DUNCAN DOW, Bellefontaine. Honorable Duncan Dow, judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Logan and Union counties, was born in Logan county, Ohio, March 13, 1843. His ancestors were Scotch Presbyterians. His father. Robert Dow, was a native of Scotland, came to Ohio when only ten years old, settled in Logan county, where he grew to manhood and became a useful citizen ; entered the military service of the government as captain of Company D, Forty-fifth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served during the Rebellion. Duncan Dow attended the common schools of his native township, passed through the high school of Bellefontaine and attended Geneva College as a student for one term. After this he took a course of instruction in Eastman's celebrated business college at Poughkeepsie, New York. In this way he qualified himself as a book-keeper with the purpose of engaging in commercial business. Soon after returning from Poughkeepsie, however, he entered the office of the county auditor as deputy and subsequently became deputy clerk of the county. He had not up to this time formed the purpose of entering a profession, but while employed in the county clerk's office was persuaded to take up the study of law as an incident of his clerical work. The opportunity afforded to study the practical part of the profession while keeping the minutes of court served as an incentive to study the text-books. He read Blackstone under the instruction of J. B. McLaughlin, a prominent practitioner at the Logan Bar. All of the necessary preliminary reading was pursued under the direction of this instructor until 1867, when he entered the Cincinnati Law School, so well advanced as to complete the course and receive his degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1868. He was received into partnership by Mr. McLaughlin, his former preceptor, and immediately entered upon a prosperous practice. For twenty-eight years the firm of McLaughlin & Dow existed and was recognized as one of the most capable in the county. During all this time Mr. Dow was engaged in the general practice and, by the force of his will, the vigor of his intellect and the energy which he is accustomed to put into every undertaking, he rose from a very humble position to one of large influence in the profession. The partnership mentioned was dissolved only on account of Judge Dow's election to the office of judge of the Court of Common Pleas in the fall of 1896. He has not held a position on the Bench long enough to test in the higher courts very many of his judicial decisions, but his courtesy and bearing toward the Bar, his painstaking investigation of all questions submitted, his integrity of character and deep convictions have already demonstrated both his capacity and fitness for the judicial office. Judge Dow has held other. offices since his admission to the Bar. In 1869 he was elected prosecuting attorney for Logan county and was re-elected in 1872, holding the office for six years. In 1875 he was chosen to represent his county in the general assembly of Ohio, and after serving one term was reelected. During his first term in the general assembly he was made chairman of the committee on privileges and election, one of the most important of the regular committees and doubly important during that session on account of several contests. In 1886 he was chosen to the Ohio Senate and during his term of service was a


member of the judiciary committee. He was a very active and conservative legislator, who supported all valuable legislation introduced by others and was the author of some of the best enactments during the time he was senator. Probably the best known and most frequently tested of the laws introduced by himself was the " Dow Liquor Law." He not only drafted this bill, but may very properly be charged with its enactment, as the strongest influence brought to bear in its favor was his own personal support. Another very important bill introduced by him and enacted into law through his influence was the one requiring train bulletins to be posted in all stations of the different railroads. Judge Dow has served his fellow citizens at home as councilman,. trustee of the water works and park commissioner. He is a gentleman of quiet manners, whose reserve does not at first invite familiarity ; but among his friends he is regarded a delightful companion. There is a geniality and warmth of fellowship extended to such as have been tried 'and found worthy of confidence and friendship. He inherited the Scotch Presbyterian religion,, and has during the course Of his life observed the requirements of Christianity.. Since 1874 he has served as a ruling elder in the United Presbyterian Church. His familiarity with church polity and his lawyer like qualities make him a valuable ecclesiastic adviser. Judge Dow, although not a college graduate, is a gentleman of large intelligence, widely informed on questions of politics and public concern generally. He was married November 4, 1873, to Miss Maggie A. Gregg, and has three daughters : Laura, Ella and Florence B. The family circle is the place in which he takes greatest delight, and his home is characterized by the mutual love and trust of all members of the family. He is a benevolent man and his life has exhibited in a quiet way some wholesome beneficence. As a lawyer, a judge, a citizen and a man his record is clear.

CHARLES H. McELROY, Delaware. Honorable Charles H. McElroy, ex-judge of the Court of Common Pleas, was born at Gambier, Ohio, March 19, 1830. His father, Rev. James McElroy, D. D., was a native of Ireland and a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin. His mother, Maria Burroughs,. was also a native of Ireland, and his parents were married at Gore's Bridge, County Kilkenny, in 1828. Immediately thereafter they came to America and directly to Gambier, where Dr. McElroy assumed the duties of a professorship in Kenyon College, where he remained for three years. His employment was secured by the visit of Bishop Chase to England and Ireland in behalf of the college. While engaged in teaching at Kenyon Dr. McElroy also studied theology and was ordained for the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Leaving Gambier in 1831, he served as rector of Trinity Church, Cleveland, for one year and in 1832 settled in Delaware, as rector of St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal Church. He held this rectorship altogether for twenty years, the first period of eight years closing in 1840, when he removed with his family to Staunton, Virginia. For the twelve years next


ensuing the family lived in Staunton and in Botetourt county, and then returned to Delaware, Ohio. While in Virginia Dr. McElroy founded the Female Institute at. Staunton, a school of high grade which is still flourishing. He was also for some years agent of the Virginia Bible Society. The brother and sisters of Judge McElroy removed to the Pacific coast soon after the war and were followed there by the parents. Two sisters are still living at Oakland, and the other members of the family died in California. Judge McElroy received his academic education at various places in Virginia and attended the Law School of the University of Virginia for two years, beginning in 1850, and was there two sessions of nine months each. He was examined by the judges of the Court of Appeals, and admitted to the Bar of that State at Lewisburg. He returned to Delaware, to which other members of the family had preceded him in the early part of the same year. While waiting to gain a residence he engaged in civil engineering, as applied to the construction of railroads, and continued in that work for about two years, until the suspension of railroad building as a result of the financial stringency sent nearly all engineers adrift. At the time of this suspension, in 1854, he was in charge of the construction of forty miles, being the northern division, of the Henderson and Nashville Railway, as it was then known. This diversion delayed his admission to the Bar of Ohio until 1855, when he settled in Delaware and at once engaged in the practice. Not long afterwards he was appointed master commissioner, and in that capacity adjudicated many cases. He established for himself an excellent reputation at the Bar and also a reputation for judicial fairness as referee in the numerous cases referred to him by the courts. When the War of the Rebellion broke out he offered his services, in August, 1861, and was mustered as a private in Company D, Twentieth Regiment, O. V. I. He very soon became captain of the company, of which he was in command at Fort Donaldson and Pittsburg Landing. In August, 1862, by request of the governor of Ohio, and order of the War Department, he was transferred to the Ninety-sixth O. V. I., with the rank of major. He was on duty at Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post and the siege and surrender of Vicksburg. His health was much broken by the exposures of the camp and field, in a climate to which he was unaccustomed, and he was prostrated by an attack of typhoid fever, followed by chronic diarrhoea and neuralgia. In the campaign down the Mississippi and up the Yazoo and Chickasaw Bayou he was so emaciated and broken that it seemed as if he never could rally ; but he remained on duty until after the surrender of Vicksburg, when he was mustered out on the surgeon's certificate of disability. Upon returning home he resumed the practice of law as soon as he had sufficiently recovered, although he remained an invalid for many years. His only brother, Colonel J. N. McElroy, who preceded him into the service, was on the staff of General J. D. Cox, and by promotions became major of the Twentieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and lieutenant colonel of the Sixtieth Battalion, remaining in the service after the war closed as captain in the Eighth United States Cavalry. He died at San


Francisco some years ago, leaving a widow and one son. Judge McElroy continued in the practice with increasing success until 1881, when, at the earnest solicitation of members of the Bar, personal friends and citizens generally, he accepted the Republican nomination for judge of the Common Pleas Court. He was elected, although the subdivision in which he was a candidate is Democratic by a large majority. He was re-elected in 1886, serving altogether ten years and retiring from the Bench in February, 1892. While in practice at the Bar he was for a time in partnership with E. T. Poppleton, and at the time of his elevation to the Bench was associated with H. S. Culver. Upon retiring from the Bench he resumed the practice in a partnership with G. W. Carpenter, which is still in force. The firm are attorneys for the C. C. C. & St. L. Railway, the Delaware Clay Manufacturing Company, the Delaware County National Bank, V. T. Hills & Co., and many others. Naturally they have a great many cases in the higher courts. In 1858, October 28, Judge McElroy was married to Caroline Murray, now deceased, who was the daughter of Richard and Joan Hills Murray, and whose father had been a member of the Delaware Bar with most promising prospects ; a man who at once took high standing on account of his ability, integrity and learning in the profession, but was cut down by death at an early day, and during the infancy of this daughter. Her mother lived to the age of seventy-five years and retained to her death the highest esteem and affection of her two thousand pupils. Making her home with her daughter and son-in-law, Judge McElroy, she was always a welcome member of the family and a blessing to her children and grandchildren. Of the six children comprising the family of Judge and Mrs. McElroy four are living, three daughters and a son : Lillian E., wife of William B. Hall, of Cape Town, Africa; Kathleen, who lives at home with her father ; Carroll M., a dentist, at Indianapolis ; and Frances H., engaged in the newspaper business. Judge McElroy is a gentleman of substantial character and exemplary life. His friendships are real, not simulated ; his democratic simplicity, openness and genuineness commend him to the people. His broad scholarship is rendered more practical and useful by his careful observation of various characteristics of men and his study of civic life, for which he had ample opportunity in his service of two terms as mayor of Delaware, with an interval of twenty years between. He' was elected first in 1857 and again in 1878, on both occasions receiving a very large vote of the citizens without regard to partisanship. His capacity for affairs was evidenced during the first term by clearing up an indebtedness and changing the finances of the corporation from rather a chaotic to a business condition. His zeal for the public good contributes to his usefulness as a citizen. His large attainments in the law, his perfectly reputable methods in practice, his high motives and unquestioned integrity on the .Bench, all combine to give him firm and honorable standing in the profession.


JAMES I. ALLREAD, Greenville. Honorable James I. Allread, ex-judge of the Circuit Court, is a native of Ohio. He was born in Darke county, September 25, 1858, and bred on the farm. His parents were also Americans and natives of the same State. His mother's family name was Houk. His father, Isaac Allread, was born in Butler county and his occupation has always been farming. Judge Allread had such advantages of education only as were available in the district schools and the Greenville high school. During his minority he worked on the farm and his labor was a factor in the support of the family. He was not content to devote his life entirely to physical labor and receive such rewards only as the products of the farm yield to the husbandman. He had no disposition to shirk any responsibility, and he was always industrious; but early in life he formed a marked preference for a profession, and the law presented to his imagination the most inviting field for the exercise of mental faculties. In his opinion the avenues which it opened for thought and study were not only attractive, but they extended as far as the human mind can explore. It appeared to him also that this profession afforded greater advantages in other respects than could be found in other vocations. His resolution to qualify himself for the profession of law was therefore formed early, and at the proper time he proceeded to act upon the resolution thus formed with earnestness and energy. He entered the law office of the late Judge William Allen at Greenville for preliminary reading and study under instruction. He passed the examination prescribed by the Supreme Court and was admitted to the Bar October 6, 1880. Opening his office in Greenville, he began the practice with the confidence that thorough preparation inspires. Having grown to maturity in the county and acquired his education within its borders, he already had a large acquaintance among .the men of his own age. And it was greatly to his advantage at the outset that the acquaintance was entirely favorable to himself. He needed no introduction to the people he was ready to serve with legal advice ; whose litigation he was qualified to manage; and therefore he was able to establish himself in practice much sooner than a man wholly unknown is able to do. Without barratry and without resort to any methods which tend to discredit a member of the Bar, he booked clients and secured business, soon taking by natural right a position with the most successful practitioners of his county. Greenville is not a large town ; the basis of its support and growth is agriculture ; and the business of a lawyer in the county is general. Judge Allread, in accordance with the fitness of things, took all kinds of civil and criminal cases. No single branch of the law affords sufficient business to warrant the adoption of a specialty. He has, perforce, looked after collections, served a client in all kinds of contention involving property and rights; defended persons accused of crime and attended to the business of corporations. He is therefore what may properly be described as an all round lawyer, equally at home in any kind of litigation, or counsel that may keep a client out of litigation. February 9, 1895, he was appointed judge of the Circuit Court for the Second Circuit of Ohio, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the resig-


nation of John A. Shauck, who had been elected to the Supreme Court. He served until his successor was elected in November of the same year. The appointment was made by Governor McKinley. Judge Allread has always been a Republican, politically, and has given considerable time to the interest of politics. In 1892 and again in 1896 he was chosen one of the delegates to represent the Fourth Ohio District in the National Convention of the Republican party. He was married in August, 1883, to Emma S. Roland, daughter of Charles Roland, who for many years was editor of the Greenville Democrat. A. daughter and a son are the fruit of this union — Maria and Charles Harold.

THOMAS J. GODFREY, Celina. While most of the years of Mr. Godfrey's adult life have been passed in Mercer county, his reputation as a lawyer and public official extends throughout the borders of the State. He was born in Darke county, Ohio, June 6, 1831. His father, E. B. Godfrey, was a native of Ohio, and his mother, Sarah Elliott, was a native of North Carolina. His parents lived on a farm in Darke county until 1859, when they removed to Dowagiac, Cass county, Michigan, and settled there for the remainder of life. The father died in 1888, at the age of seventy-eight years, and the mother in 1891, in her eighty-fourth year. Thomas J. received his primary instruction in the country district school, his academic education in seminaries, and finally took the scientific course at Asbury (now De Paw) University, Greencastle, Indiana. After leaving college he was employed in teaching for some years in the schools of Indiana and Ohio, until he began the study of law in the office of Allen & Meeker, prominent attorneys of Greenville. After preliminary study he attended the Cincinnati Law School, from which he was graduated in 1857. The same year he was admitted to the Bar by the Supreme Court of Ohio, and soon' afterwards entered upon the practice at Celina, which has practically been continuous. The experience gained in another profession was valuable to him at the threshold of the Bar. He soon won the public confidence and a profitable business. In 1863 he was elected prosecuting attorney of Mercer county, and before the close of his first term was renominated for a second. Prior to the election, however, he was asked to accept th.e candidacy to represent the counties of Allen, Auglaize, Defiance, Mercer, Paulding, Van Wert and Williams in the State Senate, and consented. He was elected, and his record was such as to command a re-election in 1867. Upon the organization of the Senate, in 1868, he was elected president pro tem., and discharged the duties with such ability and impartiality as to win the approbation of the senators, without distinction of party. His public service commended him to his party, so that in the following year he was nominated as the Democratic candidate for lieutenant governor, on a ticket led by the late George H. Pendleton, afterwards senator of the United States. The ticket was defeated because that was not a Democratic year in Ohio. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1873-4, and served on the judiciary committee of


that body. In 1880 he was a candidate for Presidential elector on the Democratic (Hancock) ticket ; but the Garfield electors were chosen. In 1881 he was again chosen to represent his district in the State Senate. As before, he was re-elected for another term, during which he was chairman of the committee on judiciary, and universities and colleges. These various preferments for political honors came to Mr. Godfrey entirely unsought. When urged to accept an office in a representative capacity he consented because he deemed it a duty of citizenship. Ofttimes he accepted a public trust to the detriment of his own private interests. That he discharged the duties of his various offices to the satisfaction of his constituents is evidenced by the fact that he has almost continuously held important offices of trust and responsibility during the larger part of his professional life. He has always taken a very deep interest in the educational movements of his county, district and State. He is and has been since 1878 a member of the board of trustees of the Ohio State University, and for seven years was president of the board. He has given liberally of his means as well as of his time for the advancement of various educational institutions of the State. He has always been very active in developing the local resources of the community in which he resides. He was prominently identified with the organization of the first building and loan association in Mercer county, and was first president of the organization. In 1872 Mr. Godfrey, in connection with Dr. D. Milligan and his son, bought up all the certificates of stock outstanding, surrendered the charter of the association and organized a banking institution under the style of Milligan, Godfrey & Co., which continued until the death of Dr. Milligan, when the firm was changed to Godfrey & Milligan. This continued until 1888, when it was succeeded by the Commercial Bank, of which Mr. Godfrey was the dominating spirit until the beginning of 1896, when he sold his interests to his partners, so that he might devote his time entirely to his profession ,and his private business. There is no man in the county who has taken a greater interest in the public, weal than Mr. Godfrey, or one who stands in higher estimation of the public. Referring to his standing in the profession and as a citizen, one of the oldest and ablest of the Mercer county Bar observes :

" Mr. Godfrey is an able lawyer and has been a useful citizen. While he has been prominent in the practice, he has not been as conspicuous in the trial of court cases as some other members of the Bar. He is better adapted by nature and education for a chancery lawyer than a trial lawyer. He is a man of good judgment, well versed in the legal code, and has been among the most successful members of this Bar. While not an orator in the generally accepted meaning of the word, he is a good talker, logical and plain in his statements, and his ability and integrity are recognized by all. Though he has always been more or less in public positions, he never neglected to properly attend to any case in which he was retained. As a citizen he has been public-spirited, and has done more than any other man in the county to elevate public sentiment on the subject of our public schools. He has for years been connected with these in some capacity, either as teacher, trustee or examiner, and his influence has resulted in elevating the standard of the schools; especially by insisting upon larger capability .and broader qualifications of teachers. He has left an indelible impression on the pages of Mercer county history."


Mr. Godfrey is prominent in fraternal circles ; in Masonry, both a Knight Templar and Thirty-second Degree Mason ; also a member of the Knights of Pythias. He was carried in 1859, to Miss Lorinda Milligan, daughter of Dr. D. Milligan, of Fort Recovery. They have one daughter, who is the wife of Rev. J. M. Anderson, of Columbus.

JOHN D. VAN DEMAN, Delaware. Honorable J. D. Van Deman was born in Delaware county, Ohio, February 12, 1832. His father, Rev. Henry Van Demand, a native of Pennsylvania, was a minister of the Presbyterian church, and for nearly forty years pastor of that church in Delaware. His. mother, Sarah Darlington, a native of Kentucky, was a daughter of General Joseph Darlington, who was a member of the Territorial legislature of Ohio, and also a member of the convention held the first year of the present century to frame a Constitution for the State of Ohio. When a child Mr. Van Deman received his primary lessons from Mrs. Murray in the basement of the building located on the court house lot, on the second floor of which he completed his legal studied preparatory to admission to the Bar. (President Rutherford B. Hayes was also an alumnus of the same school.) He took the full classical course in Ohio Wesleyan University, from which he was graduated in 1851. Immediately thereafter he entered the law office of Powell & Buck, where his legal studies were pursued for two years. He was admitted to the Bar in 1853 and began practice at Delaware, soon achieving a success that was very gratifying. His first partnership was with Judge T. W. Powell, which continued until 1862. He then formed a partnership with the late H. M. Carper, which was maintained without interruption until 1889, when Mr. Van Demand retired from practice. Theirs was the oldest law firm in the State at the time of its dissolution. It is a pleasing commentary on the carefulness and honesty of these two gentlemen, that when their final settlement was made, covering the whole period of twenty-seven years of a partnership business, the discrepancy between the accounts as kept by each of them was only one cent. There had been no comparison or settling up of personal accounts of either with the firm from the beginning of the partnership until its close. During all of this period their relations were not only friendly and cordial, but of the closest intimacy. There were few important cases tried in the courts of Delaware county during the time of Mr. Van Deman's active relations with the Bar, in which he was not engaged. One of the most celebrated of the cases which he managed was that of Lou Houk, a manipulator of three-card monte, who killed a man on the Hocking Valley train. Of his argument in that trial the Ohio State Journal said : " His address was admired by all who were present.. It was clear' and sound in argument and his rhetoric was unusually fined. The speech was pronounced one of the best ever delivered at the Bar of Delaware county." Another celebrated case was one growing out of the failure of a bank at Logansport, Indiana. An attempt was made on the part of the Indiana bank


management to hold Mr. Thompson, a non-resident stockholder in the bank, responsible for the payment of depositors. Mr. Van Deman was the attorney of this stockholder, and the case was first tried in the United States Circuit Court before Judge Baxter, resulting in a judgment against his client. It was taken to the Supreme Court of the United States on error, where the judgment was reversed. After an interval of eight years from the first trial, the case was retried in the Circuit Court and a verdict obtained for the defendant. Mr. Van Deman always prepared his pleadings with exceptional care and tried his cases in court with consummate skill. He sometimes perplexed a witness by his sharp cross-examination. An amusing incident illustrative of this, occurred during the trial of one of his cases. The question related to the genuineness of a signature. The defendant had verified his answer, and on the witness stand as an expert, had given his opinion against the genuineness of the signature to the note. On cross-examination Mr. Van Deman required the witness to state with positiveness his conclusion ; then wrote something at the trial table on a paper which he folded up in view of the witness; then folded the paper on which defendant's answer was written in such a way as to expose the signature. He handed this paper to the defendant, asking him to examine the name and see if it was his signature. The witness promptly denied it, at the same time pointing out with particularity the letters which showed it was not genuine. Witness was then requested to unfold the paper and tell the jury what it was. With complete astonishment and some embarrassment he exclaimed : "Why, my God, it is my signature to the answer in this case." His suspicion of a trap had led him into error. Politically Mr. Van Deman has always been a Republican, but rarely aspired to political honors. He was satisfied with the emoluments as well as the fame which a. lawyer who attends strictly to the profession may secure. He was twice elected prosecuting attorney of his county, and was the first mayor of Delaware after its incorporation as a city, holding the office four, years. In 1876 he was a candidate for judge of the Court of Common Pleas, in a district comprising Licking, Delaware and Knox counties, and although unsuccessful, made a gallant race, cutting down the majority of his competitor more than one thousand votes. He was a member of the city council two terms, and was the presiding officer of that body. Upon his retirement the council expressed its sense of his public service in the following resolution: " We desire to express our thanks and appreciation of our president. Under his administration the business of the council has been transacted with

accuracy and dispatch. The expenses of the city government have been largely curtailed and, stimulated by his example, other city officers have been imbued with his commendable spirit of economy and reform. Our council meetings have been exceptionally free from discord. No rulings of the chair have been questioned, because all *ere just and impartial. We regret exceedingly that with the close of this term the city loses his experience and ability in the direction of its government." Mr. Van Deman has given very active support to his party on National issues. During the campaign of 1896 he was sent by the


National committee to canvass the State of Kansas for McKinley, and spent three weeks in his campaign on the stump in that State. His disposition is to be conservative, believing that permanent success for the country will be found in guarding carefully the public expenditures and discountenancing appropriations of the public money for questionable improvements. He would reduce the taxes to a minimum and exact of all officials a faithful performance of duty, an honest execution of their several trusts. Mr. Van Deman's health was such at the beginning of the war as to incapacitate him for enduring the hardships of a soldier's life in the field. However, the second year of the war he served as lieutenant of Company E, One Hundred and Forty-fifth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, for one hundred days, stationed at Fort-Whipple, opposite Washington. He has always been active in the councils of the Grand Army of the Republic, was a charter member of George B. Torrence Post. He has held the office of Post Commander and was appointed aid on the :staff of. General Russell A. Alger, Grand Commander of the G. A. R. for the United States. Mr. Van Deman has a talent for business affairs which has been employed in various corporations and private companies. He has accumulated much property. In 1874 he assisted in organizing the Columbus and Toledo Railroad Company, and served as a director until the sale of the road to the Cleveland syndicate. He has been for a number of years one of. -the directors of the First National Bank of Delaware, and he is president of the Delaware Electric Railway Company. He was one 'of the organizers of the Fidelity Loan Association, of which he is now president. For many years le has been a member of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, and is one of its vestrymen. He is also one of the trustees of the diocese of southern Ohio, having the management of the church property of the diocese and the investment of its benevolent and charity funds. In 1861 he married Lydia, daughter of -Judge Rankle, of Logan county, and they have three children: Ralph H., a lieutenant in the Twenty-first United States Infantry, stationed at Plattsburg Barracks, Lake Champlain ; Ennalla, living at home with her parents ; and Mildred, a student in the Woman's College at Baltimore. Mr. Van Deman is a man of strong mentality and great force of character. He is a good lawyer, highly respected by the Bar ; an upright citizen, greatly esteemed by the community in which he has always lived.

HENRY GOEKE, St. Marys. Mr. Goeke is prosecuting attorney of Auglaize county. His title to citizenship in Ohio is both by right of birth And inheritance. His ancestors were among the early settlers of the State :and both his parents are natives of Auglaize county. They are Mathias and Dina Goeke, both of German extraction. His father was a farmer in his early manhood, but later became a dealer in farmers' supplies and agricultural implements. Among the agricultural population he is probably one of the best known men in the county. J. Henry was born October 28, 1869, at Min-



ster, in Auglaize county, and his early education was obtained in the public school of that town and later was supplemented by a course in the Celina high school. He then entered Pio Nono College, near Milwaukee, Wisconsin, from which he was graduated in the class of June, 1888. Returning home, he was appointed deputy clerk of the Probate Court of Auglaize county. He remained in that position, studying law text-books as the opportunity offered, for about one year. In September, 1889, he entered the Law Department of the Cincinnati College, from which he was graduated in May, 1891, and was immediately admitted to the Bar. In July of the same year he began the practice of his profession in partnership with Judge W. T. Mooney, a connection that remained in effect until Judge Mooney took his seat on the Common Pleas Bench, in December, 1892. He remained in practice alone until August, 1893, when the formed a partnership with Anthony Culliton, a former classmate in the Cincinnati Law School. This association has proved very successful, and continued in effect until December, 1896, when C. L. Smith was admitted to partnership, the firm name now being Goeke, Culliton & Smith. Mr. Goeke was elected city solicitor in 1893 and held the office for two terms. In the spring of 1894 he was nominated on the Democratic ticket for county prosecutor, to which he was elected, and•re-elected in 1897. From his school days down to the present time Mr. Goeke has been a hard student, and in_ his chosen profession his success has been uninterrupted from the start. Mr. Goeke was married November 5, 1891, to Miss Emma Kolter, of Wapakoneta. They have one daughter. Referring to his standing in the profession and his business methods, one of the prominent members of the Auglaize county Bar says :

"The success of the firm of Goeke & Culliton, of which Mr. Goeke is the head, is something remarkable. Neither of them has been in practice ten years, yet the firm has a business second to none in the county. Mr. Goeke has a very fine law library and their office is one of the best equipped in this section of the State. He is known as a hard working. studious attorney and the success he has met with in his practice has been fully earned. When he takes a case he enters into it with the full force of his well trained mind and he gives his clients what they pay for—his best efforts. His business methods are straightforward and his integrity is unquestioned. He has within him the elements of a successful lawyer. He is a good talker, a strong reasoner, his mind has a legal trend, and he is well adapted for either chancery or court practice. Mr. Goeke is yet a young man, but if he lives as long in Ohio as his father he will leave a marked impression on the pages of her legal history."

JAMES DONOVAN, Napoleon. In the valley of the beautiful Maumee river in Henry county, nine miles from Napoleon, James Donovan was born, July 8, 1855. His father was a native of Cork, Ireland, and his mother was born of Irish parents at Quebec, Canada. His father was a farmer and one of the earliest settlers of Henry county. James attended the district school and worked on the farm until he was sixteen years of age. He then attended the


Normal school at Lebanon and engaged in teaching part of the time until he reached the age of twenty. He was graduated as a teacher from the course of study in that Normal school in 1878. He took up the study of law in the office and. under the instruction of J. H. Tyler, of Napoleon, and was admitted to the Bar in October, 1880. After spending a year in Missouri he settled at Napoleon, where he engaged in the practice of his profession alone for two years. He then formed a partnership with Judge James G. Haley, which continued until the death of the latter. In 1884 he was elected clerk of the Court and was afterwards re-elected, serving for six years and retiring from the office in February, 1891. He then formed a partnership with R. W. Cahill, under the style of Cahill & Donovan, and has engaged in a general practice in the State and Federal courts. Mr. Donovan has been actively-identified with politics throughout his adult life. He is a Democrat and has under all circumstances been willing to promote the interests of his party by public participation in campaigns on the stump and the no less effective means pf the partisan council, in which he has always been prominent. He is a brother of D. D. Donovan, of Deshler, who served with marked ability for two terms as a member of Congress. James refused the nomination for Congress in 1896, when he could easily have been elected if he had not declined. He has manifested deep interest in municipal affairs and politics, having been elected a member of the city council again and again, until at length he declined further service. He is enterprising and has both in private life and public' office been an example of civic virtue. Mr. Donovan is esteemed one Of the ablest young attorneys and shrewdest politicians of the county. His personal popularity is an element of strength always counted upon by his friends in a political contest. The young Democracy have stood by him and carried him to victory at the primaries and at the polls. In the city council he was a working member, accredited with large influence and manifesting broad public spirit. He was married November 26, 1885, with Miss Susan N. Yeager, of Napoleon, granddaughter of Judge Craig. His family consists of a daughter, Katharine E., ten years of age, and a son James, five years old.

DANIEL BABST, JR., Crestline. Daniel Babst, Jr., was born October 19, 1847, at Canal Fulton, Stark county, Ohio.. His ancestors were natiyes of Alsace, long a province of France. His father came to America from that country in 1832 and settled in New York. Two years later he removed to Stark county, Ohio. where he met, courted and married a lady who came also from the region over the Rhine, and who became the mother of our subject. His ancestors on both sides held important position in Alsatia. The family removed to Crestline, Crawford county, in 1852, and here Daniel received his earlier education in the public schools. From 1864 to 1867 he was a student it Oberlin College. In the last named year, at the age of twenty, he began reading law in the office and under the instruction of Nathan Jones, at


Crestline, with whom he remained until 1872. when he was admitted to the Bar. He began practice on his own account in 1873, and from that time to the present, except for one year, he has been engaged in a general practice alone. He served as city solicitor from 1877 to 1S79, and then resigned to accept appointment to the office of mayor of the city tendered him by the common council. In 1880. and again in 1882 he was elected mayor. In 1884 he was the Republican candidate for Congress against George E. Seney, of Tiffin, but was defeated, as the Thirteenth Congressional District was a Democratic stronghold. He succeeded, however, in greatly reducing the majority of his opponent. Although he has given considerable time to the duties of public office, he has not neglected his profession, which has under all circumstances claimed his attention and his best endeavors. During the entire period of his residence at Crestline he has taken deep interest in educational matters and the work of the public schools. He has served as a member of the school board and the board of examiners for twelve years. As a citizen he has manifested a lively interest in the affairs of his city and county, and actively supported such measures as promote the public welfare. His interest in politics, local and general, springs from a conviction that the principles and policies of the party to which he belongs should dominate the government. He was a member of the State executive committee for two terms, and has usually represented his party in the various State conventions. In 1887 he was a candidate before the Republican State convention for nomination to the office of attorney general, but was fortunately defeated. That was one of the years in which the Democratic party was successful in the State and he was spared inevitable defeat at the polls. He has supported strenuously the policy of free coinage of silver at the ratio of sixteen to one, believing it to be good Republican doctrine. He maintains that his own position on this question is correct and he has remained steadfast, while the party has left him. Mr. Babst was one of the counsel for the regular Masonic body in their prolonged litigation through all the courts with the Cernean bodies, in which the regulars were successful. He is a Free Mason himself and perhaps on that account was more vitally interested in the outcome of the litigation. He is past Commander of Mansfield Commandery K. T., and is a member of Alkoran Shrine. Mr. Babst has broad and liberal views of religion and is generous in his contributions to the churches and to all charitable objects. He was married October 24, 1872, with Miss Alice E. Martin, who bore him two children, Lora M. and Carl M., both of whom are living. Mrs. Babst died in 1878, and on April 20, 1882, he was married with Miss Luella Carlisle. Two children are the fruit of this marriage, namely, Clara and Guy Mannering. His eldest son, Carl, has been reading law for the past year, his education having been carefully supervised with that end in view.


CORTLAND L. KENNAN, Norwalk. Cortland L. Kennan was born in Norwalk, December 29, 1847. His paternal lineage is Scotch, and that of his mother English. The Kennans were among the early Scotch settlers of New England. His father, Jairus Kerman, a native of Moravia, New York, who became a very eminent lawyer, removed to Ohio and settled in Norwalk in 1830, and continued to reside there until his death in 1872. His mother, Charlotte E. Gardiner, was a native of Connecticut, where her English ancestors settled in the Eighteenth Century. She also came to Ohio about 1830. Young Kennan began his education at five years of age, in a private school, where he remained until he was eight. He then entered the Norwalk public schools, in which he passed through all the grades of the grammar and high school, graduating with first honors from the high school in 1863. He then entered the Western Reserve College at Hudson, Ohio (now the Western Reserve University at Cleveland), where he took the full collegiate course and graduated with the first honors of his class in 1867. Returning home, he at once began the study of law in his father's office, and in April, 1869, was admitted to the Bar. He at once entered into practice with his father, where he continued until the death of the latter in 1872. He has since practiced alone, with the exception of a short time when his two brothers were associated with him. He is a lawyer of ability and has shown remarkable clearness in the preparation of pleadings. He has given much time and attention to Banking Law, and is at this time counsel for one of the largest banking institutions in Northern Ohio. With all of the advantages of a finished education and a most complete legal training, he is a most charming conversationalist and a ready and fluent speaker. During the railroad riots of 1877 the citizens of Norwalk organized a vigilance committee, and this afterwards resulted in the organization of the Ohio National Guard. On August 5, 1877, Mr. Kennan was elected first sergeant of the Norwalk company on May 1, 1879, he was elected second lieutenant; on May 13, 1882, first lieutenant, and on December 1, 1885, captain. He skipped the majority, and October 10, 1889, was elected lieutenant colonel, and in April, 1893, was elected colonel, commander of the regiment. He was first attached to the Sixteenth Regiment of the Ohio National Guard, and afterward transferred to the old Fifteenth Regiment. This regiment was mustered out of the service and he was again transferred to the Sixteenth, and on May 11, 1887, was assigned to the Fifth Regiment, which he now commands. Colonel Kennan has thus had twenty years' continuous service, an honor which but few men in this State have attained. His military headquarters at the present time are at Norwalk. He is enthusiastic in this work and has greatly contributed to the placing of the Ohio National Guard upon the admirable footing it now has attained. Colonel Kennan is a member of the Masonic order, having received the Knight Templar degrees. In 1869 he married Eloise Case, of Norwalk, and has five children, three daughters and two sons. There are now living two daughters and one son. Mrs. Kennan died March 17, 1894.



FRANK HERBERT JONES, Norwalk. Honorable Frank H. Jones, judge of the Probate Court, was born on a farm near Deansville, Wisconsin, September 15, 1856. His father, James Jones, was a farmer and a native of Massachusetts. He came first to Ohio and in 1850 removed to Wisconsin. The Joneses are of Welsh descent and came to New England in the eighteenth century, settling at Martha's Vineyard. The great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch was engaged in the American Revolution and was in the battle of Lexington. His mother, Sabra W. Alvord, also a native of Massachusetts, was of English descent. Her ancestors were among the early Massachusetts settlers, coming to this country about 1636. They became quite prominent in affairs and several of the family attained distinction during the country's struggle for independence. When Frank H. Jones was six years of age the family returned to Ohio, settling near Bellevue, where his education began in the public schools. Later he entered the preparatory department of the Western Reserve College at Hudson, Ohio, where he remained one year and afterwards entered the collegiate department. In 1881 the name of this institution was changed to Adelbert College of the Western Reserve University, and the school was transferred to Cleveland, where Mr. Jones graduated with the second honors of his class, in 1882. After leaving college he was for one year superintendent of schools at Mentor, the home of Garfield. In the fall of 1883 he entered the Cincinnati Law School, and in 1885 was graduated again with the second honors of his class. The class was a large one and the grades were as high as ever attained in the college. He was at once admitted to the Bar and began practice at Sandusky in the office of Linn W. Hull, now judge. of the Court of Common Pleas. In 1886 he removed to Norwalk, where he has since practiced alone. His practice has been general. It has largely been in the line of equity proceedings, corporation and real estate law. He has always been a close student, devoting great care to the preparation of his cases, and has shown marked ability for one so young. As an evidence of the confidence and respect entertained for him by the citizens of Huron county he was, in the fall of 1896, elected judge of the Probate Court, an honor which one of more mature years might well be proud of. He has always been a Republican and has taken quite an active interest in political matters, and has several times been a delegate to the State conventions of his party. He was for eight years a member of the board of education. In 1893 he married Charlotte W. Wickham, of Norwalk, and has two children, a son and a daughter.

JAY F. LANING, Norwalk. Mr. Laming was born at New London, Ohio, on the 15th day of May, 1853. His father, John Laning, who located in Huron county, Ohio, in 1840, was a native of New Jersey. His ancestors, who were Welsh, settled at Trenton, New Jersey, some time prior to the American Revolution. His mother, Caroline Wood, was born in Putnam county, New York. She came to Ohio in 1832. His education was in the pub-


lic schools of his native county and for a time at the Savannah Academy, and in 1872 he was for a short time in the Baldwin University. At the age of fifteen he commenced teaching school, and was engaged in that occupation for six years. During this period he devoted his spare time to the study of law. Continuing the study of law after giving up the business of teaching, he was admitted to the Bar in 1875, and at once began practice alone at New: London. Afterwards he formed a copartnership with A. M. Beattie, now of the Norwalk Bar. In 1882 he removed to Norwalk, where he practiced for a short time, when he engaged in the publishing business. He is at the head of the Laning Printing Company, which company is now publishing the Ohio Supreme Court Reports, also a series of reports called the Ohio Decision, the Ohio Legal News, and other law publications. Mr. Laning is the author of The Rudiments of Civil Government and The Rudiments of Law—both of which are text-books for use in the public schools; also a history of Ohio and a number of other publications now used in the public schools, besides a number of manuals. In politics he has always been a Republican. At the present time he is serving his second term in the Ohio Senate. In 1875 he married Caroline Sheldon, of Ohio, and by this union has six children, three sons and three daughters, all living.

JOHN W. JENNER, Mansfield. Honorable John W. Jenner, for eleven years judge of the Circuit Court of Ohio, for the Fifth Circuit, is the son of Dr. A. Jenner, who represented Richland county in the legislature in 1858. Richard Jenner, of London, was the lineal ancestor of the family in America. His son settled in Connecticut about 1675. Dr. Samuel Jenner, great-grandson of Richard, and great-grandfather of Judge Jenner, was born in Woodbury, Litchfield county, Connecticut, in 1739. Dr. Edward Jenner, celebrated for his discovery of vaccination, was also a descendant of Richard Jenner. Dr. A. Jenner's maternal grandfather, Nathan Taylor, was a private in a New Jersey regiment in the War of the Revolution. Judge Jenner's mother's grandfather, Captain John Foster, owned a plantation on Roanoke river in North 'Carolina, and was the commander of a coast trading vessel; was placed in commission as a privateer. When the English were blockading our coast, on an occasion when Captain Foster attempted to get into Pamlico Sound, in full view of his family and friends, he was closely pursued by the blockading squadron and barely escaped capture. The judge's grandmother, then a small girl, was deeply impressed with this incident, and often repeated it to her grandchildren. The father of Judge Jenner became a resident of Mansfield in 1834. Dr. A. Jenner was a man of integrity and purity of character, warm in his friendships, and highly respected in the community. Two sons—Dr. A. E. Jenner of Dayton, who for two terms represented the Crawford district in the Senate, and Dr. C. W. Jenner, late of Denver—followed the profession of their father ; and two sons, John W. and Samuel E., made the law their life work. Judge Jenner, after obtaining the education the common schools afforded,


taught school several terms, attended an academy for three years, then entered the Sophomore year in the Ohio Wesleyan University, and after completing the Sophomore and Junior years, left college and taught one year in an academy in Missouri. In 1860 he and his brother S. E. Jenner commenced reading law with Honorable Thomas W. Bartley, in Mansfield, his native town, and they were both admitted to the Bar in 1863. Soon after he was admitted, Judge Jenner became a member of the firm of Bartley, Johnston & Jenner. In about a year Judge Bartley retired from the firm and moved to Cincinnati. Johnston was elected to Congress and died shortly after his term closed. S. E. Jenner, then a partner of Judge Bartley in Cincinnati, returned to Mansfield and the two brothers formed a partnership which continued until 1872, when S. E. Jenner entered into partnership with his father-in-law, Judge Bartley, in Washington City. Judge Jenner was also a partner for several years with Judge M. R. Dickey of Cleveland and with Judge Geddes. In 1864 he was appointed prosecuting attorney of Richland county, and was elected for two full terms. At the close of his second term, in 1869, he attended Harvard Law School for one year. With the experience he then had at the Bar, the year spent at Harvard was a very profitable one. That was about the time President Elliott became the guiding star of the university. Professor C. C. Langdell, whose case system has revolutionized legal instruction in the schools, had just started on his successful career. After Judge Jenner left the law school, he and his brother resumed the practice of law in Mansfield, and this continued until he was elected Circuit Judge in October, 1884, except the short time that Samuel E. was in Washington and John W. was on the Common Pleas Bench. The judge was for twelve years president of the board of education of Mansfield, and has always taken great interest in the schools of the city. October 5, 1895, he resigned the office of Circuit Judge to resume the practice of law, with S. E. Jenner and William McE. Weldon. Judge Jenner seems blessed with a mind and temperament that eminently fit him for judicial duties. His thorough preparation and large experience at the Bar made the labor pleasant for him. He possessed patience, industry, a comprehensive intellect, quick perception to see the true point involved in a controversy, however concealed beneath a mass of immaterial facts, and with an integrity of purpose that won the confidence of both the Bar and litigants He does not hesitate to express the highest gratification at the expressions of high commendation he has received from many sources as to his services on the Bench but he says his friends are too extravagant in their compliments. We may give what occurred in the court room on the last day the judge was on the Bench in Fairfield county, a county that has become noted for being once the home of a Ewing, a Stanbery, a Sherman, a Hunter, a Brazee and many other illustrious lawyers. Judge Martin, who once adorned the Supreme Bench of our State, on behalf of the Lancaster Bar, in presenting resolutions as to Judge Jenner and his services on the Bench, used this language :

" I feel that if words served me, I would like to add something to this sincere testimonial of the Bar. Man and boy or boy and man, I have been an


intimate observer and somewhat of a participant in the legal controversies of this county and section of the State. I have seen many brilliant lawyers and able men upon the Bench, but I truly bear from the depths of my heart the voluntary testimonial here to-day, that Judge Jenner ranks inferior to none, and to say the least, the peer of the best. Now in a few days to retire from the Bench, prompted by circumstances eminently proper, he will go into that higher realm of our legal profession, where pecuniary rewards and fame will, undoubtedly, be liberal and' long to him."

In 1868 Judge Jenner married Emma A. Mack, only daughter of Dr. John Mack, a senator from the counties of Richland and Ashland, in 1853. Her grandfather, Harry Ayres, married Jane Hoy, whose family was of Scotch origin. The courage and spirit of the soldier predominated in the family. They trace their lineage to William Hoy, who fought by the side of Argyle, on Flodden field, in 1513. Three brothers, descendants of that William Hoy, came to America in 1756. One of them, Peter, was a soldier of the Revolution. William, the father of Mrs. Jane Ayres, was Captain of a company in the War of 1812. The mother of Adam Poe, whose fight with the Indian chief, Big-foot, on the banks of the Ohio, in 1782, all school boys delight to read, was a daughter of one of these Hoy brothers. Judge and Mrs. Jenner have five children, two married : Mary Jenner Wagner of Mansfield Florence Jenner Dann of Columbus, and Grace, Gertrude and Jack.

CHRISTOPHER P. WOLCOTTE, Akron. One of the able lawyers and extraordinary men of Ohio, who would not be old if still living, was Honorable Christopher Parsons Wolcotte. He was born at Wolcottville, Connecticut, December 17, 1820, and died at his home in Akron, April 4, 1863. At thirteen he came west with his parents, who settled in Steubenville. He aspired to excellence and the best things available in life. As a boy he was studious, energetic, hopeful, ambitious. His time was well employed. He entered Jefferson College at Washington, Pennsylvania, and was graduated in 1840, while yet under twenty years of age. Upon returning to his home he began the study of law in the office of Tappam & Stanton, at Steubenville, where he remained for three years. He was admitted to the Bar in 1843, and soon afterwards formed a partnership with General Lucius V. Bierce, at Ravenna, for the practice of law. He lived at Ravenna only three years, but during that short period proved himself a lawyer of ability and a man of probity and high aims. In 1846 he settled in Akron, where he continued in the practice until his death on the 4th day of April, 1863. Shortly after removing to Akron he formed a partnership with Honorable W. H. Upson, which was dissolved by his death. Be was appointed attorney-general of Ohio by Governor Salmon P. Chase in 1846, and won fame as a lawyer while occupying the office. It became his duty as attorney-general to prosecute the Wellington Fugitive Slave case, and he performed the duty in a masterful manner. His argument in the case was singularly strong and great. The Supreme Court of



Ohio paid him the exceptional compliment of ordering the argument published in full as a part of the report of the case. It was the first instance of the kind, and indeed it remains the only instance of the kind, in the history of the Supreme Court. Mr. Wolcotte continued to devote his undivided attention to the practice of law until he was appointed assistant secretary of war by President Lincoln, in May, 1862. He was assistant to the great war secretary, Edwin M. Stanton, and, like the latter, wore his rife out in the public service. Early and late he toiled, sharing with his great chief all the anxiety incident to the mobilizing, equipment and command of large armies during the crisis of the Nation. Absolute confidence and the closest intimacy existed between Secretary Stanton and himself. His life was the noble sacrifice he offered upon his country's altar. He died of overwork, less than a year after assuming the overmastering duties of the war office. He had not reached his prime, or the full splendor of that meridian which marks the greatest successes of the most capable lawyers. He had lived long enough, however, to build for himself a character strong in its integrity and in the elements which make true men and good lawyers; a reputation for morality and well-doing, for the observance of private virtue and devotion to public duty—a reputation which history will not permit to die. Mr. Wolcotte was married to Pamelia Stanton, a sister of Honorable Edwin M. Stanton, the secretary of war. His two sons and their mother survive.

DAYTON A. DOYLE, Akron. Dayton Augustine Doyle has lived in Akron from childhood. He was born there September 27, 1856. His father, William Barnabas Doyle, was born at Doylesburg, Pennsylvania, a town founded by his forefathers. His mother, Harriet Sage, was a native of New York and the daughter of Martin and Mary Sage, of Wheatland, in that State. He attended the public schools of Akron and was graduated from the high school in June, 1874. For the next year he was employed by Paul Brothers. civil engineers, and acquired considerable fondness for the profession of engineering. He entered Buchtel College, however, and pursued a classical course, from which he was graduated in 1878, with the degree of A. B. He was dissuaded by his father from an immature purpose to become a mathematical engineer, and induced to study law. his first professional reading was in the office of Honorable J. A. Kohler, present judge of the Common Pleas Court of the district, and was continued one year. At the end of that time he entered the Cincinnati Law School and pursued the course of study, including the attendance upon lectures, to completion. He was graduated May 26, 1880, with the degree of LL. B., and soon afterwards admitted to practice in the courts of the State, by certificate of the judges of the Supreme Court, dated Columbus, May 27, 1880. Two years later, June 26, 1882, at Cleveland, he was, upon the proper motion, admitted to practice in the United States courts. While pursuing his literary and legal studies in school he improved


the vacations by working on a farm and in his father' s lumber yard, thus acquiring an industrial education at the same time. In 1885 he formed a partnership with Frederick C. Bryan, which is still continued under the style of Doyle & Bryan. The same year he was elected city solicitor and re-elected in 1887. He managed some important cases and conducted litigation of great moment to the city during his official term. He was commended by the press for his " faithful, diligent, intelligent and efficient performance of the duties of the position." In 1890 Mr. Doyle became the executor of the estate of his father, who died leaving extensive business interests as a manufacturer of lumber and a contractor and builder. He carried on the several departments of this unfinished business successfully, as trustee for the heirs, for two years, constructing a large number of houses and contributing his full share to the prosperity of the beautiful city of his home and his pride. During this period he was obliged to relinquish his hold upon clients and give little attention to law business. After settling the estate, however, he resumed the practice with his aforetime vigor and success. His practice is general in scope, but confined to civil cases almost entirely, as he has no fondness for the criminal courts. His general knowledge and practical experience in affairs make him a safe counsellor. He also enjoys the friendly combats with brethren of the profession, which litigation always invites. His love of the law, no less than his fraternal spirit, is evidenced by membership in the Akron Law Library Association, the Ohio State Bar Association and Summit county Bar Association. He is also associated with two benevolent orders, as a member of McPherson Lodge No. 60 K. of P., through all of whose chairs he has passed, and Nemo Lodge I. O. O. F. From 1889 until 1896 he was one of the trustees of the Buchtel College and a member of the executive committee. Politically lie has been allied to the Republican party from boyhood, and for the past dozen years he has been a working member, active and prominent in its deliberations and councils. He served as secretary of the county committee during the campaign of 1883 and 1884, and chairman of the city committee in 1895 and the county committee in 1897. Mr. Doyle was married April 23, 1884, to Miss Ida M. Westfall, daughter of Japheth Westfall, of Akron. From this union five children were born, four of whom survive: Dayton A., born 1885; Julia May, born 1887 ; Arthur W., born 1893; and Frank, born 1895. All are bright, animated and healthy.

FRANK L. BALDWIN, Massillon. Frank L. Baldwin is the second of three children of Pomeroy and Clara A. Baldwin—the others being Miller Collins Baldwin, born 1842, died 1880; and Pomeroy Baldwin, born December 30, 1847. He was born July 19, 1846, at Massillon, and has always resided there. He is in the seventh generation of descent from Nathaniel Baldwin, who emigrated from Cholesbury, Warwickshire, England, before 1639, to Milford, Connecticut. Some of his descendants settled early in Goshen, Litchfield county, in that State. They all seem to have been imbued with the earnest




religious sentiment of the times, and to have possessed that courage of conviction and of action which was such a notable characteristic of so many of the early emigrants to New England. Mr. Baldwin's grandfather, Pomeroy Baldwin, born in Goshen October 16, 1790, first visited Hudson, Ohio, in January, 1811, to look after some land that his father had bought, and, returning soon after to Goshen, married, on February 2, 1814, Ann Foote, of Norfolk, Connecticut, with whom he returned to Hudson to reside in 1817. On August 31st of that year he died of a fever contracted on the journey. At this place an important settlement had been made in 1799, composed of a colony formed by David Hudson, Esq., a man of sterling integrity, high morals and excellent business capacity and executive ability. Harvey Baldwin, a brother of Pomeroy Baldwin, married Maria A., daughter of Mr. Hudson, and he and his wife became the leading factors in every important enterprise and undertaking in the community. One of the more prominent institutions that owes its existence to their efforts, to a very great extent, is Western Reserve College at Hudson. Their lives were of the greatest good and highest usefulness, and on the ninetieth anniversary of her birth, in October, 1890, the citizens of Hudson gave Mrs. Baldwin a public reception in the town hall, where, with music, songs and speeches, they extolled her virtues and praised her many good deeds. March 19, 1818, Pomeroy, the only child of Mr. and Mrs. Pomeroy Baldwin, was born. His mother visited her brother, Mr. Luther L. Foote, a lawyer at Massillon, and there met and on January 18, 1825, married Arvine Wales, of Massillon, a farmer of large means, prominent in public affairs, of strong anti-slavery sentiment, and a friend and contemporary of Horace Greeley, whom, with other writers and speakers, he delighted to entertain. By this union there was one child, Arvine C. Wales, who graduated at the Harvard Law School, and became prominent as a lawyer, farmer and a senator at Columbus. Mr. Baldwin's father and mother were married December 10, 1840. She was a daughter of Jacob Miller, Esq., of Massillon, one of the associate justices of Stark county, under the old judicial system of Ohio, and sister of George Miller, a graduate of Washington and Jefferson College, a man of most scholarly attainments, a member of the general assembly of Ohio in 1844, and at his death, in December, 1850, one of the able lawyers of the county. For some years before his death, March 25, 1849, Pomeroy Baldwin was a merchant, and before that he was identified with the Massillon Rolling Mill Company, a corporation that then owned large mills and stores and many lots and farms about Massillon. Mr. Bald win's early education ,was obtained in the public schools of Massillon. The first two years of his college life, 1863-1865, he spent at Western Reserve College, Hudson, and entering the Junior class of Yale College in 1865, he was graduated there in the class of 1867. He at once began the study of law with. Alexander Bierce, of Canton, and for several months was at study and legal work in the law office of Ranney & Bolton, of Cleveland. He was admitted to the Bar at Canton, April 26, 1869. Soon afterwards he opened an office at Massillon, where he began practice, and has continued in the practice there to


the present time. In March, 1878, he formed a partnership with Mr. Anson Pease, under the name of Pease & Baldwin, which continued until Mr. Pease became a judge of the Court of Common Pleas on February 9, 1882, and was resumed February 9, 1892, when Judge Pease left the Bench, with the addition of Otto E. Young, a former student of Judge Pease, under the name of • Pease, Baldwin &.Young. After the death of his senior partner, December 16, 1896, Mr. Baldwin continued with Mr. Young, under the name of Baldwin & Young. Mr. Baldwin has been in many of the important cases arising in the west end of the county, but his inclinations never lead him to any great extent into the trial of causes. He has worked mostly at his desk, on documents, and has had more to do with the preparation of cases for trial, with the adjustment of differences, with the settlement of estates, as trustee in some form, or as attorney, and with commercial and financial transactions. In many cases he has, at the request of the court, served as referee, more especially in matters involving long and intricate accountings. He is always deliberate in judgment, cautious and conservative, and having once formed an opinion, or outlined a course of action, he holds to it most firmly. He weighs carefully all the statements a client makes, quickly anticipates what may be said or done on the opposing side, and never advises a lawsuit until all efforts at adjustment have been made. and have failed. He is consulted often in family and estate matters, where experience and integrity of judgment are desired, and knowing, and being , known to, every one in the locality, it is not too much to say he commands. the esteem and respect of all. He has never desired or sought political or other preferment, his unsolicited elections to the school board representing his only public service. Arvine Wales, the principal executor of Charity Rotch's. will, as directed by her will, and with her means, established the Charity School of Kendal, now an institution of Massillon, with a farm of one hundred and eighty acres, and large buildings and an invested fund, and managed it while he lived, and then his son, Arvine C. Wales, so long as he lived. Mr. Baldwin has been a member of its board of trustees for the past twenty-five years, and its treasurer for the past fifteen years. His parents having been Episcopalians, he is attached to that church, though not a member. He lived with his mother, most devotedly attached to her, until she died, January 10, 1892. On June 28, 1890, he was married at Massillon to Miss Annie J. Steese, only daughter of Dr. Isaac Steese, for many years a prominent banker there. They have no children. Both before and since their marriage they have traveled a great deal, in the United States and in Europe.

JOHN W. ALBAUGH, Canton. Honorable John W. Albaugh was born on July 4, 1844, on a farm in Tuscarawas county. His ancestors on his father's side were from Germany and on his mother's side from Ireland. As early as 1720 the branch of the family from which the judge is descended settled in Maryland. The records of these days afford only a few details of the part



taken by them in the history-making events that took place on this continent during the eighteenth' century, but these details are sufficient to show that they bore their full share in the dangers and responsibilities that fell upon all who were in any way conspicuous. In the War of 1812 we find the grandfather of our subject was engaged. He was born in Frederick county, Maryland, and moved to Carroll county, Ohio, in 1805. Here, in 1807, was born the father Of 'our subject., who married Elizabeth Walters of Virginia, and at a later date moved to Tuscarawas county, where Judge Albaugh was born. His early days were spent upon the farm ; he was of a retiring disposition and much given to study. He attended the public schools, and the learning there received was supplemented by a full academical education. He read law with James Patrick of New Philadelphia, and was admitted to the Bar on April 25, 1869, in the District Court of Carroll county. In October of the same year he took up his residence in New Philadelphia, and formed a law partnership with Judge J. H. Barnhill, which continued until 1873, when he .was elected prosecuting attorney for Tuscarawas county. He was re-elected to the same office in 1875, serving two full terms terminating in 1877. Whilst completing his last term in this office in 1875, he formed a partnership with the Honorable J. F. Graham, which lasted until 1882. During this period he had made his associations among prominent men, who commanded the most important enterprises throughout this section, and to a great extent were interested in law cases of extreme importance. The ability of Judge Albaugh naturally led to his being employed in most 'of the important cases that were tried. In 1882 he left New Philadelphia and made his permanent residence in Canton. Here he formed a partnership with the honorable John C. Welty, which still continues, though it was interrupted in 1885 by the election of Mr. Albaugh as judge of the Circuit Court. This was when the Circuit Court was first established, and the law provided that upon the election of the judges the governor and secretary of state should cast lots to decide by whom the short or lung term should be filled, and further, that the judge filling the short term should be the presiding judge of the court, in order that such presiding judge might at all times be the one holding the oldest commission. Judge Albaugh drew the short term and became the presiding judge of the Circuit Court. At the expiration of this term he was re-elected for the full term of six years without opposition, serving eight years in all. At this time he determined to resume the general practice of law. He felt that he had arrived at an age when if he permitted himself to remain longer upon the Bench the added years would prove detrimental to a successful resumption of general practice; whereas now, in the prime of life, with a mind stored with legal knowledge and matured by long judicial experience, and habits of research necessarily inculcated, he felt all the energy and confidence of renewed strength and vigor. Judge Albaugh is beyond the medium height, of somewhat slender build, of a calm, but high-strung temperament, a deep student, nervous, but with full command of himself at all times. He enters into his case with a depth and earnestness that show a thorough equipment, and a full *session of all the


facts, and all the authorities bearing upon the matter in hand. He is essentially thorough in all he undertakes. Either in the preparation or in handling a case in court he is equally strong. He is a good and fluent talker, deliberate and confident in his utterances; he always commands attention, and his thoughtful and well weighed sentences are invariably effective. Upon retiring from the Bench of the Circuit Court he left behind him a most enviable record. His decisions were very rarely reversed by the higher courts; but far beyond this, his admirers and friends included both lawyers and litigants, and indeed all who have been brought into contact with him. He has won the confidence and regard of all; his decisions were received with a consciousness that the evidence and legal merits of the case had been thoroughly and exhaustively inquired into, and that the decision arrived at, whether for or against, had been fairly and honestly considered and attained. In politics he has always been a consistent Democrat, and up to 1885 a very active and hard worker for his party; but upon being elected to the judiciary, he felt it incumbent upon him to abandon his partisan zeal, leaving to others the active party work, and confining himself to the impartial administration of the duties of his high office. He is to-day an influential adviser in the party and one whom leaders are pleased to consult with, and whose moral support and co-operation they are always anxious to obtain. On religious matters he is unsectarian and broad in his views, an earnest supporter of all moral and philanthropic movements that are brought to his notice, and he possesses an abounding sympathy for and with everything tending to mental and moral progress. He is a lawyer of the highest attainments, a safe adviser, a wise and discreet counsellor and a man of earnest convictions; free from all ostentation, genial and sincere in his friendships. He was married on August 16, 1866, with Miss Estella Seran of New Cumberland. They have two boys, Thurlow K., born January 29, 1868, and Alonzo Walter, born April 25, 1879.

JACOB P. FAWCETT, Canton. Mr. Fawcett was born at Boyce Station, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, January 2, 1851. He worked on the farm until he was sixteen years of age, at which time his father died. He then removed with his mother to the town of Mount Union, Ohio, and entered the Mount Union College. Previous to this he had attended the public schools of his•native State. He graduated at Mount Union College in 1871 and commenced the reading of law with William C. Pippitt, of Alliance. He was admitted to the Bar at Ravenna April 9. 1874, and immediately entered into the general practice of law at Alliance. He continued 'in the practice there until 1877, when he moved to Canton, and has since practiced in that city. In 1876 he was elected mayor of Mount Union, and from 1882 to 1886 be was a member of the Canton City council, serving as president of that body during the last year of his membership. He was chairman of the Republican county central committee for two years, and also served for the same length


of time on the Republican State central committee. He has always been• active in politics and is a strong and earnest worker for his party. In 1896 he exerted himself to the utmost during the entire campaign, being especially prompted by the high regard for and unbounded confidence in the qualifications of their candidate for the Presidency. In 1886 Governor Foraker appointed Mr. Fawcett to the position of judge of the Probate Court of Stark county, which had become vacant by resignation of the incumbent. He was elected to succeed himself in 1887 and again 1890, each time overcoming substantial Democratic pluralities in the county. In retiring iring from this office in 1894 he entered upon the general practice of law in Canton, which he still continues. He is an excellent lawyer ; studious, careful and exact ; a good speaker, effective with both judge and jury ; while his large experience has developed in him a cautious and judicial mind and made him a singularly safe and conscientious adviser. He has achieved a good reputation as one who discourages litigation. He has been deeply impressed with the trouble, annoyance and even serious results of ill-considered and hasty action in rushing into court to seek redress for wrongs that very frequently arise from misunderstanding and from the want of calm, unprejudiced consideration. In such cases he invariably endeavors to bring the opposing parties into a personal interview, and by getting the statements of each of them when matters are in an early stage he naturally expects to hear the most extreme or even exaggerated statements from both sides. This enables him to arrive at a very fair conclusion of the merits of each side of the controversy. He exercises a remarkable influence over angry disputants ; his calm, logical and business-like manner of presenting his arguments and suggestions rarely fails to awaken a responsive chord ; while his promptness of action, firmness of decision and practical common sense compel attention to his. utterances. His first effort is to reach an understanding and settlement out of court. When every effort in this direction has been exhausted, and provided he concludes to handle the case, he takes off the gloves and goes in to win, with the confidence and courage begotten of the honest conviction that he has. a good case and a strong cause. Possessing a well balanced mind, educated to cautious and conservative action, equipped with legal training and experience of a high character, he is a strong lawyer and is held in high regard by both Court and Bar. In local matters he is quite prominent and active. Well considered measures for the welfare and improvement of the city are always certain of his support and assistance. He is a member of quite a number of social organizations and benevolent orders: Lodge 266 I. O. O. F.; Lilly Lodge 362 K. P. ; Canton Lodge 68, B. P. O. Elks ; and he is also a member of the college fraternity of I. A. E. On February 6, 1877, he was married to Miss Jennie A., daughter of Honorable John H. Mitchell, United States senator from Oregon. The union has been blessed with four children, all of whom are living: Mattie E., Howard B., Ralph M., and John A.


CHARLES BOOTH, Ashtabula. Charles Booth was born at Ashtabula on the 15th day of January, 1814. His father, Philo Booth, who was a native of Connecticut, and a merchant, removed with his parents to Lenox, Massachusetts, and when he became of age removed thence to Trenton, Oneida county, New ,York, where he married Sophia Cooper, August 22, 1805. He afterwards engaged in the mercantile business at Rodman, Jefferson county, New York, but in the fall of 1813 started with his merchandise and household goods for Cleveland, Ohio. Since, on his arrival at Buffalo, it was impossible to secure transportation for his goods, he left the greater part of them, hired two teams to take his family and their personal effects to Cleveland by wagon, and arrived at Ashtabula on the 15th day of January, 1814. On that same day his son Charles was born, and this event influenced his determination to make his home at Ashtabula, where he resided until his death, June 27, 1852. He was a useful, enterprising citizen, and performed his part in building up the city. The Booths are descended from English stock. The first of the family in this country was Richard Booth, born at Cheshire, England, 1607. He came to America in the first half of the seventeenth century, and settled at Stratford, Connecticut, where he became prominent in colonial affairs. The direct line of descent from Richard is as follows : Joseph, Zachariah, Zachariah, Jr., Lemuel, Philo and Charles, the subject of this sketch. This is the ,American lineage. Back of Richard, founder of the American branch, the family can be traced in unbroken lineage to one of the Norman de Boothes, who came to England with William the Conqueror, in 1066. Sophia Cooper, Charles Booth's mother: was born at Huntington, Long Island, of English ancestors. The first of .her family in America was John Cooper, who came in 1636, and in 1639 he was one of the twenty heads of families who formed the association which settled South Hampton, Long Island. The Coopers are from Buckinghamshire, England, and came across the Atlantic on the good ship Hopewell. Her father, John, was an only son, and a large landholder. Charles Booth's early education was in private schools and the Ashtabula Academy. Then he was sent to the academy at Austin burg, and from there to Hamilton College, Clinton, New York, where he remained one year. Returning to Ashtabula, he at once began the study of law, but later gave it up and went into the mercantile business with his father; but in 1840 he resumed the study of law in the office of 0. H. Fitch. In 1842 he was admitted to the Bar, and at once commenced practice in partnership with Laban S. Sherman. After continuing in business about three years, the firm was dissolved. He afterwards practiced alone until 'his death, on the 27th of May, 1897. Mr. Booth had a host of friends. He was a gentleman of the old school. Though not a great trial lawyer, as a counselor he was par excellence. In giving an opinion he did not rely upon the decision of cases in the higher courts, but after hearing all the facts and making a thorough analysis of the evidence, he would base his conclusions upon the fundamental principles of the law. He was seldom, if ever, wrong. Such was his reputation as a counsellor that lawyers would come from afar to consult with him on important legal questions that might come up in their practice. He


gave much time to the study of languages and the classics, and was a man of general knowledge and information outside of his profession. Politically Mr. Booth was an old line Whig, afterwards a Republican, and in the latter years of Nis life a Democrat. He was twice mayor of Ashtabula. He never married. Mr. Booth's nephew, Charles D. Booth, of Ashtabula, is now a law student at Harvard University, Cambridge.

WILLIAM R. WARNOCK, Urbana. Judge Warnock is a prominent member of the Champaign county Bar. .He is a citizen of the county by birth and continuous residence. He was born in Urbana, August 29, 1838, in the same house in which his mother was born, on the 8th day of January, 1814. His father, David Warnock, was of English descent, though born in Ireland, and his mother, Sarah A. Hitt, was of German extraction. Judge Warnock comes of a race of celebrated divines. His paternal great-grandfather was a rector in the established church of England, his grandfather removed to County Monaghan, Ireland, and became an elder in the Presbyterian Church, and it was there that David, Judge Warnock's father, was born. At the age of eighteen the latter came to America, about 1827, and located in Ohio. Seven years later he entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church and was connected with the Ohio and Cincinnati conferences until his death, in 1882, a period of nearly fifty years. The American branch of the Hitt family was founded in Farquhar county, Virginia, in 1730, and its numerous descendants have attained prominence in many States. Congressman Hitt, of Illinois, is a native of Champaign county, and a first cousin of Judge Warnock's mother. Her father, Rev. Samuel Hitt, came to Ohio in 1810 and two years later settled on a farm now inside the limits of Urbana, where she was born and where she still resides. Judge Warnock's early education was obtained in the public schools of Urbana, and he improved his opportunities so well that when he left them he was fitted to teach, and in this way, and by other employment, earned the money with which to equip himself with a collegiate education. He entered the Ohio Wesleyan University, at Delaware, and was graduated with the class of 1861. He began his legal studies in the office of Judge Ichabod Corwin, but after a few months abandoned them for service in the Union army. He recruited a company and was commissioned captain in July, 1862, and assigned to the Ninety-fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was twice promoted for gallant and meritorious conduct, first as major and then as lieutenant colonel of his regiment. He was slightly wounded in the right ear in one action, and in another had a horse killed under him while making a charge on a Confederate battery. He served three years and two months and in that time was only absent from his regiment once, when he came home on a twenty-day furlough, while his regiment was in camp. He took part in every battle, skirmish or march in which his regiment participated during the war. He was mustered out in August, 1865. .Returning to Urbana; he resumed his law


studies with. Judge Corwin, and in May, 1866, was admitted to the Bar and at once began practice at Urbana in connection with George M. Eichelberger. This partnership continued until 1879, when Mr. Warnock was elected to the Bench of the Court of Common Pleas, of Champaign county. He held the office of prosecuting attorney from 1868 to 1872. In 1875 he was elected to represent his district in the State Senate and served for the years 1876 and 1877. He was an active member of that body and took prominent part in shaping the legislation of those two years. He was a member of two of the most important committees—judiciary and corporations. When Governor Hayes was about to leave Columbus for Washington to be inaugurated as President of the United States, the general assembly of Ohio tendered the President-elect a reception, and Mr. Warnock was unanimously accorded the honor of making the farewell address in behalf of the Senate. Judge Warnock's career on the Bench was eminently satisfactory both to the Bar and all others interested. His decisions were marked by impartiality and close adherence to principles of the law governing the case. He was very rarely reversed by the higher courts. At the end of his second term he declined a renomination and again resumed the practice of law with Mr. Eichelberger, and has continued . in the same relation to the present time. He is the attorney, for the C. C. C. and St. L. Railway and Ohio Southern Railway, and is one of the most influential and able attorneys in the county. His standing is best represented in the language of one of his colleagues at the Bar, who has known him intimately from his boyhood :

" It gives me pleasure to speak of Judge Warnock, because I can do so and speak the truth without any mental reservation. I have known him intimately for over thirty years and can say that in every position he has occupied, either as a lawyer, as a public servant, as a judge or as a citizen, his life has been above reproach. He is one whose life may be read as the pages of an open book, without causing the reader to, in some measure, lose respect for the author. As a lawyer his efforts are indefatigable in the interests of his clients. As a judge he was fair and impartial, that justice might be done; and as a citizen he has come as near being an example of the golden rule as any person of my acquaintance. In his practice he is a good all round lawyer. He is concise in his statements and accurate in his judgment on questions of law. As an advocate he is one of the strongest in this section of the State. He is a fluent and ready speaker, logical and clear in his statements and effective before a jury. One of his marked characteristics is the uniform courtesy that marks his intercourse with all men, whether at home, in his office, on the street or in the court room. I do not say that he makes no mistakes—he is human ; but I do say that he is clearly living up to the light he has."

In his political faith Judge Warnock is a Republican, though not active in politics. In his religious creed he is a Methodist and is prominent in church affairs. He was one of the lay delegates from the Cincinnati conference to the general conference at Baltimore, in 1876. He holds the position of vice-president of the Third National Bank of Urbana. He is a member of the Masonic order, of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Loyal Legion. He was married August 20, 1868, to Miss Kate Murray, of Clark county.


They have three daughters. Judge Warnock is quiet and refined in his taste, is well read in current literature, and the hours not devoted to his business are spent at home with his family.

WALTER SCOTT THOMAS, Troy. William J. Thomas and his son, Walter Scott, have been leading members of the Miami county Bar for seventy-five years. Walter's parents were William J. and Lucinda (Neal) Thomas, the former of Welsh descent and a native of Philadelphia, and the latter of Scotch origin and a native of Parkersburg, West Virginia. He was born at Troy on the 8th day of April, 1838. Robert Thomas, his paternal grandfather, was a native of Swansea, Wales, .who came to America in 1790 and located at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.. Later he removed to Ohio and settled at Lancaster, where he died in the second decade of the present century. He established one of the first pottery manufacturing plants in the State at Lancaster and operated it until his death. William J. Thomas was prepared for college at the Lancaster schools and finished his literary education at the Ohio University at Athens. His legal education was obtained under the instruction of the elder Thomas Ewing. He was admitted to the Bar of Ohio, came to Troy in 1819 and opened an office for the practice of his profession, and for about fifty years was one of the prominent lawyers of western Ohio. He was. one of the early postmasters of Troy, and later served as prosecuting attorney of Miami county for three terms, and also represented his district in the State-Senate for two terms. He was one of. the leaders of the Whig party in that section, but when that party coalesced with the new Republican party, he-thereafter affiliated with the Democratic party. He died at Lawrence, Kansas, in 1869, at the age of seventy-three, of pneumonia, from the effects of a cold contracted while out hunting with a party of friends in that vicinity. Mr. Thomas's maternal ancestors came to America from Scotland in the early part of the eighteenth century, settled in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and became a large and influential family. They took an active part in the war for independence. Mr. Thomas's maternal grandfather was also a soldier in the War of 1812. His grandmother in early life was a wealthy slave owner, who, being too conscientious to hold human beings as chattels, freed her slaves and brought them with her to Ohio. The family located at Troy, where many of her descendants still live. She was a near relative to the mother of General Stonewall Jackson of Confederate army fame. Walter S. Thomas received his early education in the public schools of Troy. He was a member-of the first class that was graduated from the high school in 1856, and was valedictorian of the class. In 1857 he entered the Sophomore class of the Miami University, at Oxford, and was graduated from that institution in 1860,. with the classical honors of his class, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts.. Later in life his Alma Mater conferred on him the degree of Master of Arts. After leaving school he at once began the study of law in his father's office,.


which he continued for one year. He entered the Law Department of Harvard University in the fall of 1861, remaining there until the close of the school year in 1862. He was admitted to the Bar of Ohio in the same year, and immediately began the practice of his profession in partnership with his father, at Troy. The blood of his Revolutionary ancestors was too warm in his veins to permit him to remain at home in security and ease when his country called for help. In the fall of 1863 he entered the United States navy and was assigned to service in the squadron of the Mississippi, serving until the close of the war in 1865. Returning home, he resumed the practice of his profession. During the summer of the same year he was appointed United States

commissioner for the Southern District of Ohio, and has held the office continuously to the present time. In the fall of 1865 he was elected on the Republican ticket for the office of prosecuting attorney of Miami county, and was re-elected in 1867. Later he served two terms as member of the board of education, part of the time as president of the board. In 1887 he became principal owner, and two years later assumed editorial control and management, of the Miami Union, the oldest Republican newspaper in the county, which he still controls. With this exception he has since his admission to the Bar devoted his attention entirely to the practice of law, and the firm of Thomas & Thomas, of which he is the head, has the full confidence of the business community. The practice of the firm is a general one in both the State and Federal courts. Mr. Thomas has found time to cultivate his literary taste and is also quite a linguist. He speaks both French and German fluently and is a writer of ability. His mind has been enriched by research in many fields of literature and by travel and observation in many countries. His travel has carried him over most of the inhabited parts of the North American continent, and he has toured in Europe twice, first in 1872 with his wife and son, and again in 1889, when he visited the Paris Exposition and spent four months on the European continent. He is a member of the Masonic order, a Knight Templar since 1869, and of the Knights of Pythias. He was married December 16, 1863, to Miss Isabella Stuart Collins, daughter of James and Sarah (Mitchell) Collins, of Fairport, New York, whose ancestors were among the early settlers of Vermont. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas have four children : Eugene Collins, in the newspaper business at Troy ; Letitia E., Lucinda C., and Walter C. In speaking of Mr. Thomas's career at the Miami county Bar, one of the oldest and best known practitioners said :

" There are few better known law firms in this district than that of Thomas & Thomas. The father of the present members of the firm was among the early settlers of the county, and began practice here when courts were held in log school houses and one judge sufficed for a circuit that included Cincinnati, Dayton, Toledo and all intermediate points. He grew with the country, and being a good lawyer and faithful to the interests of his clients, he had a large clientage when his son Walter S. Thomas came into the business. The latter is a well educated and a well read man in the law and has maintained himself well in the practice. Some years after the death of his father a brother of Walter S. was admitted to the business, and the firm of


Thomas & Thomas, as now composed, was formed. They are regarded as conservative and safe lawyers, and the firm has a very large practice which covers a wide territory."

ADDISON F. BROOMHALL, Troy. Mr. Broornhall is a native of Ohio. born at Wilmington, Clinton county, July 22, 1856. His parents were Webb and ,Adelaide (Funkle) Broomhall, the former of English and the latter of German and English descent. John Broomhall, who came to America in 1732, was the founder. Both his paternal and maternal ancestors came to America in Colonial times. His father came to Ohio from Chester county, Pennsylvania, with his parents, when a child, and later in life married and settled at Wilmington, Clinton county, where he engaged for many years in merchandising. Addison. received his early education in the common and high schools of Wilmington and Circleville, which was supplemented by a course at Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio. In 1879 he located at Troy, and took up the study of law under the instruction of Walter S. Thomas, a prominent practitioner of the Miami county Bar. After taking the prescribed course of two years he was admitted to practice by the Supreme Court and at once entered on the practice at Troy, in partnership with his preceptor. This association continued for two years, when the firm was dissolved. Since that time he has continued the practice alone. Mr. Broomhall belongs to that class who owe their success entirely to their own industry and ability. He has attained a position in the very front rank of the Miami county Bar without the aid of either money or influential friends. He is purely a lawyer, modest and unassuming in his manners personally, but he has the reputation of being aggressive to the verge of boldness in the interest of his clients. He has a high appreciation of the duties of the profession and the responsibilities of the attorney to his clients. He has a large practice, both general and corporation. He is the attorney for the C. H. & D. R. R. Company for Miami county, and has maintained himself well in his practice against some of the best talent in the State. Referring to his ability as a lawyer and to his leading characteristics, an old and prominent member of the local Bar says:

" Addison F. Broomhall is not one of the oldest members of this Bar, but he is one of the leading ones. He is succeeding because he deserves success. I have known him from a very young man and have watched his career with considerable interest. He has always been a hard student, and fortunately for him, he is physically constituted so that he can well withstand the task he puts upon himself. He is very conscientious in the discharge of his duty to his clients. He is not above the drudgery of the profession. His cases are prepared with painstaking care, and he fights to the last ditch for the interests he represents. He is at his best in the trial of cases before a jury or the court. He is alert and quick to perceive the advantage or mistakes of his adversary, and contention seems to act as a spur to his mind. He is at all times a pleasant and logical speaker, clear in his arguments and concise in his statements, and under the influence of strong feeling is both eloquent and brilliant. The professional side of his nature is public and well known ; there is another side


to his life that is not so well understood. During business hours he attends strictly to his business as a lawyer and does not permit outside matters to interfere with his practice, but when office hours are over he enters a new sphere in which his family and his library are the central figures. He has a decided literary taste, and his readings embrace a wide variety of subjects. He is of studious habits and in his researches has imbibed some ideas on economic questions that, are not laid down in the platforms of either of the two great political parties, and has expressed these views forcibly both in public speech and in public print. While he has affiliated with the Republican party, he has advanced views on some of the questions of public concern, regardless of what others may say. This is one of his characteristics. He would rather be right than to he popular. He is absolutely devoid of ambition for political preferment; his highest ambition is to be a useful citizen. As a platform speaker he has more than a local reputation and is 'frequently called outside of the State to make addresses. He is held in high esteem by the profession locally, and in that wider circle with which practice in the higher courts has brought him into contact."

Mr. Broomhall was married in December, 1881, to Miss Estella Baird, daughter of Davis and Martha Baird of Troy. They have one son and one d daughter.

HARRISON WILSON, Sidney. Colonel Harrison Wilson, one of the judges of the Second Circuit, is a native of Ohio. He was born on a farm near Cadiz, March 15, 1841. For several generations his ancestors lived in Virginia. His grandfather, Thomas Wilson, who served in the Revolutionary War for seven years and received wounds front which he never recovered, emigrated to Ohio when his father, Thomas Wilson, Jr., was only three years of age. The family settled in Jefferson county on military lands granted to the grandfather for his patriotic services in behalf of the independence and union of the American colonies. his mother, Mary Harper, also a Virginian, who was related through her father to the famous Jackson family of Virginia, died when he was only five years of age. He was thus deprived, at a period when it is most urgently needed, of the unselfish love, the tender sympathy and deep solicitude which only a mother feels for her child. When the judge was seven years old the family removed to a farm in the adjoining county of Belmont, and the ensuing period of six years was passed in farm work and attending the district school. At the age of thirteen his father placed him and his two brothers in the Albany Manual Training School in Athens county and then removed to Iowa, where he passed the remaining years of his life, dying in 1876. Judge Wilson matriculated in the Ohio University at. Athens, in which he completed three years of the college course, teaching each winter to support himself at college during the remainder of the year. At the close of his Junior year he was teaching for a term, and one evening after school was dismissed he wrote on the blackboard, " This school closed until the war is over," walked eighteen miles that night and enlisted as a soldier, on the 21st day of June, 1861. He was mustered as a private in Company I, Twenty-fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served


in the ranks with his company in West Virginia until December 7th of the. same year, when he received an appointment as second lieutenant. He was assigned to the Twentieth Ohio Infantry under its re-organization for three years' service. Serving with this regiment until the close of the war, he was advanced from the lowest rank of commissioned officer to the command of the regiment, without skipping an intermediate position. His promotions were successively to first lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel and colonel. For a period of nine months he also served as adjutant. Shirking no duty, asking no soft places, he was in all of the engagements under Grant from Fort Donaldson to Vicksburg ; under Sherman from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and from Atlanta to the sea ; through the Carolinas to-Washington and in the grand review which marked' the overthrow of the Rebellion. His bravery was attested by the medal of honor, conferred for " gallant services on the field," at the battle of Raymond. Colonel Wilson was a member of a fighting family. He is one of the six brothers who rendered honorable service in the Union army. His brother Lewis, who was first lieutenant and acting adjutant, was killed at the battle of Gettysburg. His brother William was a member of the Third Ohio Infantry and confined for months in the dreary Libby Prison. His brother Thomas, captain of a company in the Sixty-second Ohio Infantry, was severely wounded at Fort Wagner, and has never recovered. At the close of the war Colonel Wilson settled at Sidney and took up the study of law with the late attorney-general, James Murray. He was admitted to the Bar in 1873, and for six years thereafter was associated in partnership with General Murray—until the latter's death in 1879. From that time until his election as judge in 1895 Colonel Wilson continued in the practice at Sidney. He built up a profitable business from a large clientage. His employment covered much of the litigation in the courts of his own county and extended to numerous important cases outside the county. In 1895 he was chosen to the Bench of the Second Circuit for the residue of the term of Judge Shauck, who had been promoted to the Supreme Bench. At the November election, in 1896, he was re-elected for the full term, beginning February 9, 1897. He evinces marked aptitude for the work of a judge. His disposition to investigate cases and authorities, his general knowledge of the law, and his desire to decide correctly, all tend to cautious, deliberate action. His integrity of mind and honesty of purpose—his absolute incorruptibility—make him eminently safe in the disposal of large interests. The constitution of his mind is such as to give him a clear conception of the knotty questions sometimes involved, and his feeling of fraternity permits the fullest and freest interchange of opinions with his associates on the Bench. His urbanity and courtesy give him popularity with the Bar, and there is general satisfaction

with his opinions. Judge Wilson was a capable trial lawyer and a strong advocate before he became a judge. Politically he has always been a Republican. His personal popularity made him an available candidate of his party for Congress in 1878; and while not hoping for election he was able to reduce the Democratic majority of five thousand down to eighteen hundred,


and scare the opposition considerably. He is a Past Commander of Neal Post No. 62, G. A. R., and a member of the Ohio State Commandery of the Loyal Legion. He takes a lively interest in affairs of the organizations to perpetuate the history and memories of the war. Judge Wilson was married January 1, 1867, to Mary C. Fry, of Sidney, and the union has been blessed with a family of eight children. The home life of the judge is almost ideal in its happiness and hospitality. He has no occasion for the social pleasures of a club, when his home affords all the means of recreation and social enjoyment. There is about it and within it an air of refinement and purity, and its appointments, as well as its membership, conduce to restfulness and renewal of the vigor and vivacity essential to the best professional work, the activities of business, or the duties of social life.

CHARLES L. SPENCER, Xenia. The Spencers are of English descent. They came to America in colonial times and settled in Connecticut. The grandfather of Charles L. moved to New York early in the present century, locating in Herkimer county, where Newton Spencer, the father of our subject, was born. When a young man he came to Ohio, about 1838, and located at Newark. He was a miller and followed his trade. He married Miss Lucinda Trickey, of Pennsylvania ancestry. Charles L. was born in Newark, April 4, 1848. When he was seven years of age his father moved to southern Iowa and engaged in farming. In that new and, at that time, undeveloped country, educational advantages were meager, and were only such as could be obtained in the country district schools during the three months they were in session each year. The remainder of the year he assisted his father on the farm. He was an active, earnest boy, quick to improve his opportunities, and though his early education was confined to the rudiments, he supplemented this by general reading and study at home, until he reached the age of nineteen, when he entered the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware. He remained at that institution for five years, with the exception of a portion of three winters when he taught school. While teaching he kept up his studies and held his position in his class. His last experience as a teacher was as principal of the Xenia high school. Choosing the law for a permanent vocation, he began a course of reading with English & Baldwin, a prominent law firm of Columbus, Ohio, and afterwards with Noyes & Lloyd, of Cincinnati. He was admitted to the Bar in 1875 and began practice the next year at Xenia, in partnership with J. E. Hawes, who afterwards became judge of the Common Pleas Court of Greene county. This arrangement continued one year, when the firm was dissolved. Mr. Spencer was alone for two years and then became associated with W. J. Alexander in a partnership which continued six years. After that time Mr. Spencer was alone until the present firm was formed, in 1886. In his twenty years' practice at the Xenia Bar Mr. Spencer has made a fine reputation as a lawyer and built up a large practice. He has always been associated


with strong men, Ur. Little in particular, his present partner, having a reputation for ability that is national, and a practice that extends to every court in the State. He has been honored by almost every office within the gift of the people of his district. He was first mayor of the city ; prosecuting attorney two terms ; member of the State legislature ; attorney-general of the State ; member of Congress, and presiding judge of the United States and Venezuela Claims Commission. Both members of the firm are what may be termed self-made men. They both began life with nothing but their native ability, and rose to their present eminence in their profession by their own exertions. Both in the character of their clientage and in the volume of their business, the firm is perhaps the leading one in Greene county. There are very few cases of importance that come before the court that this firm is not represented. This is particularly true of the cases that are carried to the higher courts. In politics Mr. Spencer is a Republican. He was married in 1885 to Miss Luella M., daughter of Andrew and Lavinia Currie, of Greene county. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and regular attendants, and socially stand high. The local standing of Mr. Spencer is voiced in the quotations below from the conversation of a very able representative of the Xenia Bar : " For a young man Mr. Spencer occupies a very enviable position at the Bar. The firm of Little & Spencer is conceded to be a leading one in western Ohio. Mr. Little has been a very conspicuous figure in this section for many years, and his personality, of course, has much to do with the large practice the firm controls. Mr. Spencer is a growing man. He is a well read lawyer and a safe and conservative counsellor. He is affable in his manners and personally is well liked. For the length of time he has been in practice, there are few men at this Bar who have a larger clientage. Mr. Little is himself a very able man and has always had able men for business associates, and Mr. Spencer is no exception to the rule."

JOHN E. SATER, Columbus. John E. Sater was born near New Haven, Hamilton county, Ohio, on the, 16th day of January, 1854. His father, John J. Sater, was a farmer, and a native of this State. The Saters are of English descent. They came to this country prior to the American Revolution and settled in eastern Pennsylvania. His grandfather came to Ohio in the early days and was one of the first settlers in Crosby township, Hamilton county. His mother, Nancy Larison, was born in Ohio. Her parents came to the State from New Jersey and settled near Cincinnati about the beginning of the present century. Young Sater was left an orphan at ten, and his circumstances were such that he was compelled in a large measure to educate himself. He attended the country schools until he was thirteen ; then entered a select school near his home, working in the spring and summer on the farm. At sixteen he began teaching and in this way, and from his work on the farm, earned a considerable part of the money with which he completed his education. In the


fall of 1871 he entered the Freshman class of Miami University, and remained through his Sophomore year. He then entered the Junior class of Marietta College and was graduated in the class of 1875, taking the second classical honor. Immediately after leaving college he was elected superintendent of schools at Wauseon, Fulton county, Ohio. The duties of this position he discharged with great credit, and to the entire satisfaction of the people of the district. Under his influence there was a perceptible improvement in the schools throughout the entire county. In the spring of 1881 he resigned his superintendency to accept the chief clerkship in the office of the State school commissioner at Columbus: This position he held until January 14, 1884. While engaged with the duties of this clerkship he commenced the study of law under the direction of J. H. Collins, who is counsel for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. After retiring from the office of the school commissioner he entered the office of Mr. Collins, where he remained until he was admitted to the Bar by the Supreme Court, on the 3rd day of June, 1884. He at once commenced the practice of law in Columbus, and has since continued. His practice can be termed a general civil practice. He has been identified with much important litigation. Among the important cases with which he has been connected may be mentioned the large and varied litigation growing out of the Great Southern Hotel, the Fifth Avenue Savings. Bank cases, and the Masonic controversy. Mr. Sater has always been a student and hard worker. His standing as a lawyer is high at the Bar, and he has a desirable clientage. For several years past he has acted as counsel for the Citizens' Savings Bank, the Columbus Savings Bank Company, and other important concerns. He has given much attention to real estate law. While not making a specialty of this branch of the law, he is considered an authority on questions pertaining to land titles. In politics he is a Republican. For five years he was a member of the board of education and for two years president of the board. In 1889 he married Mary Lyon, of Wauseon. There are no children by the union.

ARCHIBALD MAYO, Chillicothe. For a score of years Mr. Mayo has been one of the best known lawyers of southern Ohio. He is descended from three old and notable families—the Mayos, numerous in Virginia ; the Edwardses of Virginia, Kentucky and Illinois, and the Beales of Maryland, intermarried with the Edwardses. His mother's father was Heyden Edwards, who obtained from the President of Mexico a large land grant in Texas, while it was a province of Mexico, and afterwards became involved in the struggle for the independence of Texas. He was nearly related to the first governor of Illinois, and to that Benjamin Edwards who is recorded in the life of the eminent William Wirt as his early friend and patron. All the branches of Archibald Mayo's ancestry had gentility and courage, intellectual force and admirable social traits. His mother, a woman of great loveliness of character and remarkable beauty, died but recently at his home at the advanced age of eighty-seven


years. His paternal grandfather, Benjamin Mayo, was a gentleman of unusual attainments, who lived a long tune in Philadelphia, where he established a school for young ladies, famous in its day, and published several text-books used in schools and academies. His father, Herman Boseman Mayo, received a liberal and classical education, read law with one of the most distinguished practitioners in Philadelphia, and afterwards spent some time in New Orleans studying the exceptional judicial system of that State, based on the civil law and the Code Napoleon. Having equipped himself for professional life by varied studies and wide observation, he settled in Cincinnati under most favorable conditions. His health soon broke and he retired to the suburban town of Oxford, where he lived the most of his life. Financial misfortune overtook him in later years, sweeping away the larger part of his property in Philadelphia and New Orleans, from which his income had been derived, and he followed his son to Vinton county, where he filled the office of Probate Judge for six years. Archibald Mayo was born at Oxford, June 11, 1839, but spent most of his youth in the home of his grandparents in Philadelphia, where he was prepared for college. His higher education was procured at Miami University, an institution located in his native town. When the first overt act of rebellion was committed he enlisted as a volunteer in the three months' service in a company made up of college boys. He afterwards engaged in teaching for some time, and while thus employed in Hamilton, took up the study of law, for which he inherited both taste and talent. He read with avidity and laid thoroughly well the foundation of his legal education. He was just admitted and had not yet begun the practice when his talents as a political speaker were recognized, and forthwith he was nominated as the candidate of his party and elected representative in the State legislature, where he greatly distinguished himself, his speeches on important questions being widely published by the press of the State. At the close of his service he formed a partnership with a fellow member and located in Vinton county, to engage in the practice of a profession for which his reading and study, no less than his ability and aptitudes, so amply qualified him. He was elected to the office of prosecuting attorney the first year of his practice, and again filled that office shortly after his removal, in the year 1870, to Chillicothe. For some years, as partner of Honorable Porter DuHad way, he had law offices in both Jackson and Vinton counties. From the time he entered upon the practice of his profession until the present his reputation as a lawyer and his fame as an orator have grown until neither is measured by the limits of the State. He has never been a plodder, and, while fond of the study of law as a science, has never taken pleasure in the daily routine or mere drudgery of an office. When his interest is fully enlisted, however, he becomes thoroughly absorbed in the matter in hand and labors with great intensity and dispatch. He may be depended upon to try a cause with remarkable skill. He discerns the main drift as by intuition, and no collateral question bearing upon the case escapes his observation. His tact in the presentation of evidence and the cross-examination of witnesses is at once the hope of his clients and the terror of his adversaries.


His argument before the jury is massive and discriminating. He knows how to hurl in the facts and when to touch them tenderly ; how to appeal with gentleness to sympathy and when to let loose the thunderbolts of denunciation. His mastery of a choice vocabulary gives him great power as an advocate. A few estimates and characterizations by members of the profession who know him thoroughly are appended :

One member of the Bar says : " Mr. Mayo's greatest ability is shown in the trial of cases as a merciless cross-examiner. His greatest power is in argument to a jury. The details of office work are very distasteful to him, but when that is done he is a powerful and polished speaker. He

makes a very clear and logical argument in presenting the law to the court. 'He knows what forty-nine lawyers out of fifty do not know—when to stop."

Another lawyer says : "Mr. Mayo has added to a liberal education an immense amount of literary reading. Fondness for literature, in fact, is his leading characteristic, and this is so perhaps because that kind of reading contributes to his extraordinary talent as an advocate. He has also what' is uncommon with brilliant talkers—a powerful analytical faculty. He is not fond of the drudgery of the profession. If his energy and fondness for work were commensurate with his lawyer-like talents his reputation would be national. He is kind, considerate, sensitive and graceful. In his companionship one forgets the significance of selfishness. His peculiar talents qualify him for great distinction in social life, but it seems he has never been especially fond of society. A few companions who have a fellow feeling in a literary way, and plenty of books, supply all his social requirements. He reminds one of what Johnson said of Burke : ' You could not meet him under a tree in a. rainstorm without ascertaining at once that he was much more than an ordinary man and more—a man that you liked."

A third prominent Chillicothe lawyer says : " Mr. Mayo is regarded at this Bar as a very able lawyer, well versed in the principles of law. His qualities are best exhibited as a trial or jury lawyer, excelling as a cross-examiner and in presenting the facts to a jury. In this particular he has few equals and scarcely any superiors. In the argument of legal questions he is always forcible and clear, but his art is best shown in the arrangement and use of facts. His reading has been extensive, covering almost the entire field of polite literature and including almost all subjects. He has not been a casual reader, but has studied books so closely as to make the matter his own. In all of his addresses he has been able to use his extensive reading to great advantage. Socially he is an elegant conversationalist of rare powers, a gentleman of naturally fine taste. Having enjoyed advantages of excellent training in his youth, both in college and in cultivated society, he has acquired unusually .easy, graceful and pleasing manners ; whilst his large attainments, natural eloquence and remarkable sympathy make him a delightful companion. His temperament is peculiar; he has his moods. We do not know whether it is owing to a lack of inclination or because of mental prostration ; but we have at times listened to Mr. Mayo when he would speak hesitatingly and with great difficulty, grasping at ideas and appropriate words like a bashful school boy. It is possible that his mind requires the stimulus of a great occasion to insure freedom of action with the best results. Certain it is that he always rises to such an occasion, and when one listens to his impassioned utterances it is difficult to believe that he could ever be found groping for the best words to express his ideas."


Since his early experience as legislator and public prosecutor Mr. Mayo has held no political or professional office. He was the candidate of his party for member of the last constitutional convention ; and since then has been, without his solicitation, several times nominated for judicial positions, but although he always obtained in addition to his party vote a liberal support from political opponents who recognized his superior fitness, the party majority was too great to overcome. He has been a member of the board of education of Chillicothe and president of that body ; and a vestryman of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity. He never married, but a younger sister, Miss Elizabeth Mayo, between whom and himself there exist a rare sympathy and attachment, has been his constant companion throughout nearly all the years embraced in his professional life. Having the same quiet tastes and fondness for books, she has been to her brother the most congenial of life partners and he never fails to attribute to her counsel and companionship all that is best and happiest in his career. He likes to relate how, when they were very young, they pledged themselves to a life-long comradeship and mutual home making, and to congratulate himself on the result.

JOHN S. LEEDOM, Urbana. Mr. Leedom belongs to that class of Ohio citizens who began their life work with no other resources than those with which they were endowed by nature. He was born in Buck's county, Pennsylvania, August 1, 1826. His parents were Thomas Y. and Ann (Stockton) Leedom, both of English descent. The Leedom family came to America in colonial days, while the Stocktons were among the early settlers of New Jersey, some of the family locating later in Pennsylvania. The family took a prominent part in the agitation leading up to the Declaration of Independence, and the war of the Revolution. Richard Stockton was one of the signers of that historical document. The parents of John S. Leedom came to Ohio in 1831, first locating in Miami county, but about 1835 settled permanently in Champaign county, where they resided until their death, his father in 1870 and his mother in 1883. Mr. Leedom received a good common school education, but that was all his parents were able to give him. He felt his ability to get an education for himself, and without the aid of either money or influential friends he not only secured an education but in later years rose to prominence in his chosen profession. He taught school in the winter season and attended the Springfield Academy during the spring and summer for a period of three years. He then entered the office of General John H. Young, the leading attorney of Champaign county, for the purpose of obtaining a legal education: He remained about one year, when he entered the Law Department of the Indiana State University at Bloomington, from which he was graduated in 1851. He was admitted to the Bar in Cincinnati in the spring of 1852 and immediately began the practice of his profession in partnership with his first


preceptor, at Urbana. This partnership continued until 1865. He then formed a partnership with the late James Taylor, under the firm name of Leedom & Taylor, which continued for a short time. He later formed a partnership with Jesse M. Lewis, which still continues. Mr. Leedom served three terms as prosecuting attorney of Champaign county, the only elective office he has ever held, though he is eminently qualified to fill any place of trust within the gift of the people. In politics Mr. Leedom is a Democrat, and as Champaign county is, and long has been, Republican or Whig, men of opposite views were seldom elected to any place of trust. In 1868 he was the candidate of his party for Congress from his district, but the district being strongly Republican, he was not elected. The Democratic vote of Champaign county has been cast for him for many offices at different times, and he is regarded as one of the very ablest as well as most popular men of his party in the district. As a lawyer he is recognized as one of the leading members of the profession in that section of the State, and has a widely extended practice. He is a well read lawyer, a safe counsellor and a strong advocate. Referring to his ability and chief characteristics, one of the oldest and ablest members of the Champaign county Bar says:

"John S. Leedom holds an undisputed position as one of the leading attorneys of the judicial district. He is a good all round lawyer, competent to take care of the interests of his clients either in the office or before a judge and jury. He is conscientious and enters into the interests of his clients with all his strong force and ability. As a trial lawyer he is one of the best at this Bar. 'Yes, he is strong before a jury, though his addresses are marked rather by their clear, concise and forceful presentation of facts, than by impassioned oratory. He appeals to the judgment of a jury rather than to their sentiment. He is strictly fair and upright in his intercourse with all men, courteous and accommodating in his disposition and a useful and public-spirited citizen." Said an ex-judge of the district ; "John S. Leedom's name must go into history as one of the greatest lawyers of the Champaign county Bar.. He does not belong to that class that are great in their own estimation. He is one of the most unassuming of men and very deferential in his deportment. The whole of his mature life has been devoted. to the study of law, and as a correct exponent of these principles he has few equals in this section of the State. While mild in his manners, he is firm as a rock in his convictions, and always ready to give the facts on which they are based. He is generous to his opponents, and always ready to concede to them all to which they are • entitled, and if a weak one, sometimes more. He is a pure and able lawyer, whose example is worthy of emulation."

He was married October 26, 1852, to Miss Louisa J. Furrow, a native of Piqua, Ohio. They have two daughters, the elder married to Mr. Joseph Perkins, a manufacturer of Cleveland, Ohio ; the younger one is at home with her parents. Mr. Leedom is, and always has been, purely a lawyer and has engaged in no other business, and the time not devoted to his law practice has been spent within the sacred precincts of home. As man and boy he has spent sixty years of his life in Champaign county, and during all these years has retained the respect and esteem of a constantly widening circle of friends and acquaintances.


HENRY L. DICKEY, Greenfield. Henry Luther Dickey was born at South Salem, Ross county, Ohio, October 29, 1832. He is of Scotch-Irish descent through the lineage of his father, the late Judge Alfred S. Dickey. His great-grandfather emigrated from the North of Ireland and settled in

Albemarle county, Virginia, before the Revolutionary War. His grandfather, marrying a Miss Henry in Virginia, moved into Tennessee, where his father was born in 1812. In 1816, when his father was four years of age, the family came to Ohio and located near South Salem, where he grew to manhood. Through his mother, Emily A. MacKerley, a native of New Jersey, his descent is German. The MacKerley family reached Ohio simultaneously with the Dickeys, and located in Highland county, a few miles from Greenfield. The dust of two generations of ancestors reposes in the State of his birth, strengthening the attachments of home and inspiring a loftier patriotism. Judge Alfred S. Dickey located in Washington Court House for the practice of law when the subject of our sketch was four years of age and remained there eleven years, removing thence to Greenfield in 1847 on account of the better educational facilities afforded in the latter place. Henry was liberally educated in the Greenfield Academy, under the instruction of excellent teachers. At the age of twenty he secured a position with the corps of engineers engaged in locating the Marietta and Cincinnati—now the B. and O. S. W.—railroad and rendered such valuable service as to receive promotion to the rank of assistant engineer within a year of the time of his employment. He was placed in charge of construction of a division of the road, with headquarters at Hamden, Vinton county, and served until the work was nearly completed. The vocation of a civil engineer, however lucrative and pleasant in many respects, was not to his liking. He had natural aptitudes and inherited predilections for the law. Therefore, resigning his position with the railroad company, he entered upon a course of study in the office -of his father, fortunate in having a teacher so well qualified and, so deeply interested in his advancement. His reading embraced the usual text-books and authorities on the various divisions and branches of the law and was pursued with such determinate purpose and thoroughness as to warrant his admission to the Bar in 1857. Immediately thereafter he took a course of study covering a period of two years in the Cincinnati Law School. About the time this was completed he inherited the legal business of his father, who had been appointed judge of the Court of Common Pleas by the distinguished governor, Salmon P. Chase. Association with his father in study, familiarity with his methods of transacting business and general acquaintance with his clients, supplemented by his own natural ability and knowledge of the law, enabled him to take up the practice, conduct the litigation satisfactorily and hold the large clientage. His father continued on the Bench by successive elections for a period of fifteen years and until the date of his death, in 1873. His father's accession to the Bench at the time was doubtless of great advantage to the young lawyer fresh from the law school. The latter assumed the responsibility without hesitation, devoted himself assiduously to the large and important business accumulated by his father through many


years of successful practice, and worked incessantly to prove himself a worthy successor. From that beginning he has continued in the practice of law nearly forty years, interrupted only by the breaking down of his health for a brief period and absence from home in official position. Continuous application to the details of office work and the exacting duties of a trial lawyer, after some years, impaired his health and he found recreation in his former pursuit of civil engineer. Accepting appointment at the hands of the county commissioners to superintend the construction of a system of turnpikes in the county, he surveyed the lands to be assessed for the improvement and supervised the work until more than a hundred miles of excellent roads had been constructed within a period of three years. With renewed energy and restored health he resumed the practice of law, engaging interchangeably in both civil and criminal business. He has, through all the years, been essentially and primarily a lawyer, practicing in all the courts of the State and, upon the motion of Justice Stanley Matthews, admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of the United States. And yet he has frequently turned aside for the excitement of political campaigns and the allurements of public office. He started in political life as a Democrat of the Douglas school, and has supported the Democratic party consistently. In 1860 he was nominated and elected to the State legislature, overcoming an adverse majority. Two years later he was defeated for re-election by the candidate of the Union party, a name adopted by the Republicans during the war in order to popularize their canvasses. In 1867 he was elected to the State Senate, and rendered the country honorable service in supporting Judge Thurman for United States senator and defeating Vallandigham. In 1876 he was elected to Congress as the nominee of his party and attended both the extra and regular sessions of that body. In 1878 he was re-elected, serving until March 4, 1881, when he retired to private life, resumed the practice of law and engaged in banking. While a member of Congress he was instrumental in curing the defects and quieting the title to large bodies of land situated in .the Virginia Military Reservation in Ohio, by a bill introduced by himself and pressed to passage. He was one of the organizers of the Commercial Bank at Greenfield, of which he has been the president for some time. Mr. Dickey is an orator and political debater of unusual force and ability. During the war he delivered many patriotic addresses to encourage enlistments of volunteers, and gave loyal support to the government. In the legislature he supported the measures designed for the vigorous prosecution of the war. In his canvasses before the people as a candidate for political office he has usually challenged his competitor to engage in a joint discussion of issues, and has always exhibited a fearlessness in the presentation of his case before a public audience. He has been twice honored with the nomination for judge of his district by the Democratic party, and at each election received support far beyond the strength of his party ; but the district being very largely of opposite politics, he failed of election. He is not infrequently called upon to address public meetings of a non-partisan character and is always heard with interest and attention. The social and benevolent traits of his


character are to some extent suggested by membership in the order of Free and Accepted Masons, which has been continuous for forty years, and charter membership in McLain Lodge K. of P. His moral and religious propensities are indicated by activity in behalf of temperance reform and membership in the Presbyterian Church, with which he united in 1877. He rendered valuable service toward securing, and always exhibited commendable public spirit in favor of railroads, water works, electric light plant and whatever has tended to improve the city and inure to the comfort or convenience of the citizens. Mr. Dickey was married January 2, 1861, to Miss Mary L. Harper, of Greenfield, just in time to spend the honeymoon in the Ohio legislature. Their sons and daughters are Harold A., Charles A., Mrs. Bessie H. Heiskell, and Mrs. Clara A. Devoss, all of whom live at Greenfield.

HENRY C. VAN VOORHIS, Zanesville. Mr. Van Voorhis is a native of Muskingum county, born on his father's farm 'in Licking township, May 11, 1852, of Anglo-Teutonic parentage. His parents were Daniel and Jane (Roberts) Van Voorhis, the former a native of Washington county, Pennsylvania, and the latter of Muskingum county, Ohio. The founder of the American branch of the Van Voorhis family came to America and settled on Manhattan Island, while New York was yet a Dutch colony. The date was about 1660. His posterity scattered over the middle and western states. John Van Voorhis, the grandfather of Henry C., was a native of New Jersey, but settled in Pennsylvania about the close of the Revolutionary War. He removed with his family to Ohio in 1812 and settled on a tract of land in Muskingum county; took an active and honorable part in opening up the country and left a competence for his posterity. Daniel, his son, and the father of the subject of this sketch, followed the vocation of an agriculturist all his life and became one of the most prominent and influential farmers in the county. He represented the county in the legislature during the years 1860-61. He was also a member of the Ohio Constitutional convention in 1871-72. Mr. Van Voorhis's maternal ancestors came from England and settled in Virginia in colonial times, his mother's family removing to Muskingum county shortly after the territory was ceded to the United States and opened for settlement. Henry C. was reared on the farm ; in his boyhood and youth he attended the school of his district in Licking township. At the age of seventeen he entered Dennison University, at Granville, Ohio, remaining there for three years. In 1872 he began the study of law under tutorship of Judge Evans, in the office of Evans & Beard, of Zanesville. In August, 1874, he was admitted to the Bar. In the winter of 1874-75 he attended the Law Department of the Cincinnati College, and the following spring began the practice of law at Zanesville, in partnership with Captain A. H. Evans. Two years later he formed a partnership with A. A. Frazier. This association remained in effect until 1885, when Mr. Van Voorhis was elected president of the Citizens' National Bank, a position


he retained until 1892. In that year he was made the Republican nominee to represent the district in Congress, and was elected, and re-elected in 1894 and again in 1896. Mr. Van Voorhis was a successful lawyer, but was not prominent in the practice after his election to the position of bank president, the affairs of the bank and his private business making a large draft on his time. Before taking his seat as congressman he resigned the office of bank president, but is still a director and stockholder. He possesses the esteem of the profession and the confidence and respect of the community. Said one of the old and prominent practitioners of the Zanesville Bar, in reference to Mr. Van Voorhis's ability as a lawyer and standing as a business man and citizen :

" Mr. Van Voorhis while in active practice was a very successful lawyer. He had influences behind him that materially assisted him ; but he has ability, and being an indefatigable worker, he would have succeeded without this help, but his rise might not have been so rapid. He was more of a chancery than a trial lawyer, though his practice was a general one. Had he elected to devote his entire time and attention to the profession he undoubtedly would have attained a prominent position. Hard work counts more than brilliancy in win-nine, law cases and Mr. Van Voorhis has ever been a worker in whatever position he has been placed. When a young man at school he was a conscientious student; in the study of law he was thorough ; and in practice be never slighted the drudgery of the profession. He proved himself to be a successful business man and banker, and as a member of Congress he belongs to the active working element and is one of the best ever sent to the House from this district. His natural ability, supplemented as it is by a thorough business training, makes him a valuable member where trained talent is all too scarce. He is at present on the committee of banking and currency and has charge of the bills on the floor of the House reported by that committee. Personally he is of an accommodating disposition, courteous and affable in his manners and of strict integrity. That he has three times been elected to the same office when there are several other men in the district who would be quite willing to serve in the place, is the best comment on his standing in the community and the estimate placed on his ability by the public."

He was married in 1875 to Miss Mary A. Brown, daughter of Judge William II. and Margaret Brown, of Parry county. They have two sons and two daughters.

GILBERT DWIGHT MUNSON, Zanesville. Honorable Gilbert D. Munson, judge of the Common Pleas Court, First Subdivision, Eighth Judicial District, is a native of Illinois, born at Monticello, September 26, 1840. His father's family were of English and his mother's of Scotch origin, but both

families had become distinctively American by a residence of over twp centuries in the colonies and States. Captain Thomas Munson, the founder of the American branch of the family, came to America in 1637, and located at Hartford, Connecticut, but shortly after settled permanently at New Haven. The records show that he took a leading part in the stirring events of those days, as soldier, legislator and judge. The stone, with inscription of name, date of birth and death, which marks his burial place, is still to be seen back of the


old Presbyterian church on the college green in New Haven, Connecticut. Barkhamsted, Connecticut, was the native place of Professor Horace D. Munson, the father of Judge Munson, a lineal descendant of Captain Thomas Munson. He married Mary B. Griggs, of Brimfield, Massachusetts. Judge Munson began the study of law in the office of Judge Lucius P. Marsh, of Zanesville, in the fall of 1860, but long before he had completed the prescribed course, the call for volunteers to maintain the Union was made, and in July, 1861, he enlisted as a private soldier and at once went into active service with his regiment. He participated in the capture of Fort Donaldson, battle of Shiloh, the siege of Vicksburg and the Atlanta campaign, in Sherman's march to the sea and north through the Carolinas and to Washington, D. C., and the " Grand Review" at the collapse of the Confederacy. He was promoted to orderly sergeant, second lieutenant, first lieutenant, captain, major and lieu- tenant colonel, while in the service. lie commanded his regiment from the time it entered North Carolina until its final discharge in July, 1865. In the fall of 1866 he entered Columbia College. Law School, New York City, for the purpose of completing his legal studies. He took the Junior and Senior courses of study in one term, and was admitted to the Bar in New York in 1867. Returning to Ohio, he entered upon the practice of his profession at Zanesville. He soon afterwards received an appointment of register in bankruptcy, an office which he held for seven years, resigning in 1874. For a period of two years during this time he was in partnership with Judge Moses M. Granger, under the firm name of Granger & Munson. From 1872 to 1883 he practiced alone. In the latter year' he formed a partnership with John J. Adams (now one of the judges of the Circuit Court of the Fifth Circuit of Ohio), under the firm name of Munson & Adams. This association continued until Mr. Munson, in 1893, was elected to the Bench of the Court of Common Pleas of the First Subdivision of the Eighth Judicial District. He was elected without opposition. In his political affiliations Judge Munson is a Republican. He was married June 6, 1872, to Miss Lucy S. Potwin, daughter of Honorable Charles W. Potwin, a prominent merchant and banker of Zanesville. They have one daughter living, Miss Sarah Munson.

JAMES TRIPP, Jackson. Mr. Tripp was born October 17, 1824, at Cannons-burg, Washington county, Pennsylvania. Emigrants of his name, from the Isle of Man and from Wales, settled in Connecticut, but that they were his ancestors cannot now be fully established. His ancestors, about the time of the Wyoming Valley massacre by the Indians, moved from Connecticut to Pennsylvania. His father was a farmer, contractor and builder. His paternal grandmother was of German descent, and was born in eastern Pennsylvania. His maternal grandfather, Haft, was of English descent. As a boy he had the benefit of good common schools and a local academy, but never received the advantages of a collegiate course or liberal scientific instruction. He read


law at Carrollton, Ohio, with his brother, John H. Tripp, and afterwards for three years with R. C. Hoffman, then of Jackson, but now a resident of Columbus, Ohio. He was admitted to the Bar at Portsmouth, in 1857, on the recommendation of a committee of which Colonel 0. F. Moore and Wells A. Hutchins were members. Immediately thereafter he located in Jackson and began the practice of his profession, to which he has been devoted ever since. In 1858 he was elected prosecuting attorney for the county of Jackson, Ohio, and was re-elected in 1860. Up to the time of his first race the county had been Democratic, but the majority was reversed in that election and has continued to be Republican down to the present time. Judge Tripp advanced in his profession by mastering the principles of the law and becoming familiar with the textbooks and statutes. He seldom turned aside from his profession for political office, and never except at the earnest solicitation of his friends and neighbors. In 1863 he was elected to the legislature, and was re-elected in 1865. In that body he was active and influential in support of all measures for the vigorous prosecution of the war and the unquestioning support of the National government. He was also active in the organization of regiments and batteries to fill the quota allotted to Ohio, and accepted appointment by the governor in 1864 as commander of a battery of Ohio National Guards, which was mustered into the United States service for one hundred days, and was assigned to duty at Johnson's Island, in Lake Erie. In 1872 he was elected a member of the Constitutional covention, attending the sessions held at Columbus and Cincinnati. His general acquaintance with the people and wants of the State, no less than his broad and critical knowledge of the law, qualified him in the highest degree for membership in such a body. The records of the convention indicate clearly his activity and influence in the preparation of a new Constitution for the State. When submitted for adoption the new Constitution failed to receive a majority of the votes cast, but many of its more valuable provisions have since been adopted by popular vote of the people, and are now amendments to the Constitution of the State. In 1878 he was elected judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the Seventh Judicial District of Ohio, and held the position for two full terms of five years each. No better commentary on his judicial character, insight into legal questions, and impartiality in the trial of causes is needed than the simple mention of a fact which is of record, namely, that his decisions were reversed in only two cases of the whole number appealed to the Supreme Court during his ten years of occupancy of the Bench. Since his retirement from the judgeship, in 1889, Judge Tripp has been engaged in the practice of his profession, and connected with most of the important cases which have been tried in Jackson county, as well as in some other counties. His talents have been employed in an honorable way to protect the interests of his clients and promote the ends of justice. Members of the Bar who have been associated with him in practice, and who have had cases decided by him on the Bench, speak in the highest terms of his honor, integrity of purpose, freedom from bias and painstaking habit of investigation. One of the oldest of them, who has known him long and intimately, says : " Judge Tripp


is entirely truthful, perfectly honest, exceedingly fair, not quick in making up his mind, but firm when his opinion is formed. As a judge he had good executive ability, was clear in expression, and impartial in the statement of an opinion. He knew no friends or enemies while on the Bench. He is a careful, well balanced lawyer, equally efficient in law and equity cases." Judge Tripp was married in 1849, to Miss Christina Smeltz, who died October 24, 1882. Nine children were born to them, two sons and seven daughters, three of whom are dead. William L., the eldest, is a mechanic Kate is the wife of Charles H. Warth, cashier of the National Bank at Muskogee, Indian Territory; James M. succeeded his father on the Common Pleas Bench for a term of five years, and declined a re-election because of his preference for the practice. He is the father of two sons, and is now (1895) in partnership with his father, under the firm name of Tripp & Tripp. Mary L. is the wife of Tom Moore, editor of the Jackson Sun ; Gertrude is the wife of Frank Ellsworth Stewart, travelling salesman, Kansas City, Missouri ; Stella lives at home with her father. Judge Tripp is an upright citizen, highly esteemed by his neighbors, and has long been a member of the Masonic fraternity, and of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

WILLIAM DOW JAMES, Waverly. To be called by the people to such a position of trust and responsibility as presiding judge over the court nearest them, is a public recognition both of ability and integrity in the man. But however gratifying this evidence of trust and confidence, it is a less distinction in the judge than the well known fact that he fitted himself. for such honors and gained the necessary knowledge to enable him to properly discharge such duties, by his own individual efforts. It is worthy of note to pass examination before the learned judges of the Supreme Court and be admitted to the Bar under the circumstances most favorable to preparation, but a greater honor to pass such an examination entirely unaided. Mr. Tames bought his books, and paid all the expenses of preparation for the law out of his own earnings while a student. He was largely self-taught and wholly self-reliant ; and the popular knowledge of these facts commended him to the suffrages of the people as a candidate for an office intimately related to their interests and their rights. He is the son of David and Charlotte Beauchamp James, born near Piketon, the first county seat of Pike county, December 1, 1853. He is of German extraction. His ancestor, John James, emigrated to America in 1750, located in Bedford county, Virginia, and became the head a numerous posterity. John, a favorite name in the family, was the name of the grandfather of our subject, who was second generation from the founder of the family in America, and whose father's name was also John. The grandfather was born in 1785, and came to Ohio shortly after the Northwest Territory was ceded to the general government and thrown open for settlement, and settled in Gallia county. He resided with his parents until 1805, when he removed to Pike county, and later married a Miss Allison,


locating in Beaver Valley, ten miles from Piketon. Nine sons and daughters were born of this union ; among the number was David, the father of our subject, who married Miss Charlotte C. Beauchamp, and became a prominent, successful farmer in the community. Here William Dow James was born and reared. He remained at. home, attending the public school and receiving lessons from private instructors, until he was about the age of twenty, when he began the study of law, under lawyer John T. Moore. This was continued until Mr. Moore removed to Jackson in 1875. He then prosecuted his studies with George D. Cole, teaching school in the winter and devoting his time to his text-books in summer. This course was pursued until the spring of 1877, when he was admitted to the Bar. He began to practice at Piketon, but only remained there four years, when he removed to Waverly, the county seat of "Pike county, his present home. In 1879 he was elected mayor of the town of Piketon and held the office until he moved to Waverly. He continued in the practice of his profession in Pike and adjoining counties until 1893, when he was elected to the Bench of the Common Pleas Court in the second subdivision of the Seventh Judicial District. The conscientious work done for his clients and the thoroughness shown in preparing his cases kept his practice constantly growing, so that for ten years previous to his elevation to the Bench, there was not a case of importance tried in Pike county with which he was not connected as counsel on one side or the other. He made quite a reputation during these years as a criminal lawyer, and the one case that gained for him the greatest notoriety was that of a man named Isaac Smith, charged with the murder of his cousin. There was no direct evidence to show that he was guilty as charged, but the circumstantial evidence was so strong that he was found guilty in the Court of Common Pleas and sentenced to be hanged. Judge James took an appeal to the District Court, but the finding of the lower court was sustained. Again he appealed to the Supreme Court, where the judgments of the lower courts were affirmed. Thereupon application was made to the board of pardons for commutation of the sentence to life imprisonment. This was recommended by the board to James E. Campbell, then governor, who, after a full hearing of the evidence and arguments of counsel, commuted the sentence as recommended by the board. The honorable mention of Judge James's connection with this case by the Bar and public press, gained for him a wide acquaintance and consequent increase of business. His professional reputation rests largely on his success as a trial lawyer, and his reputation as a man is equally high all over the district. He was married in 1882 to Miss Terrena Vulgamore, of Portsmouth, Ohio. A lawyer who knows him thoroughly says : " The first noticeable characteristic of Judge James is his courteous and affable manner both on and off the Bench. The second characteristic is his remarkably clear and logical mind, having in high degree that power so essential to the successful lawyer—discrimination, and the ability to make a correct application of the law to the facts of the case ; a third is his painstaking care in the preparation and trial of his cases. On the bench he is never hurried in arriving at his decisions, but when


announced, they show careful and thoughtful consideration of the questions involved, without favoritism or partiality, and are generally approved." Another judge of high repute says : Judge James may be regarded as somewhat slow and laborious in his mental operations both at the Bar and on the Bench, but he is thorough. He has the judicial quality to withhold judgment until he has fully investigated a subject and satisfied his own mind ; and, when his mind is well satisfied, he has the moral courage to stand by his convictions regardless of the consequences." A lawyer of Jackson says: "Judge James is a self-made man of strong natural ability. I think he has a strong comprehension of the law. He is somewhat slow in arriving at a conclusion, but firm in his conviction. He is a better jurist then practitioner ; is very affable and courteous in all his work."


Zanesville. John Jay Adams, a judge of the Circuit Court of Ohio, Fifth Circuit, was born on his father's farm near Dresden, Muskingum county, Ohio, November 18, 1860. His parents were George W. and Mary J. (Robinson) Adams, the former a native of Virginia, and the latter of Coshocton county, Ohio. Judge Adams received his education in the district school and the high schools of Dresden and Zanesville, graduating from the latter in June, 1875. The next four years were spent at Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, from which institution he was graduated in 1879. He then taught for three years in Harcourt Academy, at Gambier, a preparatory school for boys. He commenced his legal 'studies in September, 1880, under the direction of Judge Moses M. Granger, and was admitted to the Ohio Bar January 2, 1883. He practiced in Zanesville for nearly eleven years in partnership with Judge Gilbert D. Munson and for a few months with Thomas J. McDermott, Esq. At the November election in 1894 he was elected to his present position for the full term of six years, from February 9, 1895, by a plurality of eight thousand eight hundred and ninety-four. The Fifth Circuit is composed of the counties of Ashland, Richland, Wayne, Stark, Morrow, Knox, Holmes, Tuscarawas, Coshocton, Licking, Delaware, Fairfield, Perry, Morgan and Muskingum. Judge Adams was married October 26, 1892, to Dora May Black, only daughter of Captain Thomas S. Black, of Zanesville, Ohio.

LEONIDAS M. JEWETT, Athens. Leonidas Morris Jewett belongs to that class of practitioners at the Ohio Bar who give the profession their undivided attention. Money will procure degrees from institutions of learning and place men in positions of trust in public life, but it will not place a man high up in the legal profession. That is the one calling in which the degree of success is measured by the double standard of industry and intelligence. Leonidas M. Jewett is purely a lawyer. His ancestors on the paternal side hailed from


New England and were cultured people. His grandfather came to Ohio early in the present century and located at Athens, where he was a practicing physician for many years. His father, Leonidas Jewett, was a lawyer and attained prominence in his profession. His mother, Elizabeth Robinson, was a native of England, but was brought to the United States at an early age. Leonidas M. was born at Athens, November 22, 1844. He was educated in the Ohio University at Athens, from which he was graduated in 1861, at the age or eighteen. It was at a period when recruits were enlisting under the first call for seventy-five thousand volunteers for the Civil War, and, true to the patriotic impulses of his New England ancestors, he was among the first to offer his services. He enlisted in the Third Regiment Ohio Volunteer infantry, in the three months' service. He was among those who re-enlisted ; was transferred to the Sixty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was appointed to the post of adjutant of the regiment. In April, 1862, he was promoted to a captaincy and commanded Company C, the color company, and served in that position until the close of the war, when he was honorably discharged with the brevet rank of major. His regiment was first attached to the Army of the Potomac and participated in the battles of Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and other engagements, under different commanders, until September 25, 1863, when it accompanied Hooker's corps to the department of the Cumberland, and was with that intrepid commander in the battles of Lookout Mountain, Mission Ridge, and all the battles of the Atlanta campaign, including the fall of Atlanta. His entire military service was hazardous as well as honorable. On his return from the war, following his original intention, he began preparation for the Bar under his father's tuition, and in the fall of 1865 was admitted. He immediately entered into partnership with Rudolph De-Steiguer, under the firm name of De Steiguer & Jewett, which soon became one of the most prominent and best known law firms in southeastern Ohio, with practice in all the courts of that section. In January, 1867, Major Jewett was elected prosecuting attorney of Athens county and filled the office continuously until 1880. He has repeatedly been offered important political positions, but invariably declined any office outside his profession. In the thirty years at the Bar of Ohio he has built up a very large and lucrative practice, much of which is in the higher courts. He has made a high reputation as a corporation lawyer and represents several local companies, but his practice is general. In politics he is a Republican, and is active and prominent in his neighborhood in organizing the party and conducting political canvasses. He has often been chairman of the Republican executive committee of his county, and is an ardent and enthusiastic Republican. He frequently represents his county in judicial, Congressional and State conventions. He takes great interest in the affairs of the Ohio University and is a member of its board of trustees. He has also taken great interest in the erection and care of the soldiers' monument at Athens. He is prominent in social circles and is a member of the Masonic order, of the Grand Army of the Republic, and a member of Kappa Chapter, Beta Theta. He was married September 27, 1871, to Miss Ella Reynolds, of Martinsville, Indiana.