clubs are : The Queen City, the Fort Mitchell, the Cincinnati Country, and the Cincinnati Business Men's. He is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and of the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce.

Mr. Kilgour married, in 1921, Mary Andrews, a native of Cincinnati, and he has a son, Bayard L. Kilgour, Jr.


The late Frank Magee Ogden for many years occupied a foremost place in the real estate circles of Cincinnati and its environs. Under the expert tutelage of his father he had familiarized himself with each of the many ramifications of realty, and as a judge of realty values and the realty market he was without a superior in that section of the State of Ohio. But it was not alone as a successful real estate dealer that Mr. Ogden was well and widely known throughout Cincinnati, for his name had also received additional significance as a prominent clubman and fraternalist, lumberman, Republican, and leader in any movement which had as its design the advancement of his city and its institutions. He always evinced a deep interest in civic welfare work, and in the mercantile library of Cincinnati is a beautiful window placed in that structure by the loving hands of his wife, Mrs. Augustine (Gussie) D. Ogden, to his memory, commemorating his generous and kindly labors among those less fortunate than himself. His death, which occurred more than two decades ago, was a public loss, for when a good citizen dies, the world in general is the loser.

Frank Magee Ogden was a representative of an ancient and honorable Colonial New England family whose American progenitor was "good old John Ogden," as Hatfield of Elizabeth rightly calls him, who was born at Bradley Plain, England, on September 9, 1609, of an excellent English family. On May 6, 1637, he was married to Jane Bond, and in the year 164o, with his wife, and his twin sons. David and


Jonathan, he sailed for the New World. He settled first at Southampton, Long Island, later removing to Stamford, Connecticut. In 1662, John Ogden and his brother Richard, were engaged by Governor Kieft to build the Stone Church at New Amsterdam. He then returned to Long Island, where he founded the town of Northampton and became both prosperous and influential. He and his brother, Richard, were among the first architects and builders (by profession) to come to the American Colonies during the Colonization Period. He was a man of adventurous nature, and joined with others in the purchase of lands from the Indians and founded a settlement in New Jersey which was destined later to become known as Elizabethtown. He held many important offices, fought hard for his rights, was a noble man of the highest integrity, and left to his now fourteen thousand descendants a legacy and an heritage of honour which those living would do well to emulate. His five sons were all men active in public life, and three Governors of the State of New Jersey trace their ancestry back to "good old John Ogden."

Frank Magee Ogden was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on September 27, 1850, the youngest of the four children of Jonathan and Mary Elizabeth (Gorham) Ogden, the mother also of notable old New England ancestry. The father, Jonathan Ogden, a lineal descendant of "good old John Ogden," was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, on June 12, 1807, and died at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Philip D. Armour, of Chicago, Illinois, on June 4, 1888. With the adventurous blood of John Ogden flowing in his veins, Jonathan Ogden moved westward when a young man, and settled in the city of Cincinnati in the year 1824, being only seventeen years of age at the time, but active, alert, of keen mind, and ready to seize any opportunity for advancement. Here he became one of the town's leading merchants, subsequently identifying himself with the real estate and lumber businesses. In mercantile life he became very successful as a clothing merchant, a leader in his line of business—which success he duplicated in the lum-


ber and real estate fields, retiring from active business in the year 1868, a wealthy and most influential man. He was married on December 21, 1834, to Mary Elizabeth Gorham, a daughter of Parsons Gorham, who was a successful wholesale grocer of Hartford, Connecticut. Jonathan and Mary Elizabeth (Gorham) Ogden were the parents of four children, as follows : 1. Parsons Ogden, died in 1892. 2. Melvina Belle Ogden, who became the wife of Philip D. Armour, of Chicago, Illinois, the famous packer and philanthropist. 3. Clara Meade Ogden, who died in infancy. 4. Frank Magee Ogden, of whom this biographical review.

Frank Magee Ogden, youngest of the four children of Jonathan and Mary Elizabeth (Gorham) Ogden, received an excellent education in the local schools of his birthplace, following which he placed himself under the tutelage of his father, and in a short time had mastered the intricacies of the real estate business. He possessed an unusually good business sense, and this attribute, together with his almost infallibly excellent judgment of realty values, soon brought him to the very forefront among Cincinnati's most prominent and successful real estate operators. He was progressive in thought and action, and the many properties which he developed places him indisputably as one of the foremost upbuilders of the city. He was still actively engaged in his constantly growing real estate business when his death occurred early in the year 1901, at the comparatively early age of fifty years, and while at the very summit of his physical and mental abilities and the height of his great usefulness.

Politically, Mr. Ogden gave his allegiance to the Republican party, and was ever a foremost adherent to and supporter of its worthy principles. Fraternally, he was an active and interested member of all of the ancient Masonic bodies, up to and including the Lodge, Chapter, Council, and Commandery, and Shrine. He also held membership in the Knights of Pythias, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and, with his wife, in the Young Men's Mercantile Library. He


had been reared in the Presbyterian faith, but in later life he attended the Episcopal Church of Cincinnati. He loved his fellow-men, was greatly beloved by his brethren of his fraternal bodies, and was universally esteemed. Mr. Ogden was generous to a fault, genial, unassuming, tender-hearted, and such was his charitable and philanthropic nature that he was always helping those who were in less fortunate circumstances than he. He was a leader in many important movements, and no concerted action which had as its design the betterment or improvement of Cincinnati or local conditions ever met with a refusal of his most helpful, generous and constructive services.

Frank Magee Ogden died at his home in Cincinnati, on April 9, 1901, during his fiftieth year. After his death, Mrs. Ogden placed a beautiful window in the new Young Men's Mercantile Library building as a memorial to her husband, where it perpetuates his name and memory and testifies to the deep interest he always displayed toward the Association and its members, as well as toward other civic institutions and charitable and philanthropic work of a high order.

Frank Magee Ogden was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 14, 1889, to Augustine (Gussie) Debenath, a lady of many artistic accomplishments and a social favourite of Cincinnati. A sketch of Mrs. Augustine (Gussie) (Debenath) Ogden and her many activities will be found immediately following this biography of her late husband. Mrs. Ogden, of notable French ancestry, survives her husband, and continues to reside in the family residence at No. 915 Dana Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio.


For the first time in the various histories of Cincinnati and her peoples, women will be accorded their rightful place and given their just and well-earned tribute in this History of Greater Cincinnati. That the achievements of the women of


Cincinnati has been on a parity with those of Cincinnati's men is a fact not to be denied, but a fact, nevertheless, which has been steadily overlooked and ignored heretofore in works of this kind. Women, since time immemorial, have contributed as definitely to the advancement and progress of the world as have the male of the species, and that their glowing accomplishments have been passed over with scarcely a word of tribute is a glaring error which has only been remedied and rectified during these past few years. Woman has arrived at her rightful place in the general scheme of things, and no one woman of Greater Cincinnati is more worthy of special mention than Mrs. Augustine (Gussie) (Debenath) Ogden, widow of the late Frank Magee Ogden, for the sterling worth of her life and labors has reacted favourably toward the widespread local recognition of woman's rights, woman's suffrage, and woman's rightful place in economic, public and social circles.

Mrs. Augustine (Gussie) (Debenath) Ogden was born in Alsace-Lorraine (now happily restored to France), a daughter of Sebastian and Nanette (Augustin) Debenath, both of whom were natives of that picturesque section of France. The mother traced her ancestry directly back to members of the Royal House of France. Sebastian and Nanette (Augustin) Debenath were the parents of three daughters, as follows: 1. Matilde, married William Taylor. 2. Anna, married John J. Bauer. 3. Augustine (called Gussie), of whom this biographical review. Upon the death of Sebastian Debenath, the widow came to America, bringing with her the three daughters, and settled in Cincinnati, Ohio. Earlier members of the family of Nanette Augustin were pioneer settlers of St. Louis, Missouri. The three Debenath sisters were all thoroughly educated in their native France, and became so proficient in several modern languages that their services were often eagerly sought for private tutelage in Cincinnati, their adopted home.

Mrs. Ogden, in addition to teaching French and German, indulged her love for the stage by a comprehensive course of dramatic study, and for one year read law, becoming well


versed in jurisprudence. She has never given up her literary and linguistic studies, nor her interest in things juridicial, which she has applied to good advantage in the management of the family estate, of which she has had direct charge since the death of her husband in the year 1901. She is a recognized short-story writer, and is also well-known as a writer for magazines on current questions of importance, among them civic and political topics. She has been especially interested and active in her steadfast advocacy of equal suffrage for women, and has proved herself most capable as a business woman.

Mrs. Ogden is prominent in local club circles, and among the many societies in which she holds active membership may be mentioned the Twentieth Century Club, and the Susan B. Anthony Club, the Drama League, the Civic League, the Kentucky McDowell Club, the Smoke Abatement League, the Ohio Women's Suffrage Association, the Ohio Humane Society, the Young Men's Mercantile Library of Cincinnati, the latter two of which she is a life member, and the Alliance Francaise. She is especially active in works of charity and philanthropy, these being considered by her—as they were by her late husband—important duties in life and absolutely essential to the promotion of happiness and well being in every community. She is also deeply interested in all social movements and social welfare problems, especially those relating to marriage conditions and the divorce laws. Aside from these many and various activities, Mrs. Ogden still finds time to devote to purely social activities, and in the scoial life of Cincinnati she is a well-known figure. She has been awarded a diploma from the College of Good Templars, the International Order of Good Templars. Mrs. Ogden has also contributed to the dramatic literature of the day, being the author of three widely commended plays : "Double Harness," "Hearts of Alsace," and "Myriam of Magdela."

Other organizations in which Mrs. Ogden holds membership and in whose work she has been correspondingly active, are as follows : The George Washington Memorial Associa-


tion, the National Historical Society of New York, the National Alumni Association (in all three of which she is a life member), the Business Women's Club of Cincinnati, the Cincinnati Automobile Club, and the Travel Club of New York, in addition to the League of Woman Voters, the Woman's Art Club, and the National Historical Society. By religious faith she is an ardent Roman Catholic, of which she is a liberal supporter.

Augustine (Gussie) Debenath was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 14, 1889, to Frank Magee Ogden, one of Cincinnati's most prominent, influential and successful realtors, whose death occurred in the year 1901. A sketch of the life and labors of this well-known and highly respected business man will be found immediately preceding this biography of his wife and widow. Since the death of her husband, Mrs. Augustine (Gussie) (Debenath) Ogden continues to reside at No. 915 Dana Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Mrs. Ogden is a genuine American, her love for her adopted land being genuine and intense. Her feelings towards the debt that this country owes her native France, she has beautifully expressed in a motion-picture play, "Hearts of Alsace." The story depicts scenes of the author's childhood, but the story is that of an Alsatian boy who was brought to the United States and returns to France as a member of the American Expeditionary Forces to fight for the deliverance of his native province from German rule and subjugation. The theme of the play is the great debt this nation owes to France. Mrs. Ogden is one of Cincinnati's most prominent women, and that she is a decided asset to her adopted city and country is proved conclusively by a glance at her brilliant career and her peculiarly beneficent and constructive labors in several fields of endeavour.


The city of Cincinnati, and the counties of Hamilton, Boone, Campbell, and Kenton, with their people, are the bet-


ter for C. Henry Motz, late business manager of the Cincinnati "Times-Star," having lived and labored among and for them. This progressive business man and most generous-hearted citizen of the city of his birth and life-long activities, continues to live in the hearts of hundreds of persons in the districts above-mentioned. Particularly is he most fondly remembered by the sightless ones in those counties, for in each of the homes where there was an occupant, the windows of whose body had been darkened, Mr. Motz was responsible for the installation of a radio set, thus carrying cheer and consolation to the afflicted. While this magnificent work was to all intents and purposes the result of a campaign on the part of the "Times-Star," it was essentially the initiative and fine management on the part of Mr. Motz that resulted in radiating this blessing to those deprived of the most valued sense of the house of the soul. While newspaper work was his business, and he paid strict attention to it, it was by his election and adaptability—he was consumed by a passion to be of practical help to the "newsies" and all other boys who came within his vision—to help them by encouraging them to attend night school and to assist them in the way of obtaining better positions. He himself had a beginning so humble and so lacking in educational and other opportunities, that his sympathies with boys of like station came from a heart which had experiences from which "his boys" drew consolation and inspiration. He was the soul of optimism, and from his great heart there went forth much of that contagious element of his character to shed good cheer upon his associates and all others of less buoyant temperament. His life was a well-rounded period of blessing, as has been so often declared by those left to mourn his loss.

C. Henry Motz was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, November 26, 1870, and died at his home in this city, November 14, 1925, lacking but twelve days of attaining the age of fifty-six years. He was the son of John and Louise Motz, who were natives of Germany. He was the fourth of seven children, and was quite young when his parents died. He was forced to


go to work, but managed to obtain a little education by attending night school. His first real job was as a telegram boy, and it was while he was following that line of work that he resolved to make newspaper work his career for life. He was accustomed in his daily rounds to carry telegrams into the "Times-Star" office, and he would gaze longingly at the desks, and wonder when the time would arrive that he should occupy one of them. The hustle and bustle of the counting-room also had its attraction for him. Eventually the red-letter day came when he was given a position in that very office—as office boy —and he was in fine feather. He was intelligent, punctual, loyal and ambitious. He was advanced to bookkeeper, then to assistant manager, then to circulation manager, and finally to the important post of business manager. He became a close student of the changing conditions obtaining in the newspaper field, and was quick to adopt new and proved methods of bringing the paper to a higher standard of appeal to its public. As the manager of the business department, he brought into full play his powers as a promoter of the pulling power of the paper as an advertising medium. He thus became a most valued member of the newspaper's staff. One of the fine and unique things that he did was to lend his initiative and official prestige to the campaign sponsored by the "Times-Star," by which a radio set was presented to each home in five counties wherein dwelt a person bereft of his or her eyesight. This humanitarian impulse and its result brought many hundreds of new friends and readers to the "Times-Star," and incidentally added to the host of friends of Mr. Motz himself.

Despite the exacting duties of his position on the newspaper, Mr. Motz found time for other interests in the city. He had at heart the promotion of home ownership by working people and others. He was confident of its benefit not only to the people who lived in their own homes, but to the city at large. In this respect he was active in building associations, in which organizations he served in different capacities. Out of his own experience as a business man and home owner, he


was enabled to give much valued advice to his fellow-members or those seeking information on the subject. Every community or neighborhood appeal for a worthy object found in him a cordial indorser and subscriber. His broad-minded business relations were expressed, in part, by his membership in the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, Business Bureau, and Business Men's Club.

He was affiliated with the Free and Accepted Masons, having attained the thirty-second degree, and was a member of Syrian Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; also a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He was an ardent golfer, and a member of the Makatewaw Country Club.

C. Henry Motz married, September 6, 1893, Augusta Mente, daughter of Dr. Louis and Minnie (Brightfield) Mente, the daughter of a German Lutheran minister. Dr. Mente, a native of Germany, was for years a prominent physician in Cumminsville, Cincinnati, North Side. Children of C. Henry and Augusta (Mente) Motz : 1. J. Louis, married Dorothy Blagg, daughter of E. Z. and Maud Blagg, and they have children: (Betty) Marguerite, and (Peggy) Lucille. 2. Lucille, married Philip R. Cottrell, of Cincinnati, who served one year during the World War in France. They have one son, Henry Howard Cottrell.

Mr. Motz was an outstanding example of the self-made man. He cultivated his natural trait of optimism, and was acclaimed one of the most cheerful men in Cincinnati. His kindness of heart, his jovial disposition made him a warm friend of the youth of his city. He was unstinting in his service, not considering any worth-while task too difficult for his undertaking or sharing. He stood four-square as a man of honor and for his unqualified honesty. His superiors and subordinates and his associates always knew intuitively just where Mr. Motz was to be found on any given question. His sympathy with the young in their struggles to get on was both


strong and practical. All the many good things that he did were done without display.

This memorial to Mr. Motz was made by Samuel W. Bell, who knew well whereof he spoke :

"If a man die, shall he live again?"

C. Henry Matz will ever live in loving memory of his many friends, and particularly those of the sightless men and women, who during the past year have received radios as a result of the fund raised by the Cincinnati "Times-Star" for that purpose. It was the warm, generous, humanitarian impulse and consideration for his fellow-men that inspired C. Henry Motz to initiate and conduct successfully a campaign to raise funds with which to place in the home of each sightless person in Hamilton, Boone, Campbell, and Kenton counties, and as far beyond those territory limits as the fund would reach, a radio set, which would permit these handicapped persons, to come in touch with the outside world.

In the sudden translation of C. Henry Motz, all have lost a warm, generous friend, and the city an outstanding exemplary citizen.

May we find consolation in the thought that our loss is his gain, and with one accord acclaim: "He lived to bless mankind. Death is the golden key that opens the Palace of Eternity."


One of the most widely known railroad officials of the Middle West, George W. Davis was for more than half a century connected with the railroad industry in Cincinnati and other towns. He was born December 21, 1845, in Baltimore, Maryland, a son of William Bates and Mary Elinor (Purdy) Davis. The father, William Bates Davis, removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, in the year 185o, where he was identified for many years as a master mechanic and engineer in the employ of the Little Miami Railroad. The son, George W. Davis, was educated in the public schools of Cincinnati and under private tutors. Upon his father's death, the boy began working in


order to support his mother. Thus, at a tender age, he started in as a messenger for the Little Miami Railroad, on March 1, 1864, and within the space of five years was advanced to the position of chief clerk. His ability in that position brought him a further advancement, that of freight and passenger agent, in which capacity he worked for a time at Morrow, and later, in 1882, at Dayton, Ohio. Still later, he was identified in the same capacity with the P. C. C. & St. L. Railroad. In the year 1885, at the age of forty, he was located in Zanesville, Ohio, as general freight and ticket agent for the C. & M. V. Railroad; and in 1888, he was stationed in Richmond, Indiana, as division freight agent for the same road. The year 1895 found him holding the same office for the same road, but stationed in Cincinnati. In 1903 he was serving as General Freight Agent of the C. A. & C. Railroad, as well as commercial agent of the P. C. C. & St. L. Railroad, with headquarters in Columbus, Ohio. His last position was in St. Louis, Missouri, where he was general freight agent for the Vandalia Railroad for nine years, beginning in 1907. Upon his retirement in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1916, he had completed fifty-one years and ten months in the service of the above-named railroads. His death occurred at his home in Cincinnati, on June 11, 1925, in the seventy-ninth year of his age.

George W. Davis was an interested and active member of the Free and Accepted Masons, of the Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite Masons, of Hanselmann Commandery, and the Syrian Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He was affiliated with the Veterans' Association of the railroad, and was a staunch member of the Republican party, and a firm believer in its principles. His religious affiliation was with the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was a regular attendant and a liberal supporter.

George W. Davis was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, on January 7, 1869, to Olivia Shearer, a daughter of Jacob and Mariana (Imhoff) Shearer, well-known and highly respected residents of that city. George W. and Olivia ( Shearer) Davis


were the parents of the following children : I. Lillian A. Davis, deceased, who married Frank B. Rutledge. 2. Nellie Purdy Davis, who married the Rev. Clifford L. Myers, whose biographical sketch will be found immediately following this record of the life and labors of Mr. Davis. Mr. Davis is survived by his widow, one of their two daughters, and a granddaughter.

The industry of Mr. Davis, his courage, his energy, and fidelity to principle are illustrated in his career. He gained a success in life not measured by financial advancement alone, but gauged by the kindly amenities and congenial associations that go to satisfy man's kaleidoscopic nature.


The Rev. Clifford L. Myers, B. D., is well known throughout Cincinnati and its environs as a divine who has performed beneficent and constructive services for different Methodist Episcopal churches of the Queen City. He was one of the founders of Linwood Methodist Episcopal Church, and Madison Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church. Dr. Myers, a native of Cincinnati, has achieved success in his chosen field of endeavor, which was classed by a noted philosopher many years ago as one of the three greatest professions, in this order—the ministry, medicine and surgery, and pedagogy—and it is significant that he headed the list with the ministry.

The Rev. Clifford L. Myers was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on June 7, 1866, a son of John and Mary (Crouder) Myers. The father, John Myers, son of Mr. and Mrs. Michael Myers, was a native of Germany, and came to this country with his parents in 1831, at the age of nine years. The family settled in Cincinnati, where, subsequently, John Myers became the senior member of the well-known firm of Myers & Lamping Plumbing Company, in which work he was very successful. The son, Clifford L. Myers, received his early education in the public and high schools of his native city, following which he matriculated at Northwestern University, whence he was graduated with the class of 1895. He then entered the Garrett


Biblical Institute, and upon his completion of the course, was graduated with the class of 1895. He was ordained in that year, and immediately took over the work of his first charge, that of ministering to the spiritual needs of the congregations of the Methodist Episcopal churches of Linwood and Red Bank, where he was engaged from 1895 to 1900, inclusive. In 1901 he was sent by Conference to Christie Chapel, and in 1907 he became pastor of the York Street Methodist Episcopal Church in Cincinnati, where he remained for four years. In 1911 he became identified with the Hyde Park Methodist Episcopal Church, and in 1915 took up his duties as pastor of the State Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, where he has remained ever since, up to and including the present time (1926). In all theological and religious matters, Rev. Mr. Myers is well read and versed. His education is deep and comprehensive, and his engaging yet dominant personality aids in making him a militant minister of the gospel, who is well worth repeated hearings.

Politically, the Rev. Mr. Myers is a liberal, preferring not to let the often too closely drawn party lines obscure or obliterate the vital questions of State and country. Fraternally, he is an active member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, to which he was honored by election during his undergraduate days.

The Rev. Clifford L. Myers was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, on June 19, 1900, to Nellie Purdy Davis, born in Morrow, Ohio, in 1873, the younger of the two daughters of the late George W. and Olivia (Shearer) Davis. A sketch of the life and labors of George W. Davis appears in this volume, immediately preceding this biography of his son-in-law. The Rev. Clifford L. and Nellie Purdy (Davis) Myers are the parents of one daughter, Mary Olivia Myers, born in the year 1903.


Having been prominent in the steel business in Pennsylvania for some fifteen years, during which time he was also



very active in Republican politics, Mr. Burrell came to Cincinnati about 1893 and quickly became one of the best liked and most widely known business men of the city of his adoption. He was born near Bellefonte, Center County, Pennsylvania, in 1856.

Luther A. Burrell was educated in the public school of his native town and at Gettysburg College from which he graduated in 1874 with honors. After teaching in seminaries and preparatory schools for several years he entered the employ of the Atlantic Iron Works, Sharon, Mercer County, Pennsylvania, with which company he served in various positions until 1888, when he became manager of its mills. 'In the same year he was elected president of the Sharon Republican Club, and was also elected a member of the Mercer County Republican Committee, and of the Sharon School Board, to which latter he was reelected in 1891. About 1893 he removed to Cincinnati, at first as the representative of the Atlantic Iron Works. Later he established the Burrell-Barkley Company, taking his son-in-law, G. C. Barkley, into partnership, and it became one of the leading brokerage houses in the iron and steel products. For many years he was connected with the sales department of the Sharon Steel Hoop Company, which association he continued until the time of his death in 1922; and he was also interested in the Burrell Belting Company. He was very well known and highly respected throughout the cooperage industry and always. exerted his influence towards the improvement and elevation of the particular field in which he was active. In politics 'he was a supporter of the Republican party in the affairs of which he took an ardent and very active interest. While still a resident of Sharon he was elected a member of the Pennsylvania State Legislature, winning his election by an unusually large majority and ranking as one of the leaders of the Lower House, where he was a strong champion of the Faar Compulsory Education Bill and of many other important bills. His interest in Republican politics was not restricted to his two terms in the Pennsylvania


Legislature, but was continued after he removed to Cincinnati. He was a very effective speaker and greatly in demand during National and State elections, and his addresses were also frequent and greatly appreciated during the meetings of the various trade associations of which he was a member. His religious affiliations were with the Methodist Episcopal Church. His father had been a Lutheran minister in Central Pennsylvania, but after his marriage Mr. Burrell became a member of the Methodist church, in which he was an active and most sincere worker until the day of his death. He was a member of the School Board of Norwood, Hamilton County, and of Cincinnati for many years; member of the National Coopers Association and of its successor, the Associated Cooperage Industries of America.

Mr. Burrell married, March 31, 1881, Anna Jane Beck, of Kittanning, Pennsylvania, a daughter of Frederick and Saville (Schreckengast) Beck, the former a native of Germany, the latter a native of Pennsylvania of Holland descent. Mr. and Mrs. Burrell were the parents of three children : 1. Ethel, wife of Guy Carleton Barkley, Jr., a resident of Cincinnati ; they are the parents of three daughters : Janet Burrell, Ruth Elizabeth, and Mary Louise. 2. Ralph Albertus, now deceased. 3. Marie Warren, wife of Earl F. Mayer, a resident of Chicago, Illinois, and they have one daughter, Dorothy Burrell.

Mr. Burrell died in his Cincinnati home after a short illness, October 16, 1922. He is survived by his two children and his widow, who continues to make her home in Cincinnati at No. 3639 Belle Crest Avenue, Hyde Park.


The late James Heekin will be well remembered as the man who founded the Heekin Can Company and the Heekin Spice Company in Cincinnati, thereby contributing in great measure to the industrial and commercial growth of the Queen


City. These companies, founded many years ago, have continued to grow with the city, and are among the leading substantial enterprises of that place. Mr. Heekin was an astute business man, and he became one of the most successful and prosperous citizens of Cincinnati by reason of his proved ability, his industry and energy, his efficiency, and his perseverance. That he was a decided asset to his adopted city is an irrefutable fact, and that by his death in 1904 the Queen City lost one of her foremost citizens is not to be denied.

James Heekin was born in Malinbeg, County Donegal, Ireland, on December 8, 1843. While he was still very young his parents brought him to America, settling in Cincinnati, Ohio, in whose public schools he received his education. He started in business at an early age by accepting a clerkship in a mercantile house, following which he was employed in a local coffee, tea and spice business. During these associations Mr. Heekin was absorbing business methods and familiarizing himself with each and every phase of these various fields of endeavor. At last, he decided to go into business for himself, whereupon he founded the firm of James Heekin & Company. He then established the Heekin Can Company and the Heekin Spice Company, both of which were successful from the very start. Mr. Heekin was of an inventive turn of mind, and one of his inventions was a patent coffee-pot. With the successful industries which he had established, he soon became one of Cincinnati's most influential business men. Although his time was largely taken up by the many duties devolving upon him as the chief executive of the aforementioned enterprises, he still found the time to devote to local charities and benevolences, and of him it has been said that no needy person ever left him empty-handed. Politically, he was a firm believer in the principles of the Republican party, which he served ably as mayor of Linwood before its annexation to the city of Cincinnati. His religious affiliation was given to the Roman Catholic Church, of which he was a regular attendant, a liberal supporter, and an enthusiastic member and worker. In Mr.


Heekin's death St. Stephen's Church lost a most valued and sincere member.

James Heekin was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, to Mary Malloy, a daughter of Daniel and Mary (Gallagher) Malloy, natives of Ireland who had come to Cincinnati at an early date. James Heekin and Mary (Malloy) Heekin were the parents of fifteen children, among whom were James J. Heekin, and Albert E. Heekin (see following sketch), both of whom became associated with their father's various enterprises.

James Heekin died at his residence on Heekin Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio, on January 10, 1904, in his sixty-first year. The funeral was held in St. Stephen's Roman Catholic Church, the services being conducted by Archbishop William Elder with the assistance of his coadjutor, Bishop Henry Moeller, and with the funeral oration delivered by the Rev. Father John M. Mackey.


A business man of Cincinnati, Ohio, widely known for the variety and importance of the industries with which he is associated in an executive capacity, Albert E. Heekin is treasurer and secretary of the Heekin Can Company, toward whose steady growth he has materially contributed. He has found time, also, to render military service to his country. As a citizen and popular clubman he is prominent in his city. Albert E. Heekin is the son of James Heekin (q. v.), pioneer merchant, churchman, philanthropist, and citizen, for half a century identified with the industrial and civic development of Cincinnati. He was born in Malinbeg, County Donegal, Ireland, December 8, 1843, and was brought to Cincinnati as a small boy, where he was liberally educated. He built up, first, a coffee, tea and spice business, James Heekin & Company, then the Heekin Spice Company, of which he was president, and the Heekin Can Company, which he also served in the capacity of president. He was a good citizen, mayor of Linwood before


its annexation to the city, and a generous and understanding philanthropist. He died January to, 1904. His wife was Mary Malloy, daughter of Daniel and Mary (Gallagher) Malloy, and to them fifteen children were born, including the subject of this record.

Albert E. Heekin, son of James and Mary (Malloy) Heekin, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, November 22, 1878. He attended public schools and completed his education under private tutors. His business career began in association with his father in the tea and coffee business, James Heekin & Company. He was identified with his father in organizing the Heekin Can Company in 1901, of which he has always been treasurer and secretary. The plant from the beginning manufactured decorated tin cans and boxes, and grew so steadily that by 1909 more room was needed for the expanded business, and the plant was moved from its first location at the corner of Third and Eggleston Avenue to its present site on Culvert Street. One building after another has arisen as needed, and now the plant occupies over 200,000 feet of floor space and maintains a branch in Norwood. Over eight hundred men are employed, and products are marketed all over the United States. Heekin Can Company is rated as the third largest of its kind in the country. Every detail of the present equipment is modern and complete, the employees being supplied with an admirably run cafeteria, a sanitary hospital with a nurse in constant attendance, light, heat, and cleanliness and conveniences everywhere. Mr. Heekin has been a guiding spirit in this beneficent development, as well as in the following companies : The Heekin Company, Water and Walnut streets, of which he is treasurer ; the Drackett Chemical Company, treasurer ; the Federal Color Laboratories, Inc., of Norwood, Ohio, treasurer; and the Jackson Box Company, of Norwood, Ohio, treasurer.

A Republican in politics, he supports progressive political leaders. He served in the Spanish-American War in 1898, and was captain of the Home Guards, 1917-18. His clubs are:


The Queen City, the Hyde Park Century, the Longview Club, of Pittsburgh. He is an active member of the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, and a communicant of St. Mary's Church.

In 1905, Mr. Heekin married Bertha M. Ebersole, of Cincinnati, Ohio, daughter of George R. and Emma V. Ebersole, and they are the parents of the following children : George E., born in 1906; Charles L., born in 1908; and Albert E., Jr., born in 1914.


A native of Cincinnati, a graduate of its schools, and an employee for some twenty-six years of one of its leading financial institutions, Mr. Niehoff had reached a prominent position in the banking and social circles of his native city, when an untimely death cut short his useful life in 1925, at the early age of forty-three. He was born in Cincinnati, July II, 1881, a son of George and Sophia (Habighorst) Niehoff, both natives of Germany, from where his father had come to the United States in 1869 and his mother in 1871. The former was for many years in the liquor business and in later years owned and operated the Niehoff Apartments at No. 1601 Montgomery Road. He died, November 29, 1912, being survived by his widow and five children : 1. Mamie, married F. W. Kamp, of St. Louis, Missouri, and mother of two children, James R., and Margaret. 2. Annie, married W. C. Lakamp, of Cincinnati. 3. Carrie, married J. A. Beresford, of St. Louis, Missouri, and mother of three children, Mary, Jane, and Bettie. 4. George J., of whom further. 5. Harry R., secretary of the Weil, Roth & Irving Company, prominent investment bankers of Cincinnati ; married Norma Peterson, and is the father of two children, Carl and Dick.

George J. Niehoff was educated in the public schools and at Walnut Hills High School, Cincinnati, from which latter he was graduated. After leaving school he entered the em-


ploy of the Western Bank & Trust Company, Cincinnati, as a messenger, in 1899. Close application to his work, unfailing courtesy and continuous efficiency, brought him well deserved recognition in the form of frequent promotions, until he was made finally paying teller of the commercial department of the bank with which he had remained throughout his entire business career, a position which he held at the time of his death, April 12, 1925. He was a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; the Cuvier Press Club ; and the Milestone Club, an offshoot of the Cuvier Press Club.

His greatest source of recreation he found in bowling, and he was one of the most widely known members of the bowling fraternity of Cincinnati. Many years ago he rolled with the Crestline team in the Suburban League, and, when this team entered the Hamilton County League, he continued as one of its most effective members, finishing as an honor man during many seasons. He also bowled in the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks League. In politics he was a supporter of the Republican party, while his religious affiliations were with St. John's Evangelical Protestant Church of Cincinnati.

Mr. Niehoff never married, but made his home with his mother at No. 3601 Montgomery Avenue, Evanston, Cincinnati. It was there that he died, after a short illness, which developed into pneumonia. He was buried in the General Protestant Cemetery, Walnut Hills. Through his death his family lost a devoted and loving son and brother, his friends a genial and faithful associate, his employers an honest and efficient worker, and his community an upright and useful citizen.


James Wilson will be remembered as a pioneer business man of Cincinnati, and one who by his many commercial and industrial activities contributed in no small measure to the


growth and advancement of the Queen City and its environs. He was of that fine type of fearless but wise and careful business pioneers to which the firm foundations of the commercial life of most cities owe their very existence. A New Englander, born and bred, he possessed those traits of character which led his ancestors to give up their comfortable homes in Old England and to seek freedom and new homes in the vast wilderness which came to be known as New England. He was industrious, upright, persevering, energetic and honest and honorable in all his dealings. The village of Cincinnati became the city of Cincinnati solely through the constructive efforts of men like James Wilson.

James Wilson was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on August to, 1798, a son of James Wilson. He was educated in the local public schools, and at the age of twenty years removed to Pinkneyville, Missouri, where he was engaged for several years in the mercantile business. In the year 1830 he came to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he became identified with the wholesale grocery business, in association with Thomas Jenifer Adams, which partnership continued for some years. Subsequently, Mr. Wilson became associated with Nathan Guilford in the manufacture of type and printing presses. This business was later re-organized as the Cincinnati Type Foundry with Mr. Wilson as president, which high executive position he held up to the time of his death. About the year 1840 he formed a partnership with R. W. Lee, under the firm name of R. W. Lee & Company, in the pork packing business and the manufacture of lard oil, being a pioneer in the latter business. Mr. Lee withdrew from the firm about 1845, at which time Mr. Wilson formed a partnership with Horace Hunt for the transaction of a commission business, under the name of James Wilson & Company, with offices at No. 21 West Canal Street. Upon the removal of Mr. Hunt to New York City, the business was continued from July 1, 1851, by Mr. Wilson and others until Mr. Wilson's retirement on December 1, 1861. James Wilson was an astute business man, and took advantage


of opportunities as they came to him, and that he was successful in his endeavors was due to his ability, efficiency, and prevision in recognizing opportunity's knock upon his door. He was careful in his charities, but most liberal toward all worthy objects recommended through his church or his personal observation, and no needy person was ever turned away empty-handed.

James Wilson was married, at Cincinnati, Ohio, on April 21, 1823, to Eliza Bogie, a native of Edinburgh, Scotland. They were the parents of James Bogie Wilson, an account of whose life and labors immediately follows this biography of his father.

James Wilson's death occurred at his home in Cincinnati, Ohio, on January Jo, 1867, and lost to that city a man who had been a protagonist in its commercial and industrial advance.


The late James Bogie Wilson was well and widely known throughout Greater Cincinnati, for he was one of those active and far-seeing citizens who made that term an actuality. His long and useful life was well spent and fully rounded, and that he will be missed in the Queen City is a foregone conclusion. In public, business and private life he applied a strict code of ethics, among whose ramifications may be mentioned those prerequisites to success, no matter what the field of endeavor, of proved ability, great efficiency, unflagging industry, high integrity, and absolute, unquestioned honesty of thought, purpose and deed. His was an engaging yet dominant personality which made friends for him wherever he went, and that he was a decided asset and credit to his native city is a fact not to be doubted.

James Bogie Wilson was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on March 2, 1838, a son of James and Eliza (Bogie) Wilson, a biography of whom precedes. The father, James Wilson, a native of New England, came to Cincinnati in 183o and became one of the city's most influential and foremost business


men; while the mother, Eliza (Bogie) Wilson, was a native of Edinburgh, Scotland. An account of the life and labors of the father will be found immediately preceding this biography of his son.

James Bogie Wilson was educated in the public schools of his birthplace and in the Herron Private School, following which he embarked upon his business career by associating himself with his father in the latter's successful business, Wilson, Eggleston & Company. He served with distinction in the Union Army during the Civil War, after which he again engaged in business with Benjamin Eggleston in the firm of Wilson, Eggleston & Company. In the year 1863 he was a member of the board of directors of the Young Men's Mercantile Library Association ; and in 1878 was elected to the Board of Aldermen of Cincinnati from a Democratic ward, serving with great ability and being reelected for a five-year term. His service on the board was highly creditable to himself and an honor to the judgment of his constituents. In 1884 he was appointed by the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce as one of the Exposition commissioners, and served as such during the twelfth and thirteenth Expositions. He was a valued director of a number of local corporations, among others of the Second National Bank, which he served at one time as vice-president. From 1873 to 1875, inclusive, he was connected with the Cincinnati "Times-Star" in an editorial capacity, then known as the "Evening Star"; and at another time he gave excellent service in the county clerk's office. In 1868 he was one of the members of the first board of directors of the first Cincinnati Central Young Men's Christian Association. He was an active and interested member of the local post of the Grand Army of the Republic, and was a dependable worker and supporter of all worthy enterprises of a benevolent and progressive nature. It is safe to say that no business man of Cincinnati of his day was better known or more highly respected than James B. Wilson. His death occurred at his home in Cincinnati, Ohio, on January 20, 1923, in his eighty-fourth year.


James Bogie Wilson was married at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on April 12, 1870, to Sue J. Camblos, a daughter of George W. and Sue (Budd) Camblos, residents of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. James Bogie and Sue J. (Camblos) Wilson were the parents of the following children : 1. Pierre Camblos, born in 1871. 2. James Algernon, born in 1872. 3. George Percy, born in 1874. 4. Juanita, born in 1878; she became the wife of the late Frank R. Thompson.

Frank R. Thompson was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, March 4, 1876, a son of George and Anna (Wood) Thompson, the latter a daughter of Dr. Wood. He was educated at the Woodward School, University of Cincinnati, and Princeton University, and during his undergraduate days was honored by election to Sigma Chi, one of the foremost of the national Greek-letter fraternities. He entered the wholesale groceries business of his father's firm, the Howell Manufacturing Company, and continued in this line of endeavor up to the time of his death, which occurred in 1907. He was a noted athlete, a staunch member of the Republican party, and his religious affiliation was given to the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was a regular attendant and a most liberal supporter. He was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 19, 1906, to Juanita Wilson, the youngest of the four children of James Bogie and Sue J. (Camblos) Wilson. Frank R. and Juanita (Wilson) Thompson were the parents of one child, Desha Frank, born in 1907; now (1926) an undergraduate in the University of Cincinnati, pursuing an applied fine arts course which will take five years to complete. Mrs. Juanita ( Wilson) Thompson survives her father, James Bogie Wilson, and her husband, Frank R. Thompson, and continues to reside with her daughter in Cincinnati, Ohio.


The career of the late William Henry Boeh, viewed in perspective, proves him to have been an unusually astute business


man who constantly and consistently applied to both his public and private life a strict code of ethics among whose chief ramifications may be mentioned those prerequisites to success, no matter what the field of endeavour, of ability, efficiency, industry, perseverance, probity, indefatigable energy, and unflagging, unquestioned honesty of thought, purpose and deed. Mr. Boeh was an expert civil engineer, who achieved noteworthy success in his profession. He was also a public official who had held many and various offices, in each of which he had applied himself so faithfully and had discharged the many duties devolving upon him with such ability and despatch, that his labors reacted in no small degree to the advancement and progress of his community and the betterment of its institutions. It is to men of Mr. Boeh's stamp that the present highly prosperous condition of Cincinnati and its environs is very largely due, for men like the late Mr. Boeh, who have the welfare of their city at heart at all times, constitute the most prominent and influential class of any community, whether large or small.

William Henry Boeh was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 18, 1847, a son of Melchior and Frances (Yeager) Boeh, well known and highly respected residents of that city. His education was received in the parochial Catholic schools of his birthplace, following which, in 1863, he embarked upon his business career by entering the employ of Joseph Earnshaw, civil engineer and surveyor, as a rodman, remaining with Mr. Earnshaw and learning the business thoroughly under his expert tutelage for the next fifteen years. At the end of that time, in 1873, he became engineer of the Whitewater Valley Railroad, which position he relinquished in 1875, in order to go into private practice with Mr. Earnshaw under the firm name of Earnshaw & Boeh. He assisted in the early surveys and construction of the Nickel Plate Railroad in Washington and Michigan, and upon his return to Cincinnati he became city sewerage engineer, in which position he was identified for several years. In 1879 he was appointed assistant city engi-


neer of the city of Cincinnati, and during the years 188o and 1881 served as assistant engineer of the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad. From 1881 to 1883 he was assistant chief engineer of the Michigan & Ohio Railroad, and during the following year again served as assistant city engineer of the city of Cincinnati. In 1885 he was appointed superintendent of city water works for the city of Cincinnati, which position he held for about ten years, and from 1887 to 1889 also served as division engineer of the Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railroad. In 1889 he again engaged in private practice, and from 1891 to 1893 was once more assistant city engineer of Cincinnati. He then went into private practice, and for a time was engaged with William Scully in the construction of asphalt streets for the city, retiring from this field of endeavor when he was appointed deputy county surveyor in 1907 by the late Clinton Gowen, whom he succeeded as county surveyor in 1915. Mr. Boeh continued in this office until 1919, when in turn he was succeeded in that position by the resent county surveyor, E. A. Gast, who appointed Mr. Boeh deputy county surveyor, which position he held at the time of his death. As deputy county surveyor and as county surveyor of Hamilton County, Ohio, Mr. Boeh accomplished much excellent work, and was regarded as one of the most efficient engineers who had ever held this office. His work, both in public office and in private practice, was of the highest quality, and his lamented death lost to the city of Cincinnati one of its foremost engineers, a man whose word was as good as his bond.

Mr. Boeh was a member of the Roman Catholic Church. Politically, he was a staunch member of the Republican party, and he held active membership in the Engineers' Club of Cincinnati, having been elected to membership in that organization in the year 1907. Mr. Boeh was greatly admired by all with whom he came in contact, for his general good-fellowship and his friendliness. He possessed a kindly, winning, and yet dominant, personality which not only made but held friendships. He was an omnivorous reader, and was well and


widely known for his broad acquaintance with literary and erudite subjects. His death occurred suddenly on October 28, 1924, in Cincinnati, Ohio, while engaged upon his duties as deputy county surveyor, and while seated at his desk in the courthouse. His passing came as a distinct shock to all his many friends and professional associates, and that he will be greatly missed is a foregone conclusion. Mr. Boeh never married.

Mr. Boeh's life and labors were preeminently successful, and his career clearly shows that achievement and success depends upon a man's character and characteristics. Mr. Boeh was marked for success, for he possessed to an unusual degree the mental capacity and fundamental virtues upon which all success is predicated. His life was well-rounded, and well, wisely and fully lived, and the record of his career can very well serve as a model, guide, and an inspiration to the present generation of rising young business men.


No history of Cincinnati and its environs would be complete without some mention of the life and labors of the late Benjamin F. Smith, a descendant of one of the old pioneer families of this section of Ohio, and a man who at one time owned practically the entire Norwood section of the city of Cincinnati. The men of the Smith family, from the pioneer down to Benjamin F. Smith, were men of that stamp which makes for the highest citizenship. Always deeply interested in their community, they spared neither time nor money in helping to give an added impetus to the growth, advancement and progress of the city and the betterment of its institutions. Benjamin F. Smith was a most successful agriculturist, combining scientific principles with good common sense and an inherited love for the soil with the most signal results. Probably no man of his generation in his particular section of the State had a deeper, more comprehensive or better founded


knowledge of farming than he. His life was unusually well-lived, well-rounded, useful, constructive and beneficent ; and he was the personification of Americanism of the highest type—in fact, a man who was an asset and a credit to the community at large, and whose loss will be keenly felt.

Benjamin F. Smith's grandfather was Abraham Smith, who was the first of that ancient patronymic and one of the first white men to settle in Norwood. He acquired large tracts of land, a part of which he had purchased from the Government, and devoted himself to agriculture. He had three children : Sarah, who married Stephen Mills ; Hiram, of whom forward ; and Samuel.

Hiram Smith, second of the three children of Abraham Smith, the pioneer, was born, lived, and died on the old Smith homestead in Norwood, and was also a farmer. He married Elizabeth Babbitt, who bore him three children : 1. Benjamin F. Smith, the subject of this biographical review. 2. Amelia, married William Platt ; their children were : Cleona, Robert, Aurora, Emma, and May. 3. Emily, wife of William Mathers ; their children were : Hiram, George, Warren, and Richard.

Benjamin F. Smith, the son of Hiram and Elizabeth (Babbitt) Smith, was born March 3, 1833, in Cincinnati, Ohio, on the old homestead on the corner of Main and Washington streets, in the Norwood section, which homestead was destined to remain in the possession of the Smith family for one hundred and thirteen years. Benjamin F. Smith received his education in the local public schools of his birthplace, following which he devoted himself to farming, a vocation he followed throughout his life. He lived at the old homestead all his life, operating the large farm, and several other farms of which he had become the owner from time to time, owning eleven farms at the time of his death. His hobby was to buy a run-down farm, to rebuild and improve it, and to rejuvenate the soil by the rotation crop system until he had it in a high state of cultivation. Thus he contributed in no small measure


to the upbuilding and progress of the community. Mr. Smith's holdings comprised the greater part of South Norwood, and at one time he was one of six men who owned virtually the entire city of Norwood and its adjacent suburbs. Twenty-one years after Mr. Smith's death his widow decided to dispose of the old homestead, Mr. Smith having sold all the property except twelve acres, which is a full city block, about sixteen years ago. Mrs. Smith sold eight acres to the Henderson Lithographic Company, and in June, 1925, the old Smith farm was purchased by the Major Realty Company (represented by the Frederick A. Schmidt Company) for the sum of $200,000, which made it the largest realty deal ever concluded in that city. The Smith homestead, which Benjamin F. Smith built, a two-story frame structure, had been occupied by the family about forty years (this was in the sight of the old homestead built seventy-three years before), but steadily encroaching business and manufactories had made it advisable to sell. The property had a frontage of two hundred and seventy feet on Main Avenue and of five hundred feet on Washington Avenue, and adjoins the plant of the Henderson, now the Trowbridge, Lithograph Company on the north. It is reported that a number of business establishments will be constructed on the site. Thus, bowing before the Juggernaut of Big Business, the old homestead where five generations of Smiths have lived, will very shortly be devoted to commercial interests.

Mr. Smith was a life-long Democrat, and always an ardent advocate of the principles of his chosen party. He was a constant attendant of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Norwood, of which his mother was one of the founders, and was noted for his liberality in donations to all churches, no matter what denomination. His death occurred on August 7, 1904, during his seventy-first year, in the ancestral home he had loved so well.

Benjamin F. Smith was married in Norwood, Ohio, December 18, 1890, to Margaret M. Bicking, a daughter of Rob-



ert Smith Bicking and Mary E. (Bull) Bicking. The father, Robert Smith Bicking, was the son of Samuel Bicking, who was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and who came with father and mother and eight other children, in all, three boys and six girls, to Ohio as a pioneer in a covered wagon and became a well-known farmer of Jackson Township, Clermont County. On three different occasions he returned by covered wagon to his old home in Lancaster for a visit, remaining at one time a year, but returned again ; both died in Clermont County, and are buried in Greenberry Cemetery. Benjamin F. and Margaret M. (Bicking) Smith were the parents of one daughter, Grace Elizabeth Smith. She was born in the old homestead, and married Hugo A. Fussner, a prominent business man of Cincinnati. They have one child, Frank Smith Fussner, who represents the fifth generation to live on the old Smith homestead in Norwood. Benjamin F. Smith's death was a distinct loss to the community in which he had lived and labored throughout his long life, for it is men of his calibre upon which rests the very foundations of our democracy—men who are sincere citizens and patriots, true and noble in their lives, and protagonists in the progress of their country.


Grand old man of the Cincinnati bar, dean of his brethren of the legal fraternity, himself a legal light and an author of the first magnitude, former Judge Clement Bates' name will go down in the history of the State of Ohio fixed forever in his contributions to the legal literature of his time. Having passed the fourscore mark, he may look back upon a most interesting and helpful career, in which he has made use of his gifts to the better understanding of the law by reason of his facile pen and clear interpretation of the complex questions which here and there have demanded solution in the progress of Ohio jurisprudence. In semi-retirement, he sees the superstructure that he builded upon so solid a foundation occupied


by his son, who is carrying on with signal ability in emulation of his honored father.

Judge Clement Bates is a descendant of Rev. Jonathan Edwards, the eminent New England preacher and philosopher of the early half of the eighteenth century. His father, General Joshua Hall Bates, was a soldier and lawyer, who made a name and fame for himself in both those lines of activity. Through his parents, natives of Massachusetts, he has an ancient and honorable ancestry. On the paternal side he traces his line back to 1636 in England. He is a representative of a family which was among the first of the English to establish a permanent settlement in America; and when the colonists found the British yoke too heavy to bear, his paternal great-grandfather joined the forces seeking liberty and served with distinction as a major in the Revolutionary War. On the maternal side, he is descended from ancestors who were large figures in the public life of the young nation. His grandfather, Dr. George Bates, was a prominent physician and surgeon, who practiced near Boston. He had a warm and powerful friend in Andrew Jackson, who, as general, appointed Joshua Hall Bates to be a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point. Thus the father of Judge Clement Bates entered upon a military career and served his government as a second lieutenant in the 4th United States Artillery. He served under General Eustis in the Seminole War ; next served in the patriot disturbance on the Canadian border, where he remained two years, being promoted to first lieutenant for brave and meritorious conduct and given command of Fort Niagara. During his army service he read law, and desiring to perfect himself in that study, he asked and was granted a six months' leave of absence, which he spent in study at the law school in Cambridge, Massachusetts. At the end of his furlough, he applied for his discharge, but instead was granted three months' additional leave, with permission to come to Cincinnati.

General Bates established his home in Cincinnati in 1842, and after being admitted to the bar, having studied for a time


with Hon. Bellamy Storer, Sr., he engaged in the practice of law with his senior associate, Hon. William Key Bond, one of the early practitioners of Cincinnati, and a former member of Congress. Later he was a partner of W. S. Scarborough, and for twenty years they enjoyed an extensive and lucrative practice, but when the Civil War broke out, Mr. Bates, who had been for some years the senior brigadier-general of the Ohio militia, was appointed by President Lincoln to the command of Camp Harrison, near Cincinnati. He was transferred to Camp Dennison, where he organized and from which he sent out sixteen regiments of infantry. Throughout the war he was chiefly engaged in organizing forces and in work for the Sanitary Commission, and in other ways made valued contributions to the success of the Union's cause. During the memorable raid of Morgan in Ohio, General Bates was placed in command of the city of Cincinnati by the Citizens Committee of Safety. He commanded the division of the left wing of defense at Covington, when Kirby Smith was making his way toward the Mason and Dixon Line, and remained in that position until the rebel troops were withdrawn. He became personally acquainted with President Lincoln.

Upon retiring from the army, General Bates was elected to fill out an unexpired term in the Ohio Senate, and following the declaration of peace, he resumed the practice of law in Cincinnati, taking into partnership his eldest son, Clement Bates. In 1875 he again was elected to the Ohio Senate. At the close of that service he again resumed his law practice, and in 1883 formed a partnership with Hon. Rufus W. Smith, who afterward was judge of the Superior Court in Cincinnati. He afterward became a partner of H. P. Kauffman, under the style of Bates & Kauffman, and this arrangement continued in force until General Bates withdrew from active practice. He had been a Democrat until the issues of the Civil War swung him over to the Republican party, of which he ever afterward remained a strong supporter. In 1872 he was a member of the Electoral College, which made General Grant president for


his second term. He was also a director in local banking institutions and of the Cincinnati Gas Company, a trustee of the Reuben Springs Fund, director of the Music Hall Association, and organizer of the western, or Cincinnati, branch of the Standard Oil Company. He was affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and the Grand Army of the Republic. He was a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity, and a charter member of the Queen City Club. Both he and his wife were for a long period members of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, Cincinnati.

General Bates married, May 8, 1844, Elizabeth Dwight Hoadly, a daughter of George and Mary A. Hoadly, of Cleveland, Ohio, and a sister of former Governor George Hoadly. They were the parents of five sons : 1. Clement, of whom further. 2. Charles J., a civil engineer in New York City. 3. William S., a patent lawyer in California. 4. Marrick L., who traveled extensively in Europe, pursuing literary studies, then entered a college in Germany ; was graduated from the Ohio Medical College in 1903, and is now practicing his profession in Cincinnati. 5. James Hervey S., an electrician in New York City. General Bates, who was born in Boston, Massachusetts, March 5, 1817, died at his home in Cincinnati, July 26, 1908, and his wife survived him until February 4, 19I1.

Clement Bates, eldest son of General Joshua Hall and Elizabeth Dwight (Hoadly) Bates, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 1, 1845, and after attending the public schools of his native city, entered Harvard College, from which he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the class of 1865, graduating from Harvard Law School in 1867 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was admitted to the bar in 1869, and entered upon a long and successful period of practice, during which his published works on law subjects established his standing among the leading writers in the profession. He made a lifelong study of law and its practical uses in law offices and in the courts, and his works have become indispen-


sable to the progressive practitioner, due to the fact that their author and editor himself is a master of the rules of practice and of court procedure. Attorneys everywhere keep at hand for ready perusal his "Bates' Pleading," and he is the author of other such standard works as "Walker and Bates' Digest," "Bates' Complete Digest," "Bates' Edition of 'Walker's American Law,' " "Bates on Insurance," "Bates' Partnership," "Ohio Cumulative Digest," "Bates' Revised Statutes," "Bates' Compact Ohio Digest." Many other volumes pertaining to legal practice and usages have been published under Judge Bates' name, some of which are used as textbooks in the law schools.

In practice, Judge Bates has been associated with the standard law firms of Bates & Spiegel, and Bates, Campbell, Glendenning & Main ; and in 1906 he formed a partnership with his son, Hugh H. Bates, under the style of Bates & Bates, its present successor being Bates, Petzhold & Skirvin. Mr. Bates was appointed city solicitor of Cincinnati and served with great credit in that office in 1877-1879. He was elevated to the bench of the Common Pleas Court, and filled that position with marked ability for the term, 1887-1892. He, without doubt, is one of the most profoundly learned jurists who have graced the profession of law in Ohio or who have been a member of the judiciary of this commonwealth.

A Republican in politics, Judge Bates ably maintains the principles of that party. He is affiliated with Harmony Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; and with Lincoln Lodge, Knights of Pythias. His religious fellowship is with the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Judge Bates married, June 25, 1872, Frances L. Higbee, of New York City. She comes of distinguished ancestry, being a grandniece of Frances Lear, who was a niece of Martha Washington, and the wife of the secretary to President Washington. In the possession of Hugh H. Bates, son of Judge Bates, are a portrait of Frances Lear, Martha Washington's desk, locks of George and Martha Washington's hair, but-


tons from the President's coat, and a Bible which belonged to Elizabeth Dandridge, sister of Martha Washington. Children of Judge Clement and Frances L. (Higbee) Bates : 1. Joshua H. Bates, who died in 1901. 2. Hugh H. Bates, a sketch of whom follows.


The name of Bates, which has been honored in so signal a manner by members of the family bearing it—especially in the three latter generations—is firmly entrenched in the jurisprudence of the State of Ohio through the contributions to it of Hugh H. Bates, prominent Cincinnati attorney, and son of Judge Clement Bates, himself an author and editor of wide and sustained reputation, a sketch of whom precedes this. The son has emulated his worthy father in a most estimable manner, both as a practitioner and as a producer of law books of standard value. His writings are held in high esteem by law firms and in law schools for their explanatory methods, their conciseness and completeness. His deep learning in the law, his clarity of expression of his own ideas concerning the law and its practice, and the sincerity and sustained power of his published utterances commend his works to the wide reading and constant study of members of the bench and bar. Special reference must be made here to Mr. Bates' contribution to that great work, "Ohio Cumulative Digest," of the first volume of which Mr. Bates is the author. He is co-editor with his distinguished father in the production and publication of a number of standard law works, and among these is "Bates' Compact Ohio Digest," the first volume of which made its appearance in 1926.

Hugh H. Bates was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 27, 1880, a son of Judge Clement and Frances L. (Higbee) Bates, his father a former member of the Ohio Court of Common Pleas and a well-known jurist, his mother a grandniece of Frances Lear, who married the secretary of President Wash-


ington. He was a pupil in the Franklin School and the White & Sykes private school, Cincinnati, from which latter institution he was graduated in 1898. The following four years he was a student at the University of Cincinnati, after which he filled the position of assistant Sunday editor of the "Commercial Tribune," of Cincinnati, in 1902-03. In the fall of 1903 he took up the study of law under private instruction in New York City, and in 1904 took first-year work in the Cincinnati Law School, where he studied two and one-half years. Having completed the full course, owing to study which he had done during the summer months, he received his degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1906, the University of Cincinnati having conferred upon him the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1904. He was admitted to the Cincinnati bar in 1906, and at once entered into partnership with his father, Judge Clement Bates, under the style of Bates & Bates. Father and son did a general practice for an extensive clientele, numbering among them a goodly representation of the leading firms and families of Cincinnati. This partnership continued in effect for a number of years, or until the organization of the firm of Bates, Spetzhold & Skirvin, of which the elder Bates is the senior member. Judge Bates is now living in semi-retirement from the practice of law and his other activities, his mantle having fallen on the shoulders of his son, who with his associates is doing a very extensive law practice, in addition to a large amount of time and energy spent in research and the writing of works on the law.

In his political views, Mr. Bates is a Republican of independent leanings. During the World War he was active in all matters for the advancement of the cause of the United States and the Allies, and he was one of three men who were instrumental in organizing a military company at Hyde Park. He is a member of the Beta Theta Pi and the Phi Delta Phi fraternities, and is a member of the "C" Club of the University of Cincinnati, which he won on the football team when attending law school. He took an active interest in tennis, becom-


ing an expert, having won the Kentucky championship two years, Georgia championship one year, Southern championship one year, the Inverness Club championship five years, and many other tournaments. He had also played baseball on school and college "nines." He is a communicant of the Episcopal Church.

Mr. Bates married (first), in October, 1907, Carlisle Chenault, of. Richmond, Kentucky, and by this union had children : I. Elizabeth Dwight, named for her great-grandmother, Elizabeth Dwight (Hoadly) Bates, who was the wife of General Joshua Hall Bates, a distinguished soldier of the Seminole and Civil wars, and afterward a well-known lawyer in Cincinnati. 2. Anne Douglass. Mr. Bates married (second) Evelyn Luers, and by this marriage there are children : 3. Evelyn L. 4. Dorothy C.


A great philosopher once said that the three finest professions in the world were medicine, pedagogy, and the ministry ; and it is significant that he headed the list with medicine. It is safe to say that no other profession offers so vast a scope for usefulness, constructive helpfulness and fundamental humanitarianism as does medicine and surgery, and in Cincinnati and its environs, Dr. Rufus Bartlett Hall is one of the foremost practitioners of this great profession. Dr. Hall is rated as one of the leading authorities of the world on abdominal surgery and gynecology, and the fact that he has received the honorary degree of Master of Arts from Oxford University proves that he and his works are as well-known abroad as they are at home. Although the seat of Dr. Hall's endeavors is in Cincinnati, the fruits of his labors have spread throughout the civilized world, and his name stands deservedly high among the first rank members of the world's medical fraternity.

Dr. Rufus Bartlett Hall was born in Washington County, Ohio, May 15, 1849, a son of Joseph Bonaparte and Irene


(Bartlett) Hall, the mother a native of Noble County, Ohio, and the father, Joseph Bonaparte Hall, a native of Western New York State, and a millwright by trade.

Rufus Bartlett Hall received his early education in the public and private schools of his birthplace, following which he matriculated at Miami Medical College, from which he was graduated with the class of 1872, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He then went to New England, Athens County, Ohio, where he engaged in general practice for two years, and then to Chillicothe, Ohio, where he engaged in general practice until 1884. He then went abroad to complete and augment his medical and surgical training, and took thorough and comprehensive post-graduate courses at the world-famous universities of Vienna, Berlin, London, and Edinburgh. Upon his return to his native country he settled in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, in April, 1888, where he at once embarked upon the active practice of his profession, specializing from the very first in abdominal surgery and gynecology. He remained in active practice until the year 1923, when he retired, and since that time he confines himself to consultation work only. In 189o, in association with Doctor Reed, he founded a free hospital for women, which was one of the first of its kind in Cincinnati. He also maintained a private hospital of his own at No. 628 Crown Street, which was discontinued in 1912. Dr. Hall is the author of numerous articles which have appeared in the leading medical journals of the world, and in "Who's Who in American Medicine" he is credited with being the first surgeon in America to remove a Calculus from the ureter by the combined abdominal and lumbar incision; the first to close the pelvic peritoneum after making a hysterectomy ; the first to suggest that gall stones, long neglected, had a causative relation to cancer in and about the gall duct ; the first to perform a bloodless operation for the removal of an intralegamentom cyst of the ovary; and the first to elevate the hips and body of the patient in pelvic and abdominal operations. (Note—These


are now the accepted first operations of their kinds by all doctors and surgeons.)

Dr. Hall has been correspondingly active in Masonry, being a member of Walnut Hills Lodge, No. 483, Free and Accepted Masons, a Knight Templar, and a Shriner. He also holds active membership in the Cincinnati Club of Cincinnati, the British Medical Society, the American Medical Association, the American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (of which he held the office of president in 1889), the Ohio State Medical Association (of which he was president in 1900), the Cincinnati Academy of Medicine (of which he was president in 1907), and the Cincinnati Obstetrical Society, of which body he was a former president. He is a founder, member and fellow of the American College of Surgeons, which was founded in Washington, District of Columbia, in 1913. Politically, Dr. Hall upholds the principles of the Republican party. His religious affiliation is given to the Presbyterian Church, of which he is a valued member of the Session.

Dr. Rufus Bartlett Hall was married, at Lowell, Ohio, on March 14, 1872, to Margaret Chandler, of Lower Salem, Ohio, a daughter of Joseph and Anne (Biglee) Chandler. Mrs. Hall passed away June 19, 1916. Dr. and Mrs. Hall were the parents of the following children : 1. Dr. Joseph Arda, M. D., born in the year 1872, is associated with his distinguished father; biographical record immediately follows. 2. Anna Leona, born irk 188o; married N. R. Park, and they have two children, Hall C., and Rich B. 3. Lydia, died in infancy. 4. Rufus B., Jr., an attorney, born in 1887; married Frances Eberral, and they have three children : Margaret, Joseph, and William. Dr. Hall resides at No. 723 Ridgeway Avenue, Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio.


Dr. Joseph Arda Hall, son of Dr. Rufus Bartlett Hall (whose biography immediately precedes this), is, like his


father, one of the noteworthy members of Cincinnati's medical fraternity, and for almost three decades has devoted himself to that great humanitarian profession with conspicuous success. Cincinnati has been the seat of his professional activities during all of this period of medical identification, and he has become well and widely known throughout the Queen City and its environs as a physician and surgeon of proved ability and wide experience.

Dr. Joseph Arda Hall was born in New England, Athens County, Ohio, on December 4, 1872, a son of Dr. Rufus Bartlett Hall (q. v.) and Margaret (Chandler) Hall. The son's early education was received in the public schools of Chillicothe and Cincinnati, Ohio, following which he attended the Ohio Military Institute at College Hill, Ohio. He then matriculated at Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio, in the class of 1895. For his medical training he entered Miami Medical College, of Cincinnati, Ohio, from which he was graduated on April I, 1897, receiving the coveted degree of Doctor of Medicine. He at once embarked upon the active practice of his profession by opening offices in Cincinnati, where he soon built up a large and lucrative clientage and where he has been in practice ever since—a matter of almost thirty years. From 1908 to 1916, Dr. Hall was a member of the War Relief Board of the American Red Cross, and also served as a member of the Board for the construction of the Lima State Hospital, at Lima, Ohio.

Dr. Hall's military record is worthy of more than passing mention. In 1892 he enlisted in the 14th Regiment of the Ohio National Guard, and in the following year was promoted to first lieutenant of Infantry. In 1903 lie was commissioned a captain of Medical Corps ; major in 1906; and lieutenant-colonel, Medical Corps, in 1911. He was inducted into the service of the United States for active duty during the World War on June 15, 1917, and was immediately assigned to duty as Division Surgeon of the 37th Division. He served throughout the duration of the war in the United States and France,


and was honorably discharged from federal service on March 17, 1919. At the present time (1926) he holds a commission as colonel, Medical Corps Reserve, United States Army. He is an active member of the Army and Navy Club, of Washington, District of Columbia, and of the Cincinnati Club, of Cincinnati. During the doctor's undergraduate days he was honored by election to Beta Theta Pi, one of the foremost of the national Greek-letter fraternities. He has since kept up his deep interest in the welfare of the chapter, and when visiting his alma mater never fails to join the present-day followers of Wooglin in praise of Pater Knox. He is also a member of Alpha Kappa Kappa (professional) fraternity.

Dr. Joseph Arda Hall was married in Troy, Ohio, on October I, 1923, to Miss Ellen Dean Wheeler, a daughter of Thomas Bemas and Mary (Richmond) Wheeler, well-known and highly respected residents of that town. Dr. and Mrs. Hall maintain their residence at No. 3475 Holly Lane, East Walnut Hills, in Cincinnati ; while his professional address is No. 628 Elm Street.


Prominent in the legal, Masonic and social worlds of Cincinnati, Ohio, is Frank Holmes Shaffer, who was born there March 31, 1857. Mr. Shaffer is descended from a historically interesting family on both the paternal and maternal sides. An ancestor of his mother, Edward Doty, came from England to New England in the "Mayflower." His father, William Shaffer, who was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, in 1819, was descended from Alexander Shaffer, who came in 1732 to East Pennsylvania from Bavaria to escape religious persecution, for he was a Lutheran. William Shaffer married Susan Ann Lewis, and moved to Cincinnati, where he died October 21, 1893.

His son, Frank Holmes Shaffer, grew up in Cincinnati, where he was educated, and graduated from Chickering Insti-


tute in 1873. For four years he attended Yale University, receiving his degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1877. After a year in the Cincinnati Law School, he completed his legal training at the University of Michigan, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1879. He began the practice of his profession in Hamilton, Ohio, and was for four years there, for two years serving as city solicitor. Since 1886, Mr. Shaffer has practiced in Hamilton County. He is a member of the firm of Park, Shaffer & Williams. He is still a member of the Sinking Fund Trustees of Cincinnati, to which he was appointed in 1912. Mr. Shaffer is a Scottish Rite Mason, a member of the Business Men's Club and the Queen City Club of Cincinnati, and of the Chamber of Commerce. He is a member of the Mayflower Society, and eligible on his mother's side to the Sons of the American Revolution. He is a communicant of the Episcopal Church.

Frank H. Shaffer married, in Louisville, Kentucky, September 25, 1883, Alicia Adelaide Bakewell, born in that city, daughter of William Gifford and Maria (Dillingham) Bake-well. Mr. and Mrs. Shaffer were the parents of six children, of whom five are living : 1. Lucy K. 2. Annie Bakewell, who died at the age of twenty-two. 3. Susan Lewis. 4. Frank H., Jr., attorney in his father's office. 5. William B., a traveling salesman. 6. Frederick Stanley, of the foreign department of the American Laundry Machine Company.


Among the merchant packers of Cincinnati, none stood higher in the estimation of his fellows and the trade in general, than Edward H. Maffey. Trained as a banker, he brought to his new business the splendid qualities of wise judgment, rare ability and unquestioned integrity. His character was one of unusual strength, a strength that manifested itself in almost perfect self-reliance, while his capacity for work was considered phenomenal. And in the midst of his work, he


appeared easily to find time for any reasonable demand that was made upon him. He was a man of lofty ideals. To do the high thing was not in him in the nature of a struggle ; it was native to him. His sympathy was sustaining, and the number of those who profited by his wayside ministries can not be reckoned. His passing, while yet .in his prime and with great possibilities before him, was recognized by his friends and associates as a calamity, and the memory of his wise counsel, his earnest leadership and his generosity is an inspiration. Always interested in public affairs, Mr. Maffey never sought political preferment, but his rigid standard of business honor and integrity and his unfailing common sense were so recognized that he was called upon to fill various positions of responsibility. His clear mind, so honest in itself, did not permit his being blinded by prejudice or pre-possessions, but looking fact squarely in the face, after patient study, he was prepared to act energetically, without precipitation and to inspire others with the same confidence. His ready wit and keen sense of humor helped him over many hard places.

Edward H. Maffey, son of Luden and Minerva ( Schuerman) Maffey, was born in Cincinnati, December 3, 1874. Francis Schuerman, his maternal grandfather, was widely known in the Cincinnati of an earlier day as a noted physician and surgeon. Luden Maffey, his father, was a manufacturer of watch cases. Edward H. Maffey received a substantial schooling in the public schools of his native city. He left his high school studies at the age of twelve to begin a wage-earning career with the National Lafayette Bank, of Cincinnati, as a messenger, and he remained with that institution for approximately a dozen years, rising through the various grades to the post of assistant paying teller. In 1900 he transferred his affiliation to the pork packing trade, in which department of the packing-provision business Cincinnati had always been a close rival of Chicago, with a market extending all over the country. He joined the packing establishment of H. H. Myers as manager, and after a few years in that capacity he was made


secretary and treasurer, in which relation he continued until 1918. He then withdrew and purchased the Loewenstine Meat Company, which business he reorganized as the Standard Beef Company, conducting both a wholesale and a retail business which he continued up to the time of his death. He served as secretary, treasurer and also as a director in the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce; was for more than thirty years prominent in Masonry, being a member of the McMicken Lodge, and he held membership also in the Cincinnati Press Club. Politically, he was a Republican. His hobby was baseball.

Edward H. Maffey married, in 1893, Teresa Thompson, daughter of John Henry and Elinor Rose (Dacosta) Thompson, the former a native of London, England, the latter of West Virginia. Mrs. Maffey was born in England. The children of Edward H. and Teresa (Thompson) Maffey, all born in Cincinnati : 1. Jeannette, married William Heil, and they have one child : Edward William. 2. Violet, married Edward Schmitt, and they have two children : Robert, and Donald.

In every phase of life Mr. Maffey showed the same high courage. He was a man of fine natural ability, great steadfastness of purpose and loyalty to any cause which he espoused. He was a marked factor in the upbuilding of Cincinnati and its packing trade. He died in Cincinnati, June 20, 1925.


A lawyer of distinguished attainments, and a business man thoroughly grounded in the basic principles underlying all sound business, Richard Pretlow Ernst has risen by merit to the high honor of representing the State of Kentucky in the Senate of the United States. He was born in Covington, Kentucky, February 28, 1858, the son of William Ernst, a banker, and of Sarah (Butler) Ernst. His father was president of the old Northern Bank of Kentucky, in Covington ; and from early manhood Senator Ernst has been familiar with banking life and problems. He prepared for college in Covington,


Kentucky, and at Chickering Academy, Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was graduated in 1874. He passed four years at Centre College, Danville, Kentucky, and was graduated in 1878. He was graduated from the Law School of the University of Cincinnati in 188o; and was admitted to the bar in Kentucky the same year. He practiced continuously ever since, having offices in Kentucky and Ohio, his firm being Ernst, Cassatt & Cottle, of Cincinnati, Ohio. The firm has represented and represents, as counsellor and advisor, many large business interests. He also is chairman of the board of directors of the Liberty National Bank of Covington. Senator Ernst was active in every form of war activity at home. His only son, William Ernst, was in the army throughout the World War, and left the service with the rank of captain. John Palmer Darnall, son-in-law of the Senator, who married his only daughter, was also actively engaged in service in France.

Senator Ernst has taken deep interest in educational work in the mountains of Kentucky, and has aided mountain schools throughout the State. Indeed, he has given liberally of his time, labor and means in behalf of educational and religious movements in Kentucky and other places. He is a member of the board of trustees of Centre College, and a member of its executive committee. He serves in the same capacities at the University of Kentucky and at Pikeville College. He is a trustee of one of the largest women's colleges in the West, the Western College for Women of Oxford, Ohio, where he has been serving for a quarter of a century. Senator Ernst has aided every character of religious work in his own city, throughout the State, and beyond the confines of Kentucky. He has not discriminated against Church, Cathedral or Synagogue. For many years he has been an elder in the First Presbyterian Church at Covington; for thirty years he has been superintendent of the Sunday school, and has been president of the Young Men's Christian Association of Covington



for thirty-two years. His activity in politics has not been that of an office-seeker, but rather that of a citizen, who believes that politics means business, and that a politician should be in the front rank of those who labor for the prosperity and uplift of the city and State along business, agricultural and educational lines. He has been active in Republican councils in his State for many years and also has represented the State-at-large as a delegate to Republican National conventions. He was elected United States Senator on November 2, 1920. His services in the Senate have been marked by his efforts in behalf of good business, and his long business and professional experience fitted him particularly for this work.

In 1886, Senator Ernst married Susan Brent, daughter of Hugh Taylor Brent, of Covington, Kentucky, and they are the parents of two children : William ; and Sarah (Ernst) Darnall, the wife of John Palmer Darnall.


Though one of the younger members of the medical profession of his native city, Cincinnati, Dr. Lyle is one of the most active and successful and is especially noted for his extensive work on the staffs of several hospitals. He was born in Cincinnati, February 15, 1895, a son of B. F. Lyle, M. D., a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Cincinnati, class of 1882, and a specialist in tuberculosis, prominent in Cincinnati's medical circles for many years.

Dr. Donald Johnson Lyle was educated in the public and high schools of his native city and at the University of Cincinnati from which latter he was graduated with the degree of B. S. in 1917. He then took up the study of medicine in the Medical College of the University of Cincinnati and graduated from this institution in 1919 with the degree of M. D. After six months' service as interne at the General Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky, he went to New York City for further study and experience and served for about one year as house surgeon in the Harlem Eye and Ear Hospital, New York City. At the


end of 1920 he returned to Cincinnati and in December of that year he established himself in the practice of his profession at No. 19 West 7th Street, where he specializes on eye, ear, nose, and throat diseases. He is also a member of the staff of the Tuberculosis Hospital, the Children's Hospital, the Jewish Hospital, the Good Samaritan Hospital and of several clinics. His alma mater has shown her appreciation of his medical learning and practical experience by making him a member of the faculty of the Medical College of the University of Cincinnati. He also has held the Davis Teaching Fellowship in Preventative Medicine for the past two years. He is a member of the American Medical Association and the Ohio State Medical Association ; Calvary Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; the Cincinnati Ophthalmological Club, of which he is also secretary ; Cincinnati Oto-Laryngological Society ; and of several other local clubs. During the World War Dr. Lyle served as a sergeant in the Medical Corps, and since the end of the war he has been attached to the Medical Detachment of the 147th Infantry and is a member of the Medical Officers' Reserve Corps with the rank of captain. He is a member of the Sons of the American Revolution. He is at times a contributor to medical journals and magazines where some of his articles have attracted favorable notice. His religious affiliations are with the Presbyterian Church:

Dr. Lyle was married, in 1916, to Anne W. Montgomery, of Lexington, Kentucky, daughter of William Smith and Minerva (Lechter) Montgomery, of Lexington, her father being a prominent resident of this town and a past president of the Kentucky Riding Club. Dr. and Mrs. Lyle are the parents of two children : 1. Harriet Anne, born October 16, 1919. 2. Mary Jane, born January 21, 1923. The family home is located at No. 545 Delta Avenue.


Samuel G. Boyd, retired, now living in Covington, Kentucky, was one of the most prominent lumber merchants and


manufacturers in Ohio and Kentucky. His connection with the business circles of the city of Cincinnati through his lumber interests contributed in no small degree to the growth and progress of the Queen City. Mr. Boyd is of old Colonial stock. His family removing from Virginia and settling in Kentucky immediately after the War of the Revolution. His paternal grandfather, Samuel Gibson Boyd, served with distinction in the War of the Revolution participating in the battles of Cow-pens, Kings Mountain, Guilford Court House, and many minor engagements. His father, James Boyd, enlisted in the War of 1812, and was in the famous Battle of the River Raisin.

Samuel G. Boyd, youngest son of James and Margaret Gibson Boyd, was born in Lewis County, Kentucky. In 1851, his family removed to Mason County, Kentucky, where Mr. Boyd was reared and educated. In 1857, Samuel G. Boyd and his brother, Charles W. Boyd, bought a sawmill at Levanna, Ohio, and established a business under the firm name of C. W. and S. G. Boyd, that later expanded into extensive plants at. Levanna, Higgensport, and Ripley, Ohio. The plant at Levanna included a large manufactory of tobacco hogsheads for the tobacco trade of Cincinnati, aLd a boat yard where they built barges for the United States Government as well as for local contractors.

In 1871 Samuel G. Boyd removed to Covington, Kentucky, and established offices and wholesale lumber yards in Cincinnati, where he engaged in a large and lucrative business. In 1887, the firm was reorganized and Charles Calvert Boyd, only son of Samuel Gibson Boyd, became associated with his father in business under the firm name of C. C. Boyd & Company. The firm dealt extensively in hardwood lumber and veneer and in addition to its plant in Cincinnati also operated large veneer and band mills at North Bend, Ohio. They were dealers and manufacturers in hardwood lumber and veneers, catering especially to the furniture and piano trade, with extensive business connections in the East, North, and South. Mr. Boyd was also interested in cotton and timber lands in the South.


He is a liberal Democrat by political affiliation ; is an honorary member of the Lumbermen's Club; and a member of the Christian Church, in which he has been an elder for sixty years.

Samuel G. Boyd was married December 3, 1858, to Susan Adelia Calvert, a daughter of Major Willis and Rebecca Ragsdale Calvert, of Boone County, Kentucky. Major Willis Calvert served with distinction in the War of 1812. Samuel G. and Susan Adelia (Calvert) Boyd were the parents of seven children : A son, deceased in infancy ; Charles Calvert, a sketch of whose life appears immediately following this biography; Rebecca A. ; Luella E. ; Retta, wife of Russell Calhoun Johnson, of Atlanta, Georgia ; Margaret Elizabeth, wife of Dr. Gilbert Langdon Bailey, of Lexington, Kentucky ; and Susan Adelia, widow of Charles B. Osborne, of Chicago, Illinois.

The career of Samuel Gibson Boyd viewed in perspective proves him to have been an able business man; of tireless energy, progressive in his viewpoint and one who had the ability to envision a large and greatly ramified commercial concern and the efficiency to resolve that possibility into an actuality.


The late Charles Calvert Boyd, although a resident of Covington, Kentucky, was identified with the business life of Cincinnati as a manufacturer and wholesale dealer in hardwood lumber. His death occurred at his home in Covington at the early age of forty-five years—cut off in the midst of his lifework while at the summit of his usefulness. He left behind him a record of work well done, and a career of untiring energy and high integrity.

Charles C. Boyd was born in Dover, Kentucky, on April 17, 1861, a son of Samuel Gibson and Susan Adelia (Calvert) Boyd. A sketch of his father's life will be found immediately preceding this biography of Mr. Boyd. Brought by his par-