. Then came a lull, a sort of disrepute, while the question of temperance was prominent in the public mind. But the country was awake to the interests of the patriots of the revolution, and many availed themselves of the benefits of acts of Congress on their behalf.
In 1837, there was a revival of military matters. Colonel D. D. Warner was elected brigadier-general. Mention is made of the 76th and 136th Regiments-4 battalions; the Washington Guards, and Northern Guards Volunteer battalions, and 70th Regiment-2 battalions, Wayne County—with which Susquehanna was connected.
May, 1852, the Montrose Artillery procured a cannon.
SOLDIERS OF THE UNION ARMY, 1861-'65.
"An army composed of American citizens cannot be all generals, or captains; and although we may admire the skill and prowess of a great and successful leader, yet the humblest private in the ranks, who performs his duty as a faithful soldier—facing every danger with an undaunted heart, dedicating his best energies, and even life itself, to the service of his country—is as much a hero as the highest in command. He is equally entitled to the thanks and gratitude of his people; for, while his rewards are much less, his sacrifices and privations are usually far greater."—From an address delivered on the Fourth of July, 1870, at Montrose, Pa., by WM. M. Post, Esq.
[Abbreviations. The letter d signifies died 4 knit irjvice, or in consequence of it ; w, wounded ;
ARARAT.—Andrew J. Archer, Geo. W. Archer, Thomas J. Archer, David Avery, Eli L. Avery, George Avery, w., Nathan P. Avery, d., Samuel C.
Avery, Thomas Avery, w., Porter Avery, Thomas Beaumont, Arthur E. Blockham, w. d., Thomas S. Bowell, Danford Burman, David Burman, d., George H. Burman, Henry I. Bushnell, w., Theo. W. Doyle, Wm. 0. Doyle, Peter N. Dunn, Archibald Foster, Erastus R. Foster, Pardon Hill, Elgeroy Hill, Isaac Hine, d., Luther Hine, Judson J. Perrington, Fred. M. Tennant, John H. Tooley, E. D. Tyler. w, John 'I'. Walker, d., Luman Washburn, d., A. B. Williams, Sherman Williams, Albert Wood, d. Total number, 35.
AUBURN.—E. L. Adams, John Anderson (a prisoner eight months), Charles Avery, Amos Baker, Henry Baker, Horace Baker, Jos. Barber, Joseph G. Beeman, Stephen C. Beeman, Benjamin H. Boughton, w. d., Levi T. Bray, w.. George Brotzman. w., Isaac Brotzman, d., John Bullock, Jr., Lyman Bullock (? emerg.), A. P. Bump, D. L. Bump, d., Lt. Aaron Bonne!, Owen Cadden, Henry N. Capwell, A. B. Carrier, Asa Carlin, N. Canfield, Mulford Carter, U. S. N., Benjamin Carter, Hiram Carter, Levi Chamberlain, George Cool, George Cooley, Charles 0. Cole, Edw. S. Coggswell (lost an arm), Aaron Coggswell, d., Hampton Conger, John Conrad, Ithamer Conrad, Henry Corey, d., L. L. Corse, John Cox, Alpheus Crawford (lost an arm), Charles Crawford, d., C. E Davis, Thomas Davis, Alex. Devitt, McKendry Elliott, John Filen, Ransom W. Ford, John Finney, George France, Geo. S. Frink, Charles Fuller, D. 0. Fuller, Calvin S. Gay, w., Tredway K. Gay, d., Lt. James P. Gay, John W. Green, John Groo (?), Capt. John Guile, Aaron Hull, k., John Harris, E. M. Hollenback, d., (Ezekiel Hollenback 1) Wm. Holley, John Wesley Hotel, d., William Hotel, Anson B. Hyde, Austin Hyde, Lt. Urias F. Hollenback, d., E. F. Jacoby, Andrew Jackson, Fred. Jackson, Harry N. Kellogg, w., A. B. Kennedy, Richard V. Kennedy, (lost an arm), Marshall Knowles, d., John W. Knowles, Keeney Lathrop, Horatio U. Loomis. Jared Lillie, Earl Love, George Lyon, Herman Lyon, Wilbur Lyman, Lt. M. L. Lacey, Dana Lafrance, Jason Lemon, Leander Lott, Daniel C. Lowe, Benjamin Lowe, J. C. Lowe, Leander Lowe, George Main, Albert Maricle, d., Patrick Malone, Benjamin Marshall, Charles Marshall, John Mannering, Hamilton McMicken, Nelson McMicken, Wesley McMicken, k., Nelson Ming, Samuel McLain, Danford Newton. Matthias C. Oliver, Paul Overfield, J. B. Overfield, w., Wm. H. Peet, A. L. Picket, Abraham G. Potter, d., J. C. Rifenberry, J. L. Rilenberry, (James ?), Philip Rifenberry, John Ralston, Peter Rowe, Benjamin Seely, Mallery Seely, H. Seely, Joel B. Sherwood, J. Shannon, d., Andrew Shoemaker, k., William Shoemaker, John Show, Denmark Smith, d., Davis C. Smith, Daniel Smith, d., John L. Smith. John Strunk. d., William Strunk, k., Terrence Smith, Julian Stillwell, Paul 0. Stillwell, Henry Sumne (Sumner ?) Jackson Swisher, W.B. Simpson, (Rush ?) B. L. Taylor, John G. Taylor, William Taylor, Lt. A. D. Tewksbury. MD., Emmet Tewksbury, Wm. J. Thornton, Joshua Thornton, Lt. H. C. Titman, k., Elias Titman, D. C. Titman, Jacob Titman, Philip 'Pitman, Davis Transue, Moses Treible, Peter Treible, A. S. Vanscoten, George Vanscoten, Marshall H. Vanscoten, w., David Voss, Amos Warner, John Warner, Sidney Warner, Joseph W ilber, Martin Wiles, Warner Wiles, A. V. Williams, John Williams, Ira Winans, Chauncey Wright, Daniel Yonker, H. L. Youngs, d., Wesley L. France, Henry W. Brown. Total number, 167.
BROOKLYN.—Charles G. Adams, d., J. W. Adams, E. P. Bailey, L. M Baldwin, Asa Benjamin, d., James Benjamin, Lyman Benjamin, Charles Berthwick, Leander Brooks, W. H. Brookins, C. M. Chapman, Wm. Culver, A. 'I'. Dewitt. J. M. Dewitt, A. J. Dickerson, d., G. N. Doolittle, W. H.. Doolittle, Harrison Pond, W. H. Eldridge, J. Henry Ellis, H. C. Fairchild (State Guard), Wm. Fish, Edw. P. Gardiner, d. (Gibson), Samuel Gard, Lyman E. Giles, d., M. J. Goodrich, Edward Goss, Zachariah Goss, Win. H. Gray, A. A. Hempstead, John Hempstead, d., Preston '1'. Hollister, E. A. Kent; w., Richard II. Kent, k., Christian Kerr, P. Frederick Lindsley, G. C. Mack, L.
624 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
P. Mack, Chester McKinney, d., A. M. Murray, Wm. H. Nott, Edward Oakley, Joseph Oakley, W. R. Page, Charles Penny, George Rolph, d., Charles Reynolds, d., J. L. Reynolds, J. N. Reynolds, d., Oscar Reynolds, Charles Richards, Joseph Richards, Lemuel Richards, Edwin Rogers, d., John M. Roper, Benjamin Saunders, Perry D. Saunders, k., James Slade, James Smith, Jas. N. Smith, Hiram J. Snyder, Geo. E. Stage, Wallace Stedman, Fred. Stephens, k. (Auburn ?), Henry Tewksbury, J. W. Tewksbury, Chris. Thayer, Alson Trip, d., John Tiffany, Wm. H. Tripler, Marcus De L. Underwood, Ansel Vergerson, d., N. J. Vergerson (Ferguson ?), Courtwright Vanauken (State Guard), John Vanauken, d., Sidney Vanauken, Edgar Williams, k., Benjamin Williams, Daniel Wilcox, d., William White, Adney Whitford, d., Lester Wright, d. Total number, 81.
BRIDGEWATER.—H. Allen, Ashmun C. Ayres (N. Milford ?), Lt. Bicknell B. Atherton, Samuel Backus, H. S. Baldwin, Joshua A. Bailey, Charles Bookstaver, Wilbur S. Benjamin, Adelbert Corwin, 7c., Gilbert Corwin, k., David Cool, Oscar B. Darrow, George E. Dutcher, Jonathan M. Eckert, Wallace J. Foster, Charles C. Frink, Jonathan F. Gardner, Sergt. Geo. A. Guernsey, pris., Edward S. Howell, d., F. Holbrook, George W. Hewitt, Joseph Kanaway, (Jessup ?), Joseph Jameson, A. B. Galloway, Franklin M. Kent, Henry Lester (Jessup ?), Charles McKenzie, k., Chas. H. Stone, Wm. A. Perkins, Charles Perkins, James A. Peasley, Charles E. Sines, d., John H. Sodan, Wentz P. Snedaker, Alfred J. Stephens, Frederick Stark, d., Wm. H. Stark, Henry Sweet, Wm. C. Trumbull, lost an arm, Andrew 0. Tyler, Lt. Logan 0. Tyler, k., Wm. S. Vanorsdale, Theodore F. Warner, k., Ansel Warner, Byron R. Wade, Jerome Wade, Maj. John W. Young, Eli Eastman. Total number, 48.
Minute men, of 1862 and '63: Judson Beach, Augustus Darrow, Lewis Dutcher, Charles Fessenden, Mark Hunter, Cassius Johnson, Edson Mott, James M. Sprout, Chandler Stephens, C. F. Watrous. Total number, 10.
CLIFFORD.—Charles R. Berry, George W. Brownell, John Carpenter, James Coleman, Benton Coleman, Mordecai H. Doud, James C. Decker, Capt. Wm. G. Graham, Frank E. Hull, George Hull, Thad. W. Hunter, John H. Hunter, William J. Lewis, Redmond C. Miller, d., Samuel R. Miller, George Patton, Peter Patton, Zenas Rounds, Eliab Stage, d., Charles M. Truesdail, Julian E. Whitman (?). Total number, 21.
Dimock.—Albert J. Ainey (emerg.), Lieut. P. E. Brush (surgeon), E. L. Blakeslee, Orin Blakeslee, J. G. Blakeslee, d., Lewis Blakeslee, Serg. Isaac G. Babcock, Miner Bailey, J. Barber, d., Charles Bolles, J. Bolles, k., Jasper Bolles, d. at Andersonville, Wm. Burdick, P. Birch, w. d., W. Bloom, George D. Carney, Henry D. Carney (Bridgewater ?), James W. Carrier, Myron Carrier, d., Scott Carrier, d., George Chrisman, J. Cokeley, — Cokeley, P. Daley (Friendsville ?), H. H. Dougherty, James Dougherty, k., Mason Fargo, Corp. F. Fargo, M. Hinkley, Wm. Hinkley, d., E. Hawley, D. Hawley, Thomas Hickok, D. Higley, E. L. Gardner, d., Charles Griswold, King Griswold, J. A. Giles, Prentiss A. Gavitt, d. in hospital, James Gavitt, Charles Gavitt, d. in Southern hospital, Capt. E. B. Gates, w., leg amp., pris., W. E. Gates, N. H. Gates, pris. at Andersonville ten months, Harlan W. Gates, Corp. A. P. Gates, E. F. Gates, Wm. S. Gates, Serg. Parker J. Gates, w. twice, injured for life, Charles S. Gates, pris. at Salisbury five months, Wm. H. Gray, do., Lieut. A. Larne, Wm. Lawrence, w., injured for life, pris., Edwin
Lathrop, Eugene Lathrop, Z. Lathrop, Albert M ilea, R. Miles, Lieut. T. P. Mills, A. Mitchell (Rush ?), Henry Mowers, d., Henry Mock, Geo. Newton, pris. at. Salisbury, Z. O. Newton, Lieut. Wm. Parke, Sol. Parks, d., H. Penny, Capt. S. L. Richards, P. W. Riley, w. Corp. H. Roberts, C. Stephens, d., George W. Smith, pris., Terry Sheen, d., Wm. Smith, A. Stage, d., R. Stage,
APPENDIX - 625
d., Tunis Springer, Frank D. Stephens, H. V. Thompson (minute), Mason Tingley, Wm. Underhill, k.. Levi Uptagrow, k., Geo. Williams, John Williams, L. H. Woodruff, Jr., John Young, w. d. Robert Service (or Zerfass ?), Alfred B. Tingley, Riley W. Blakeslee (emergency men). Total number, 89.
DUNDAFF.—Paul Bariger, w., Urbane Badger (Gibson ?), Geo. E. Bennett, H. F. Bennett, Ebenezer Brownell, Charles Coil, James Coil, John Coil, Thomas Coil, George Goodrich, k., Nathaniel Goodrich, George Potter, Joseph Pruner, George Simpson, Jerome Slocum. Lloyd Slocum, k., Merrit Slocum, George Stark, Edgar Weaver, William Witter, d. a prisoner, H. C. Yarrington. Total number, 21.
FOREST LAKE.—Frank Angell, Robert Booth, Myron Bradshaw, Isaac Giffin, Daniel Hawse, Henry Jenner, Ezra P. Lester, William Lepper, Calvin L. Lincoln, Joshua P. Miller, Alonzo Mott, John M'Coy, Martin Perigo, E. L. Rhinevault, Fred. Scribner, Wm. A. Southwell, Edward B. Slawson, Wm. B. Southwell, Charles Small, Vanness Small, George B. Strange, James Leman 'l'urrell, M. S. Towne, Asa Warner, Stanley B. Warner, John W. White, Warren T. White, H. R. West, Charles A. West, Charles E. Webster. The foregoing all belonged to Capt. Morris's company. Nineteen others, it is said, went from Forest Lake, and among them Gardner Taylor, Alanson Wright, Miles D. Baldwin, Judson L. Cornell; but no other names have been furnished. Totai number, 31+19=50.
FRANKLIN.—E. L. Beebe, Lyman Beebe, d., Walter L. Beebe, Ferd. Bolles, C. D. Bryant, A. S. Burrows, James Cromwell, k., John Cromwell, draft., Jacob Delamater, k., Ambrose Disbrow, Jesse Disbrow, Charles Gary, Samuel Hill, Stiles Jacobus, Samuel Keeler, Sumner E. Lines, k., Joseph Maryott, draft., E. J. Messenger, Henry N. Pierson, d., Jacob W. Palmer, permanently crippled, Augustus Smith, John Snow, draft., Daniel F. Stillwell, k., S. L. Stillwell, A. E. Stockholm, George Stockholm, J. J. Stockholm, Theodore Todd, d., Benj. J. Vance, William Ward, k., Edward Watson.Minute Men: J. M. Fisk, O. H. Summers, Alonzo Todd, Lewis Todd. Stillman Fuller was employed by government as an overseer on a cotton plantation; Mrs. Lydia Fuller went as teacher. Total number, 31+4=35.
FRIENDSVILLS.—Oscar Caswell, H. Cook, Andrew Ferry, Frank E. Foster, J. W. Glidden, Archie H. Horton, W. W. Horton, C. L. Leet, Dr. N. Y. Leet, surgeon, Silas Light (Middletown?), Orin Emory Lester,¹ Harlan Wesley Lester, Thomas Matthews, Michael Mooney, John Mooney, G. W. Power, Geo. W. Rice, Philip Ryan, Frank P. Ryan, M. Spafford, F. Russel. (In 1862, Friendsville had never had over 45 voters.) Total number, 21.
GIBSON.—G. S. Ames, d., N. C. Austin, Myron Barnes, Wm. Barnes, Rufus Barnes, W. H. H. Bennett, Geo. W. Bennett, w., James Barton, d., Jonathan Barrager, Simeon Barrager, Theodore Barrager, Wm. Barrager, Farris Blanchard, d., Moses Brewer, Adjt. Elisha B. Brainerd, Corp. Wm. P. Brainerd, d., Henry Card, Dan. Carpenter, Lieut. T. Leroy Case. Lieut. Albert Capron, Dr. James C. Card, assist. surgeon, d., Lieut. Wm. N. Chamberlin, w., Wm. T. Chandler, B. F. Chamberlin, Nelson D. Coon, S. S. Coon, Martin Conrad, Geo. W. Conrad, Michael Conrad, Wm. S. Conrad, d., Henry Coil, Isaac P. Corey, John M. Corey, James H. Corey, d. the day
¹ Ezra P. Lester is claimed also by Friendsville ; he is one of Ave brothers who served in the war and "never received a scratch." Orin was in twenty-seven engagements, was never sick, was always on duty, was at Antietam, and the taking of Richmond.
- 40 -
626 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
after reaching home from Andersonville, Sergt. James M. Craft, Nelson Dickey, James Daniels, Wm. Doud, George Denney, d., G. T. Davis, Lieut. James H. Dony, Jason E. Fargo, G. M. Felton, Charles Felton, C. W. Gelatt, d., Albert Griggs, k., James N. Griggs, Edward Gardner, k., J. T. Halstead, James Hobart, Elias S. Harding, John S. Howell, Pardon Hill, Ord. Sergt. Charles M. Holmes, d., James A. Keach, Thomas Kelley, H. J. Kelley. Eseck Kelley, Asa Kinne, d., George Lagier, S. A. Lake, Wm. Lee, B. B. Maples, E. B. Maxon, David P. Maynard, Q. M. Sergt. Matthew McPherson, k., Lawrence Manzer, Milton Mapes. C. S. Maxon, d. (probably killed), Ebenezer Owens, d. at Andersonville, Henry J. Pickering, Wm. Pickering, Henry D. Pickering, John Robinson, F. F. Rogers, Charles Roper, John Resseguie, Geo. T. Rezeare, Serg. Geo. R. Resseguie, w., Charles Rendall, Serg. Augustus J. Roper, k., John L. Riker, Q. M. Sergt. Raymond S. Scott, Urbane Stoat, Olney F. Sweet, J. E. Shepardson, Griffin G. Stark, Byron Steenback, Lewis Steenback (Jackson?), Milo Spencer, d. of w., Ebenezer Stanton, G. C. Tanner, Byron Tennant, E. G. Tennant, Charles Taylor, Freeman Taylor, John F. Taylor, Albert Townshend, d., J. 0. Tripp, Charles H. Tripp, w., Henry M. Tiffany, d., John I. Travis, k., Darius Walker, Francis M. Walker, James M. Warner, Charles M. Wells, Henry Washburn, Frank Whitmarsh, Wm. H. Whitmarsh, Harlan Whitney, d, Chester W. Whitney, Solomon Williams, A. N. Wood, Albert R. Woodward, Elmer Writer.
Minute Men in 1863, not including some of the above: Elisha Bailey, E. 1'. Bailey, U. B. Gillett, Henry Ingalls, Jack Low, Victor P. Low, Albert B. Payne, Frank D. Russel, Corp. Gilbert R. Stiles, Geo. B. Tiffany, Lieut. Charles A. Ward, Duane Whitney. Total number, 115+12=127.
GREAT BEND TOWNSHIP (IN 1862).—Newell Ackerman, George Adams, Chauncey Baker, Rensselaer Barber, Alex. Bennett, Edwin A: Bennett, Harlow Blessing, John A. Brown, Josiah Brown, John H. Burley, Benjamin Buchannon, Joseph Crandall, Isaac Crissell, Joseph Crissell, Jourdan Crissell, Wm. H. Crissell, 0. T. Conklin, George Clark, Ezekiel Davis, George Davis, Lieut. R. C. Du Bois (reg. army), George E. Ellis, Horton Ellis, Lorenzo Flint, Alberti 0. Fox, John Gaffney, Uriah Gates, George E. Hall, M. L. Hall, Charles Hawkins, John Holmes, Cyrus thighs, George Hughs, Lafayette Hughs, George H. Hurlburt, Henry Kenyon, Daniel Losaw, Julius F. Loomis, William Lockwood, Thomas Lummerton, Wm. D. Lusk, Henry Melody, Jr., Legrand Marshall, Luman S. Millius, d., Joseph Morris, A. P. M'Creary, G. M'Creary, James 0. Munroe, William Murphy, James S. Oster-bout, John Osterhout, Jr., William Pennel, Henry Randall, Henry Ramsdall, Ambrose Ransom, John Searine, Simeon Skinner, Hiram Stoddard, Elisha M. Skinner, George W. St. Clair, Frank Tafe, George Tafe, Melvin Trowbridge, Oscar Trowbridge, Robert Taylor, James C. Taylor, William Van-netten, John Vanway, Jacob Vanauken, Sidney Van Valkinburgh, W. H. Wilmot, Emory Wilber, L. S. Woodward.
From the Borough: Jackson B. Ferris, k., Geo. A. Wilson. [Probably many more.] Total number, 75.
HARFORD.—Alva Adams. Corp. Edwin F. Adams, d., J. Blake Adams, w., Lawris Adams, Dr., Wm. Alexander, surgeon, Wm. Bernard, Merrit Blackington (emergency), Herbert Blanding, Warren Birchell, d. of w., Henry D. Brewster, Samuel 'I'. Brewster, d., Josiah Belknap, Charles Bryant, Cyrus Carpenter, Wm. N. Cowley (emergency), Wm. T. Carpenter, Merrit Coffin, Azarias L. Daniels (Lenox ?), Jefferson Daniels, Addison Dimock, Russell Darrow, Corp. Asa Decker, Henry Esterbrooks, Du Bois Freer, d., Dr. G. M. Gamble, surgeon, Leonard Gow, Wm: Gow, d., Lee Greenwood, Porter L. Green, d., John Halstead, Corp. Charles S. Halstead, Richard Halstead, Joseph Halstead, James C. Harding, Elijah Harding,
APPENDIX - 627
John Hobbs, Edward F. Hawley. d. after a year at Andersonville, Henry H. Hamilton, Seymour C. Halstead, Capt. Nelson Hawley, Leslie E. Hawley, George W. Lamb. Roscoe S. Loomis, d. of w., Benjamin Lewis, Nathan Lewis, Streeter Lewis, Linus Moore,Hiram Oakley, Andrew Orsman, George L. Payne. Wm. A. Payne, E. R. M. Percy, George W. Potter, Edgar Price, Wm. H. Patterson, Arthur Price, Chauncey Price, David Price, d., Theron Palmer, Collins Peck, Harvey Rice, k., Lyman E. Richardson, Mason Richardson, Wm. Rogers, Braton L. Seeley, Charles L. Seeley, Wm. T. Spencer, James R. Spencer, Wm. Seamans, Egbert Sinsabaugh, Sergt. Henry M. Stearns, w., Charles A. Stearns, Capt. Abel '1'. Sweet, Corp. Foster F. Sweet, George M. Sweet, d. of w.. Alonzo Tiffany (also, Dr. A. Tiffany), Amos V. Tiffany, Edmund Tiffany, Willis W. Tiffany, Volney W. Tiffany, k., Judson Tiffany, Cyrus A. Tiffany, Edwin Thatcher, Coleman E. Thatcher, Charles Tingley, Duane L. Tyler, Henry Tupper, k., Orlando Watrous, Capt. D. Everett Whitney, Henry Whitney, Dallas Watson, Russell Waterman, Thomas Way. d. prisoner, Vester Wilmarth, Wesley S. Wilmarth, Willard W. Wilmarth, Christopher C. Wilmarth, d. of w., Frederick Wilmarth, Lieut. Henry G. Williams, John M. Williams, d., E. S. Jackson. Total number, 102.
HARMONY.—Charles Atwell, Elijah Atwell, k., Lucius C. Atwell, d., Paul Atwell, Edward P. Bagley, Daniel P. Bagley, George Backus, Noah Bisbee, lost a leg, Henry Brandt, d., Harvey Bryant, Lieut. James Buckley, James Cargill, Isaac L. Comfort, John R. Comfort, Thomas V. Cook, Frederick Coss, Marshall A. Coss, Edward Cunningham, k., Ira Finch, John L. Fuller, Charles Gates, (Jackson?) Hobart Haines, Warren Haines, Benjamin Hawley, Nelson R. Henderson, Miner R. Hill, Henry H. Hobart, Alonzo Hoof, Warren Hunt, k., Alexander Ives, Benjamin C. Kidder, John Kipfer, Silas W. Lacey, Wm. C. Lacey, John D. Leary, Henry K. Marks, Charles Mayo, Oren Mayo, d., Nelson P. Mayo, Herman Meyer, d., Nelson McIntosh, Gilbert E. McKune, Thomas Murphy, Edward F. Newell, Thomas J. Nicholson, Capt. Perez L. Norton, Thaddeus Odell, George W. Palmer, Daniel C. Patrick, prisoner at Andersonville, John H. Patrick, Oren Patrick, k., Julius G. Perkins, Lewis L. Perkins, k., George Pettis, George E. Pooler, Ira A. Pooler, k., James L. Pruyn, k., Ichabod S. Read, John J. Remmele, Amasa Resseguie, d., Adelbert B. Robinson, Henry J. Robinson, Leander Robinson, Silas C. Rood, d., August Schweckendick, d., Milton Sellick, Wm. H. Sellick, Aaron L. Shew, Ezra H. Shew, Jeremiah Shriver, Lorenzo D. Spafford, Isaac F. Storer, Ira Tewksbury, k., Elmer Tiel, George B. Ticknor, k., Albert G. Townsend, d., Maj. Frank W Tremain, k., Calvin Utter, Abram Walker, Charles Walker, k., lanthus Walker, Edgar Watrous, d., John H. Webb, Oren P. White, d., George W. Whitney, John 0. Whitney, Roderick B. Whitney, d., Daniel C. Winters, Marvin O. Writer.
Minute men, not including some of the above : Jerome A. Chase, Nelson R. Comfort, Lieut. H. G. Hotchkiss, Lyman Mayo, Rensselaer McFarland, L. W. Scott, John D. Shutts, James 0. Taylor, Bennett Wakeman. Total number, 89+9=98.
HERRICK.—Jackson Bass, d., Erastus Bennett, L. M. Bunnell, Capt. Ira N. Burritt, Lieut.-Col. Loren Burritt, A. B. Burns, S. Carpenter, Z. Carpenter, Alva Cory, Enos Cory, Warren Cory, Augustus Dart, d., Clark Reed Dart, d. at Andersonville, L. M. Dart, Norton Dart, A. Dimmick, E. Dimmick, Stephen Ellis, d., J. Gardner, k., L. Kishbaugh, Matthew McPherson, I. Myers, Isaac Rankin, Robert Ridge, C. R. Stewart, Stanley Stewart, H. Wayman, J. J. Williams, J. Wilmarth. Total number, 29.
JACKSON.—Gustavus S. Ames, Leroy Aldrich, Moses B. Aldrich, Luther L. Barrett, Hollis A. Barrett, Geo. W. Barrett, Elias Barrett, Alonzo Barrett, Wallace B. Barrett, Sabin Barrett, Livingston Brooks, k., Albert Bald-
628 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
win (New Milford ?), B. F. Barnes, Frank Barnes, Stephen Barnes, Charles Belcher, Oscar Belcher, Manzer L. Benson, P. K. Benson, Austin Benson, Geo. W. Brink, Elmer Brown, J. W. Brown, Murray Brown, Zachary Brown, J. M. Bronson, 0. Bryant, Newton Bryant, David L. Bryant, Horace Burchell, Urbane Burchell, Lieut. A. D. Corse, Lieut. U. S. Cook, Geo. Cook, James E. Curtis, John Curtis, Wheaton Denney, Burton Dix, George Dix, Adelmer Daughty, Daniel D. Duren, C. H. Easterbrooks, Dwight Easterbrooks, Elijah Easterbrooks, Eliab F. Eastman, Willard Easterbroks, Whitmore Easter-brooks, E. A. French, George H. French, Edson M. French, Smith L. French, Sylvester L. French, Myron French, Merritt C. French, Edgar M. Foster, Luman Foster, Victor Foster, Enoch FOX, d., Maynard Gates, Lewis Gates, Theo. Galloway, E. T Galloway, lost a leg, A. M. Griggs, Daniel L. Gregory, Warren S. Gregory, Jerome Houghton, Elliott Harris, Lucus Hall, Urbane Hall, Ellgeroy Hill, P. Houghtalin, Wm. H. Lake, Charles Lake, Velosco Lake, Daniel Lane, Alfred W. Larrabee, Emery Larrabee, Hartley Larrabee, Benj. H. Larrabee, L. D. Larrabee, Monroe J. Larrabee, Melvin Larrabee, Wesley Larrabee, Windsor Larrabee, Oscar Larrabee, Truman G. Larrabee, Edwin A. Leonard, Velosco Leonard, John Lockard, Jonas Mason, N. M. Martin, Elva Matteson, Orrin Matteson, Daniel Miller, Fred. Miller, Darius Marsh, Silas Marsh, Charles McIntire, Joseph Moore, Seymour McVeigh, Michael J. Mulvey, Wm. H. Norris. Edwin C. Perry, Hermon I. Potter, Victor Potter, Warren Pickering, Amasa N. Rounds, k., Amos Round, James H. Scott, David Smith, Elliott Shepherdson, Charles Slater, Lewis Steenback, Nelson Steenback, Paul Steenback, W., J. Steenback, Alvin Strickland, H. H. Strickland, Joseph Strickland, Fred. Slocum, Curtis Tanner, Bernard Tiffany, Lines W. Tiffany, Henry W. Tyler, Lieut. Amos Tucker, Myron Wheaton, Marble Wells, H. L. West, Benjamin West, Delos Washburn, Velosco Washburn, W. -S. Wells (?), H. S. Wells, d. in Richmond prison, H. M. Wells, Jr., (?) Patrick Yoliher. Total number, 135.
JESSUP.—Geter Aney, w., prisoner, d. at Andersonville, Nicholas Aney, Peter Aney, lost a leg, Amos B. Baldwin, prisoner ten months, Levi S. Blaisdale, do., Sergeant Alanson W. Bissell, d., Albert Birchard, k., Benj. 0. Bertholf, Harvey '1'. Castle, Jacob Cartwright, Wm. Coggswell, d., Chas. Crofut, Patrick Crow, Hiram Cypher, Jerre Cypher, Chas. Darrow, Nelson Davis, d., Cyril Depue, k., John Depue, David L. Dewers, m. B. Downer, d., A. J. Drake, Daniel W. Drake. Geo. Drake, John Drummings, (Drummond ?), k., Geo. Eckart, k., Zenas Farnham, James Faurot, Francis Fuller (?), Frank Goddard, William Gray (?), Wm. H. Gray, Theodore Gunn, Sylvester Gurney, James Harris, Isaac Hart, Wm. Hart, Wm. Hewitt, James Hillis, d. in Libby Prison, Cyrus C. Howe, E. B. Howe, Nathan L. Howe, k., Nelson Kelsey, Samuel Kelsey, Newton Lane, S. F. Lane, Chas. Light, Charles W. Lung, John Labar, k., Elvin Maynard, k., Henry Maynard, John Maloney, Calvin More, Wm. B. Morgan, d., Samuel M'Keeby, Theo. M'Keeby, John M'Straw, Joel Myers, Edward F. Norris, John Norris, Dudley Otis, d. of w., Ferdinand Otis, k., Israel Otis, k, Leander Otis (navy), Theo. Otis, David Parmeter, Dennis Parmeter, Christopher C. Peasley, w., Philip S. Quick, d. of w., Wm. Ransom (Auburn?), Horace A. Roberts, Jacob Robertson, Mortimer S. Roberts, w., prisoner, d., Peter D. Roe, Wm. S. Rose, d., Allen Shay, Writer A. Shay, Henry Shelp, w., John Shelp, k., Jonas Smith, k., Charles Sherman, Perry C. Sherman, k., Stanley Stone, Chas. II. Stone, Hampden Carlisle Stevens, d., George Struble, David H. 'Tarbox, Robert Tarbox, Samuel Tarbox, Wm. W. Tarbox, Robert Teal, J. Webster Throckmorton, Francis Tuck, Thomas Vanhouton, Charles A. Vanness, d., Lather L. Very, Ackley Walker, Rinaldo Walker, d., Dennis Warner, Geo. Warner, Jacob Warner, Julius Warner, d., Wallace W. Warner, Henry White, d., Edwin Whittaker, Henry Williams.
Minute men, September, 1862: James Young, Israel W. Barber. Total number, 106 + 2 = 108.
APPENDIX - 629
LATHROP.—George E. Bronson, P. S. Bronson, Francis Hawley, Samuel Lindsey, Asahel Lord, Elisha N. Lord, Enoch Lord, Franklin Lord, John Lord, Jonathan Merrill, Jedediah Safford (Brooklyn ?), George D. Silvius (emerg.), Balser Steel, Jonathan Squiers, W. P. Tewksbury, Perington Tower, Daniel Vanauken. Total number, 17.
LENOX.—Amos H. Adams, Malonthon (?) Adams, Silas A. Adams, John C. Allen, Orin Baker, Otis Bailey, Marvin Barber, Alonzo E. Bell, Jasper Bell, Wm. J. Bell, Sterling Belcher, Augustine Bonerman, d., David Bonner, Philander J. Bonner, Henry H. Brown, John Cameron, Jr., 'rhos Cameron, Charles Card, George Carr, Corp. Winfield Scott Carr, Carvosso Churchill, w., Jackson Clark, Martin Clark, Rufus D. Clarke, Jno. S. Clarkson. Anthony Clarkson, William Clarkson, William Cole, J. B. Colvin, Wm F. Coney, C. W. Conrad, Jas. M. Conrad, w., Henry Conrad, Oscar Conrad, k., Rufus Conrad, Jerold F. Conrad, d., Martin Conrad, d., John Conrad, Jr., w., Azariah Daniels (?), James Daniels, Jefferson Daniels, Eldridge Davis, Asa Decker, George Decker, d., Elias C. Decker, Manny Dunn, James Farnam, Everett H. Felton, d., Burril Fisk, Henry Fisk, Albert Follet, Theo. Fuller, w., Andrew Furgerson, Barney Gardner, William Gardner, James Gleason, Stephen Gleason, Martin J. Goldin, William Green, d., Andrew Hallstead, Elisha Hallstead, 2d, David Hardy, Ira Hardy, w., S. M. Harding, James P. Hartley, Henry Hedsall, Norman Hines, A. D Hinckley. Peter Hinkley, d., Elias Hinkley, Jesse Howard, John Howard, d., Geo. W. Howell, Jr., Nelson Jenkins, George Jerrold, Sylvester Knapp, Peter Lott, Chas. Manzer, d., Henry Manzer, Horatio Manzer, George W. Mapes, Jones M'Connel, Allen W. M'Donald, Byron M'Donald, w., Frederick H. M'Donald, Myron M'Donald, w., D. K. M'Namarra, Cyrus D. Millard, Freeman Millard, Humphrey J. Millard, Joseph V. Millard, Stephen S. Millard, Adolph Miller, Douglass S. Miller, Lorin Miller, Martin L. Miller, Lieutenant Wm. Miller, Geo. W. Moore, George W. Moore, 2d, H. N. Mott, Isaac N. Morris, Thos. O'Donald, Alonzo A.. Payne, Charles M. Payne, Theron Palmer, Francis W. Payne, George Payne, Ichabod Payne, d., Charles Pease, Noah Phillips, Phineas Phillips, Russel Phillips, k., Frank Pickering, w., John D. Pickering, Joseph Plummer, Marvin Potter, k., Allison Price, Chauncey Price, David Price, William Price, Harlow Quick, Alonzo A. Ransom, Orville Ransom, d., John Reese, Francis M. Robinson, Daniel Rought, Rufus Bought, Cornelius Rynearson, Israel Rynearson, John Rynearson, James C. Smyth, John A. Smyth, William Smyth, Parmenus Smith, 2d., Egbert Sinsinbaugh, Carmon Sprague, Norman Sprague, Chas. W. Snyder, k., Horace Snyder, Sylvester Snyder, k., Addison Stephens, d., Lafayette Stephens, Collins M. Sterling, I). E. Sterling, Jahez Sterling'', Cyrus Tanner, Mordecai Tanner, Riley Tanner, Jas. Taylor, John Taylor, Asa Thomas, d., Wm. Thorn, Alson Tiffany, Orin Tiffany, k., Eugene Titus, Henry Titus, Myron J. Titus, Warner Tower, Henry Tupper, k., Edward Van Loan, Erastus Warner, John Watters, Jerry Weatcott, Samuel E. West, Wm. F. West, Truman Whipple, Orange Whitney, d. prisoner, Willard M. Whitney, John W. White, Henry Whiting, David Young, Wm. Young. Total number, 172.
LIBERTY.—Oliver H. Allard, J. Allen, Abram Allen, k., Levi Banker, John Bartle, Jason Biven, Henry L. Brooks, d., Joseph, Bailey and Peleg Butts sent subs., George Champlin, George Chapman, Captain G. W. Crandall, Charles Crandall, Jas. Cromwell (sub.), Bela J. Cruser, J. H. Darrow, Jonathan C. Darrow, k., Lewis Darrow (died going into battle), Ambrose Disbrow, Virgil P. Gunsalus, Elijah Harris, d.. Raynsford Hathaway, Samuel Hathaway, James Hendrickson, Samuel Hill, sub., James Hinchman, John Hinchman, John Holmes, Alvah II. Howard, nine months, Augustus Howard, Jonathan Ingraham, Chas. Kenyon, Gerald Kenyon, Henry Kenyon, Job Knapp, Silas Knapp, Baronet J. Lasure, Zina A. Lindsey,
630 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
Joseph Lovelace, Israel C. Luce, Russel Luce, Charles C. Markham, Rufus A. Markham, William 0. Markham, D. C. Marvin, Enos M'Leod, John M'Leod, Joel Freeman Morse, George Preston, Ira Preston, Ira Robbins, k., sub., Frank Runkle, Charles H. Sackett, Edwin Sackett, Benjamin Sisson, Almon L. Southworth, H. M. Southworth (min.), James W. Sonthworth (emerg.), Turner J. Southworth, d., Wallace E. Southworth, Daniel D. Spinnings, w., Theodore Spinnings, John Smith, Theron L. Smith, Eugene L. Stanford, Pliny R. Stockwell, Porter Stockwell, Charles Stockwell, d., Chas. Tarbox, w., David TarbOX, to., George Tarbox, Samuel H. Tarbox, Captain Harrison Truesdell, Rollin B. Truesdell (Great Bend ?), Samuel Truesdell, Joel Truesdell, John W. Truesdell, Lorenzo Vance, lost an arm, Benj. Warner, Alexander Webster, Ira Webster, John B. Webster, Fred. Wilbur, Charles Woodward, to. Total number, 84.
LITTLE MEADOWS.—Edw. Baynard, Darius Cortright, Richard Cortright. k., David H. Deuel, Asa D. Fessenden, Patrick Finn, James B. Fessenden, James H. Fox, John M. Gifford. w., Daniel Holland, Daniel Holland. Jr., William Holland, Charles L. Kimball, Augustus Lemtzen, k., Frederick Martin, d., James Morrison, James O'Doud, Thos. O'Doud, James O'Shaugh-nessy, Jeremiah Ragan, Richard Ring, Nelson Stone, Franklin E. Smith, Patrick Smullen, Edmond Williams, John E. Williams, Rodney Williams.
(Little Meadows bad never polled over 42 votes.) Total number, 27.
MIDDLETOWN.—Orange A. Baldwin, Henry C. Barnum, a, Newel Barnum, Amos C. Beebe, D. Porter Beebe, Lorenzo D. Birch, d., Daniel Baxter, Silas Baxter, Samuel S. Baxter, John Birkbeck, d., Robert Birkbeck, d., David Brink, Charles Camp, David Canfield, John Conboy, Peter Degnan, Michael Fitzgerald. James E. Fitzgerald, Michael Hickey, Augustus. P. Hoadley, Melvin Holman, Jackson Huff (never heard from), 'Theron H. Jones, d., Lieutenant Michael Keenan, d., Horace M. Keeler, Dennis Lane, w., Edward Malay. Wm. M. Kivitt, Patrick Millmore, d. (?), Captain J. C. Morris, Patrick O'Brien, Henry C. Porter, d., Wm. Porter, d., Leonard B. Ross, George Sheldon, N. Y. Sherwood, Abijah Spafford, Milton Spafford, d., Daniel Smith, George Smith, James Smith. Total number, 41.
MONTROSA.—Thomas D. Allen, k., Peter H. Allen, Ed. F. Baldwin, Geo. W. Baker (?), Henry Burgess, J. I. Chapman, Isaiah II. Cross, Capt. G. Z. Dimock, Wm. H. Dennis. Horace A. Deans, Hiram Holloway, Wallace W. Doolittle, Abraham Fordham, d. at Andersonville, Wm. H. Fordham, Lt. Thomas F. Foster, F. F. Goodwin, Henry Grant, Henry S. Hart, James Hackett, H. H. Hinds, William Ira, L. Byron Isbell, marine (lost his hearing), Chaplain Samuel Jessup, 0. A. Lines, H. C. Lines, S. E. Leonard, d., Capt. J. R. Lyons, to., Lieut. B. R. Lyons, 2d, d. of w., Serg Luke L. Lyons, d. of w., Adj. Clark M. Lyons, d. of w., Wm. W. Langdon, d., Merrrit Lillie, F. J. Lathrop, Wm. Magee, Isaac Melhuish, Rufus Messenger, Seth Millius, Eben Mooney, Lt. Hugh Mitchell, Stanley N. Mitchell, Chauncey W. Mott, Michael McKune, Sergt. Wm. Perigo, David Pierson, Isaac J. Post, C. B. Potter, Charles D. Rogers, E. W. Rosencrance, Sam'l S. Rosengrants (?), Fred. E. Shipman, J. B. Simmons, Wm. H. Street, John Smith, Thomas Smith, Geo. Stare, Capt. George L. Stone, Lt.-Col. C. W. Tyler, Edson S. Warner, Lt.- C. A. Warner, Lt. F. R. Warner, Lt.-Col. Edward R. Warner (reg. army), Addison Watrous, Charles H. Webb, Joshua Wickson, k., Geo. W. Woodruff, Selden T. Woodruff, Lt. Wm. H. Frink, Hugh McReady-68.
Colored Volunteers.—Charles Allen, George Baker, John Briscoe, Emanuel Dade, Stephen Ennis, Wm. Gilmore, Lawson L. Goins, Peter Green, John W. Green, John Harris, Isaac Hopkins, Henry Johnson, Samuel Johnson, Wm. Johnson, Benjamin Naylor, David Nelson, Daniel Nelson, Josiah Nel-
APPENDIX - 631
son, Henry Parker, George Price, James Smith, Charles Smith, John Thompson. Josiah Wilson, Hamilton Youngs, Isaac Youngs.
Of Militia, Minute or Emergency Men of 1862 and 1863: Capt. R. Van Valkenberg, Capt. Wm. H. Jessup (afterwards major and general), Capt. C. C. Halsey, Lt. L. F. Fitch, Wm. E. Post, afterwards captain, Lt. Ed. L. Weeks, Sergts. A. H. Smith, S. G. Pache, H. C. Foster, and D. D. Sayre ; J. L. Atherton, B. S. Bentley, Jr., Geo. F. Bentley, Fred. 0. Bullard, F. H. Bunnell, Wm. H. Boyd, F. B. Chandler, B. L. Chandler, C. M. Crandall, Wm. L. Cox, C. C. Day, H. H. Dunmore, L. E. Doolittle, D. C. Fordham. G. H. Fordham, A. W. Faurot, E. R. Fargo, A. J. Gerritson. Isaac Harris, Wm. A. House, Calvin L. Howard, G. A. Jessup, H. F. Keeler, Lewis Langdon, Geo. H. Leal, Geo. P. Little, Theo. F. Mack, J. B. McCollum, B. H. Mulford, David Mahoney, H. C. Meeker, W. L. Pierce. Norman I. Post, J. W. Parker, Alvah H. Quick, E. J. Rogers. M. H. Robinson, W. 'I'. Reed, P. Reynolds, B. C. Sayre, D. D. Searle, Wm. B. Simpson, E. R. Smith, C: II. Smith, Irving Scott, Chris. Sherman, Leroy Thayer, W. E. Thayer, H. C. Tyler, Charles E. Uptegrove, C. A. Warren, G. B. R. Wade, Z. Wheelock, Joseph H. Williams, Wm. Wallace Warner, Chas. J. Whipple, Lt. Henry F. Atherton, Wm. H. Stebbins. Total number, 66+26+66+2 =160.
NEW MILFORD.—John Adams, Alonzo J, Albright, Dexter Albright, W. Ferris Aldrich, John Austin, Henry W. Avery, Albert J. Baldwin, Jeremiah Baldwin, Israel Banker, Capt. H. F. Beardsley, Stephen Beebe, John W. Belcher, Samuel R. Bell, Wm. B. Bowen, Edmund M. Brush, S. 'I'. Bruyn, Daniel Buel, Nathan Buel, Frank Burchell, Warren Burchell, k., Abel A. Carter, Wm. Caswell, Hiram Chrispell, E. E. Corwin, Johnson A. Cornwell, Samuel Cole, Wm. Cornwell. John Corey, Isaac Corey, Hosea Crisstle, Frank Cummings, John C. Dana, Jonathan M. Darrow, pris., John L. Dennis, d., Nelson Decker, L. S. Everett, Uriah Gates, John H. Green, Theodore Gunn, Richmond Hall, Geo. Hall, John H. Harris, Elbert Hartt, Lt. S S. Hager, Joseph S. Hallsted, Edward Hibbard, Cyrenus W. Hughes, Lafayette Hughes, Robert Jacobs, George Jackson, Martin Leonard (?), Delavan Leroy, L. L. Leroy, Francillo Lewis, d., Edmund Manzer, d., Calvin McRoy, Wm. McRoy, M. McDonald, James McRoy. Samuel H. McCarroll, James B. McKeeby, Frazer McMillan, Daniel 'I'. Miller, Harvey W. Miller, Price F. Miller, Edward Morse, DeWolf Mott, Levi Moss, d., Mortimer Moffits, Davis D. Moxley, J. Benson Northrup, James Oakley, Wm. Penny, Wm. Parrish, E. A. Pendar, John Parmeter, David Parks, d., C. Stanley Page, Calvin I. Page, Philip Peckins, k., James Robinson, Warren E. Robinson, Wm. G. Seamans. Dennis Shay, B. Sherwood, Timothy C. Simpson, Stephen W. Sloat, John H. Smith, Silas A. Smith, Silas W. Squires. Jerome J. Stanton, pris., Edward L. Sutton, d., William Sutton, Henry H. Stoddard, Horace S. Stoddard, Russell Storrs, Thomas J. Tallman, Dallas P. Tennant, k., Lewis W. Tennant, Orange W. Tennant, John V. Tennant, Walter Tennant, to., D. R. Tooker, Daniel D. Tompkins, Calvin Towner, Daniel Towner, Henry Towner, William Towner, Josiah Vandermark, Silas Vandermark, Alonzo Washburn, Ebenezer Washburn, Michael Washburn, Adin S. Wellman, Theron Wellman, Charles W. What, Gilbert Whitbeck, George Wilson, Edson Williams, Dwight Williams, d., Warren Williams, d., Freeman P. Whitney, pris., Harlan S. Whitney, d. Total number, 123.
Rush.—Henry Avist, Alonzo Bramlee, Wm. Bramlee (Bromley?), J. M. Bunnell, Wm. Bunt, Charles A. Carter, Charles R. Carter, Oliver Carter, Reuben Carter, Henry Champion, Lyman Canfield, k., Ira Collar, John Canfield. Harvey Coleman, Z. L. Cooley, Theodore S. Clink, James Clink, Adam Clink, Dennis Clapp, Ammi Devine, Daniel Devine, to., Hiram Devine, John W. Devine, w., Ezra Dewers, Corp. Henry W..Drake, w., Curtis R. Dun-
632 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY
more, Porter Dunmore, Andrew Estes, d. pris., Joseph Estes, Miies B. Estes, d. of w., Newton Estes, Wm. A. Farnham, Zenas N. Farnham, d.(?), Charles Fargo, Pearl Fassett, John Fowler, H. W. Gary, James Gary, Nathan Goodsell, E. Granger. Rev. H. H. Gray, Bela Griffin, Luther Granger, k., John W. Granger, Asa Hickok, Thomas Hickok, Frederick Hinds, William Hinds, k., Geo. Hughes, Thomas Hughes, Daniel Huntsman, Henry P. Johnson, Mortimer T. Keeney, Frederick M. Keeney, J. S. Kunkle, d. p., J. W. Kunkle, to., George Kunkle, d., Bernard Kirkhuff, Kennard Lewis, k., Ezra Dennis Lindsay, — Logan, Llewellyn Lewis, Hanford Lewis. Anson Lathrop, d., Addison Lung, Wm. Marshall, Chas. McCormack. k., John McCormack, to., John McCauley, Daniel McGee, Theodore McGee, Stephen S. Millard, Alba Mitchell, Captain David Mitchell, Geo. W. Mitchell, Andrew Moore, k., James Nichols, Orlo Palmer, Jordan Palmer, Edward S. Perigo, Mark B. Perigo, A. Judson Perigo, Charles Potter, Henry W. Potter, d., David Patterson, Seth Shove, k., Lyman M. Sherwood (marine), Robert S. Shoemaker, J. F. Shoemaker (marine), Samuel Smith, 0. S. Swan, Edwin H. Sloat, Alden Swackhammer, Joseph C. Shaddock, Walter B. Simpson, w., Wilson Terry. w., Warren Turner. Wm. Virgil, Wilber H. Wilcox, John West, Benjamin York. Total number, 102.
SILVER LAKE.—Adj. John Brackney (Minute), John Cloon, reg. army, lost a leg, Patrick Colter, d., 'Thomas Donley, Corp. Jeremiah Donoven, A. Dutcher, Thomas English, Andrew Foot, k., Isaac Gage, John Gage, David Gage, John Gary, d., Samuel Gary, James Hayes, w., Jeremiah Hayes, w. pris., — Hawley, Geo. C. Hill, Michael G. Hill, Oliver B. Hill. k., Alson -Howard, d. pris., Enos Howard, d., John Kernan, Percy King, pris., Charles Lawson, to. pris., Michael Laughlin, James Londragon. Daniel Mahoney (Minute), Nelson Meeker, Norman Meeker, Thomas McMan, Hebron Miller, Thomas Moses, William Moses, Francis O'Day, Ord. Sergt. George Pheros, Lafayette Pheros, Thomas Purtle, Maurice Reidy, Asahel L. Roberts, John Ryne, Fred. W. Slade, w., James Slade, Alpheus M. Snow, to., Clinton Snow, drafted. Abel Snow, drafted, Lorenzo W. Sullivan, —'Thompson, Nathaniel Wakeley, Floyd Washburn, James Whalen, k., James Wilber, Stephen Wood. Total number, 52.
SPRINGVILLE.—From the Company-rolls of Captains Van Valkenberg and Halsey, we gather the following lists of minute men of 1862, and emergency men of 1863, from Springville : Albert B. Alger, Jerome Avery, C. W. Bard, Benj. Blakeslee, D. Button, Durand Chamberlin, Horace J. Conrad, L. R. Dunham, Edgar C. Ely, J. B. Fletcher, Adam Hanyon Marsh Hunter, Chauncey L. Knapp, Horatio N. Loomis, N. P. Loomis, Edward C. Lott. J. H. Lyman, Thos. W. Lyman, Wilber Lyman, L. F. Meacham, S. T. Parker, Lyman Phillips, Jonas Phillips, Nelson W. Sheldon, William Smales, Justus Smith, Llewellyn Taylor, F. W. Tiffany, Seth Tyrrell, W. H. Vought, Fred D. Warner, D. T. Welch, Miner K. Williams, Sidney Warner, Gardner. Taylor. Total number, 35.
In the 57th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, is the name of Bentley Stark, of Niven.
We have been told that five of the name of Hungerford enlisted in some regiment or regiments from the township ; thus it is evident the list is very incomplete
Daniel McCracken enlisted April 16, 1861—the first man who went from Susquehanna Coanty. He was a prisoner five months at Richmond and Salisbury. From the latter place he made his escape, with others, by digging a passage seven feet below the surface—a labor of three months—after which he was one month in reaching the Union lines. Benjamin N. Spencer and three sons—two of whom died—went from Springville, also — Hendrick, Joseph Mackey, John R. Hungerford, lieutenant of colored regiment.
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Clark Hungerford, sergeant, and three other brothers, are said to have served "without receiving a scratch." Wm. H. Culver.
SUSQUEHANNA DEPOT.—Edward H. Bryant, D. R. Day, Richard Finnigan. John C. Foot, W. C. Frith, Edward Gilbert, Thomas Hassett, Michael Holleran, Henry A. Shaw, James M. Weller, George Williams. Total number, 11.
THOMSON.—Albert Austin, Andrew Babcock, Daniel Bagley, John Bagley, Edwin Banks, Murray Brown, Delos Bryant, Julius H. Burr, Frank Cook, George Cook, Bowman Gallaway, Sizer Gelatt, Wm. Greek, Frank Hall, Harrison Hall, George Hulce, Stephen Jenkins, Sidney Lewis, Alamanzer Mudge, Wm. N. Nash, L. S. Rogers, G. W. Sampson, M. T. Whitney, R. V. Whitney. Total number, 24.
TOWNSHIP NOT KNOWN.—Abram V. Alden, James H. Bagley, Joseph A. Beebe, d., Wm. E. Bartlet, Henry V. Bogart, Levi L. Brink, Melvin J. Buck, Peter Brown, Alanson Cole, Wm. J. Crandall, Thomson Crofut, F. G. Cummings, Orimel S. Davison, Jerome Davison, John W. Dolloway, Theodore Devine, Luther Eldred, Freeman J. Ellsworth, Charles T. Fish, Patrick Gallaher, Asa Green, David L. Goss, D. M. Galloway, Sidney N. Galloway, Dutcher Hyna, Oliver J. Howard, Wm C. Hinckley, John S. Jacobus, Joseph McShearer, Chris. C. Nicholas, Elvin Newkirk, Orin A. Oakley, Wm. E. Osman, Wm. D. Osborn, Orlando Parks, Phineas H. Pierson, David W. Phillips, John W. Reynolds, Terrence Riley, Daniel H. Stephens, d., Chas. B. Salisbury, David T. Salisbury, Jesse M. Stevens, pris., Geo. Taylor, Simon Vanhorn, Marshall White, d. in pris., Geo. A. Wilson, Fred. D. Young, Lemuel Titman. Total number, 49.
A fund of $630 has been collected towards a soldiers' monument.
The following companies were recruited wholly or principally in Susquehanna County. Doubtless there were parts of many others.
1. A company of three months' men, under command of Captain Charles A. Warner, left Montrose, April 22, 1861 ; but at Harrisburg found that they must enlist for three years, if at all. Being unprepared for this, the company returned at once.
2. Company K, 35th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, recruited at Susquehanna Depot; Captain J. Shull, mustered in for three years, April 23, 1861.
3. Company H, 33d Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain Elisha B. Gates, mustered in June 20, 1861 ; out, June 17, 1864.
4. Company D, 50th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain G. Z. Dimock, mustered in September 6, 1861 ; out, July 30, 1865.
5. Company A, 57th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captains P. Sides, J. R. Lyons, mustered in December 4, 1851; out, June 29, 1865.
6. Company K, 56th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captains E. S. Warner, I. N. Barritt, mustered in March 3, 1862 ; out, July 1, 1865.
7. Company F, 141st Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain H. F. Beardsley, mustered in August 26, 1862 ; out, May 28, 1865.
8. Company H, 141st Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain Caspar W. Tyler, mustered in August 27, 1862 ; out, May 28, 1865.
9. Company B, 143d Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captains J. H. Sornberger, William G. Graham, mustered in August 26, 1862 ; out, June 12, 1865.
10. Company H, 143d Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain John C. Morris, mustered in September 18, 1862; out, June 12, 1865.
11. Company B, 162d 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Captain David E. Wait-ney, mustered in October 20, 1862 ; out, June 16, 1865.
634 - HISTORY OF SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY.
12. A part of 162d, 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry, was recruited from this county the same fall.
13. Company A, 151st Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain Geo. L. Stone, mustered in November 8, 1.862 ; out, after 9 months.
14. Company C, 151st Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Captain John W. Young, mustered in November 8, 1862; out, after 9 months.
15. Company B, 177th Drafted Militia, Captain Arthur M. Phillips, mustered in November 8, 1862; out, after 9 months.
16. Company 11, 177th Drafted Militia, Captain Lewis M. Bunnell, mustered in November 8, 1862 ; out, after 9 months.
17. A great part of a company in the 203d Regiment was composed of Auburn men.
Many men near the State line joined New York Regiments.
State Militia, Minute, or Emergency Men.
18. State defence, 1862, Captain R. Van Valkenburg. In service 9 days.
19. State defence, 1863, Captains William H. Jessup, William E. Post, Co. B, 28th Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia. In service about 6 weeks.
20. Company D, 35th Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia, Captain Calvin C. Halsey. In service about 35 days.
Whole number of soldiers about 2100. Without the emergency men the number is about 2000.